Presentation on theme: "Sherin Shoukry - Director Information & Networking Division COMESA SECRETARIAT 2 -3 November 2010 Cairo, Egypt COMESA Green ICT How can WE Help Save the."— Presentation transcript:
Sherin Shoukry - Director Information & Networking Division COMESA SECRETARIAT 2 -3 November 2010 Cairo, Egypt COMESA Green ICT How can WE Help Save the Planet?
2 THEME: Applying ICTs effectively for socio-economic development 2 THEMETHEME
3 Burundi, Comoros, DR Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda,Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland,Uganda,Zambia, Zimbabwe Pop.- 430m GDP- $472b Area- 11.6m km 2 Total Trade- $308b Source: COMSTAT Database 3 ABOUT COMESA
4 Customs Union with a CET Monetary Union Common Investment Area 2025 – Fully integrated, internationally competitive regional economic community with high standards of living for all its people 4 STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES/MILESTONES
6 European Union USAID African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) Commonwealth Secretariat African Development Bank (ADB) UNECA 6 CO-OPERATING PARTNERS
7 E-Legislation Programme Have e-Waste in e-Legislation programme Concept Paper prepared COMESA Secretariat should conduct a study to draw up a model policy on e-Waste for the region Contact made with UNEP and Basel Convention. MoU obtained from STEP initiative. Collaborating with COMESA Climate Change Unit To tackle more broadly on Green ICT COUNCIL DECISIONS
Movement towards designing environmentally friendly and resource- efficient ICT products over their entire life cycle, from system design and component manufacturing to usage and recycling of the equipment. www.crbericht.telekom.dewww.crbericht.telekom.de 8 GREEN ICT
Table (Relative CO2 emissions of data centres against housing and international travel) 9 SOURCEkWh / YearCO2 (kg) equivalent CO2 ratioCarbon (kg) Large Data Center 43, 200,00018, 576, 00015, 071, 248 Small Data Center 8, 640,0003, 715, 2005436, 127 Household Consumption 24, 7115, 7993, 2001, 583 Transatlantic flight 1, 00618, 000275 Source: SCF Associates Estimates, UK Department of Trade and Industry WHY ICT IS A MAJOR FACTOR
10 Secretariat Regionally E-Waste Legislation Guidelines E-Waste Recycling Center Virtualisation Printing Policy S.O.S. Secretariat -Reduce power, cooling and real estate costs for data center -Cloud Computing -Printer Rationalisation -Low power, low heat notebooks? Regional -Regulatory requirements and legislative actions -Smart Grid - Sign to international Conventions ?? Tele-/Video- conferencing INITIATIVESINITIATIVES
11 A virtual machine is a tightly isolated software container that can run its own operating systems and applications as if it were a physical computer. A virtual machine behaves exactly like a physical computer and contains it own virtual (ie, software-based) CPU, RAM hard disk and network interface card (NIC). WHAT IS A VIRTUAL MACHINE?
12 WHY VIRTUALIZE? 1- It is considered green 2- Cost saving 3- It is a way to create space
13 COMESA INFRASTRUCTURE No central management server available
16 Automatic Shutdown of desktops/laptops after hours Black screens or Static Screensavers instead of active screensavers Measure power consumption of ICT as a component of total power use Reduce number of printed pages per employee per month Include green ICT requirements in procurement RFPs Procure more energy efficient equipment ( e.g. laptops consume ¼ power of a desktop and less raw material.) Thin clients and Virtualisation Energy efficient standards Carbon calculator for meetings ImmediateMedium Term Longer Term QUICK WINS
17 RegionMean Mean (pieces)(tonnes) Africa 1'609'100 38'600 CountryMeanMean (pieces)(tonnes) Kenya35'700900 Uganda14'000300 Table:Estimated number of obsolete PCs in specific regions and countries in 2005. SOURCE: Assessment of e-waste flows: a probabilistic approach to quantify e-waste based on world ICT and development indicators by Esther Müller, Mathias Schluep, Rolf Widmer, Fadri Gottschalk and Heinz Böni Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Laboratory for Technology and Society, CH-9014 St. Gallen, Switzerland E-WASTE STATISTICS IN M/STATES
18 Benefits: Hazardous to humans Destroys the environment Requirements: Funding to finance some aspects of the law like collection and processing of e-waste. Countries may explore existing Funds or create a Fund for this purpose. An ICT Fund or Universal Access /Service Funds could be created /amended to allow for financing implementation of this law. E-WASTE LEGISLATION FOR M/STATES