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The benefits of using object identifiers for quantities and units in human physiology Jean-Paul Lemaire Associate Rapporteur of ITU-T SG 17/Q.9 (Telebiometrics)

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Presentation on theme: "The benefits of using object identifiers for quantities and units in human physiology Jean-Paul Lemaire Associate Rapporteur of ITU-T SG 17/Q.9 (Telebiometrics)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The benefits of using object identifiers for quantities and units in human physiology Jean-Paul Lemaire Associate Rapporteur of ITU-T SG 17/Q.9 (Telebiometrics) ITU-T Workshop on Radioactivity safety and security threats protection and telemedical support for irradiated people Geneva 30 Aug 2011

2 Summary This presentation explains how object identifiers and ASN.1 can be used in data exchange in telemedicine which is very useful in radioprotection when areas are potentially contaminated : Object identifiers can identify unambiguously quantities, units and symbols. ASN.1 can be used to define objects equivalent to tables but directly usable by applications. ASN.1 is also useful to describe messages and provides several encoding rules.

3 Object identifiers Object identifiers have been designed to assign unambiguous identifiers to many kinds of objects involved in telecommunications: network management directory systems (object classes, attributes, etc). Object identifiers are now defined in ITU-T X.660 series of ITU-T Recommendations and ISO/IEC 9834 standard. The object identifiers are organized in a hierarchical structure administered by ITU-T and ISO: the first level contains three arcs: arc 0: itu-t, administered by ITU-T arc 1: iso, administered by ISO arc 2: joint-iso-itu-t, administered jointly by ITU-T and ISO.

4 The first arcs of the registration tree root itu-t(0) iso(1) joint-iso-itu-t(2) recommendation(0) a(1)z(26) standard(0)member-body(2) asn1(1) ds(5) An object identifier is defined by the list of the arcs from the root. Each arc can be defined by a number or a number and an identifier: in ASN.1 notation: {itu-t(0) recommendation(0) a(1)} in dot notation:

5 Another notation: OID-IRI The ASN.1 and dot notations have been completed by a new one, OID-IRI which allows usage of human- friendly notation not limited to latin alphabets but which allows Unicode alphabets. An OID-IRI is a list of Unicode labels separated by / characters: /ITU-T/Recommendation for {itu-t(0) recommendation(0)} /ISO/Member-Body for {iso(1) member-body(2)} With OID-IRI, it is possible to define long arcs which are Unicode labels which permits, in the joint-iso-itu-t branch, to access directly OIDs not immediately beneath the root.

6 The Telebiometrics subtree For telebiometrics and e-health, a specific OID branch has been defined: {joint-iso-itu-t(2) telebiometrics(42)} with the associated long arc /Telebiometrics {2 42} Telebiometrics tmm(1) TMM human-physiology(2) Human_Physiology telehealth-protocol(3) Telehealth_Protocol physics(4) Th_Physics chemistry(5) Th_Chemistry biology(6) Th_Biology culturology(7) Th_Culturology psychology(8) Th_psychology patients(1) Patients medical-staff(2) Medical_Staff observers(3) Observers pharmaceutical-staff(4) Pharmaceutical_Staff laboratories(5) Laboraties drug-manufacturers(6) Drug_Manufacturers medical-device(7) Medical_Device medical-software(8) Medical_Software medical-insurance(9) Medical_Insurance medical-records(10) Medical_Records measures(1) Measures

7 The risks in e-health There are several risks in e-heath: risks in data transmission: modification of data during transmission divulgation of private information They are covered by e-health-protocol (X.th1, future X ). risks in misinterpretation of data: great number of quantities particularly in chemistry and biology Several units and symbols associated to a given quantity. They are covered by using unique object identifiers for quantities, units and symbols. These object identifiers will be defined in the five specific parts of X.th series: X.th2 (physics) X.th4 (biology) X.th6 (psychology) X.th3 (chemistry) X.th5 (culturology)

8 Object identifiers assigned to quantities, units and symbols { } /Telebiometrics/TMM/Measures quantities(1) Quantities units(2) Units symbols(3) Symbols physics(1) Physics chemistry(2) Chemistry biology(3) Biology culturology(4) Culturology psychology(5) Psychology

9 Definitions of quantities Each quantity is defined using the ASN.1 information object class QUANTITY which defines: the name (in English and optionally in French) the associated symbols defined by a name, an object identifier completed by a RELATIVE-OID-IR I the unit the modalities the assigned object identifier completed by a RELATIVE-OID-IR I.

10 Example of quantity The sodium element is defined as follows: sodiumQUANTITY ::= { "sodium" USING SYMBOLS { {"Na"} IDENTIFIED BY {id-symbols sodium(11)} AND "Na"} MEASURED IN {percent} FOR MODALITIES {id-tango} IDENTIFIED BY {id-quantities sodium(11)} AND "Sodium" }

11 Example of quantity The definition specifies: the name of the object the symbol Na with an object identifier completed by a RELATIVE-OID-IRI the unit defined as informational object percent, the modalities and the associated object identifier completed by a RELATIVE- OID-IRI.

12 Definitions of units Each unit is defined using the ASN.1 information object class UNIT which defines: the name (in English and optionally in French) the associated symbol the assigned object identifier and RELATIVE- OID-IRI. the other units from which this unit is derived A unit which is a multiple or submultiple of a another one (for example millimeter) is related to basic unit with a factor which is a power of 10.

13 Example of unit The kg/l is defined as follows: kilogramPerLitreUNIT ::= { "kilogramPerLitre" USING SYMBOLS { {{"kg. l", superscriptMinus, superscriptOne}} IDENTIFIED BY {id-symbols kilogramPerLitre(0)} AND "KilogramPerLitre"} IDENTIFIED BY {id-units kilogramPerLitre(1)} AND "KilogramPerLitre" DERIVED BY PRODUCT OF {kilogram} DIVIDED BY {litre}}

14 Example of unit This definition specifies: the name kilogramPerLitre the associated symbol kg.l -1 with the corresponding object identifier and RELATIVE- OID-IRI the object identifier completed by the RELATIVE- OID-IRI. Its also specifies that this unit is derived from two other units kilogram and litre.

15 Definition of symbols A symbol is defined by: One or more character string The attributes of the strings (for example italic) the assigned object identifier completed by a RELATIVE-OID-IR I. Example: sodium-symbol SYMBOL ::= {{"Na"} IDENTIFIED BY {id-symbols sodium(11)} AND "Na"}

16 Relations between quantities units and symbols The information objects related to quantities and symbols are linked together so starting from a quantity, it is possible to find the possible units and symbols. The multiples and submultiples of a unit are also linked to the base unit. Units Symbols Quantities Physics Chemistry Biology Culturology psychology

17 Conclusion The definition of object identifiers for quantities and units enforces the reliability and security of medical data transmission because they can be automatically processed and imported from a unique repository (which does not exist nowadays). They also permit the presentation of test results in various forms and conform to the usages of the medical practitioners because the symbols and multiples or submultiples of basic units are included in the informational object definitions.


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