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Chapter 1 Lesson 3 (cont.) “How to Use the S.I. System”

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Introduction mg Prefix Unit measured milli gram

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I. Length A. Def – the distance between 2 points 1. base unit = meter 2. Examples a. meter, millimeter, hectometer

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Length Example Convert: a. 5.0032 meters cm = 500.32 cm b..0034 km mm = 3400 mm c. 4567 dm decameters = 45.67 decameters

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II. Volume (derived unit) A. Def. – the amount of space occupied 1. formula: length X width X height 2. base unit = liter (liquids); meter (solids) a. **1 cm 3 = 1 ml** 3. solids are always cubed (cm 3, m 3 ) 4. for liquids, use container dimensions to calculate volume 5. is a derived unit which means it is obtained by combining SI units

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Volume Example A liquid is poured into a container. If the dimensions of the container are 45 ml, 54 ml, and 80 ml what is the volume of the liquid in ml 3 ? 194,400 cm 3 The sides of a box are 45 cm, 54 cm, and 0.4 dm. What is the volume of the box in cm 3 ? 9,720 cm 3

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III. Mass A. Def. – the amount of matter in an object 1. base unit = gram 2. kilograms is used frequently 3. ex: golf ball vs. table tennis ball

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Mass Example Convert: a. 54 g kg.054 kg b. 3.002 kg mg 3,002,000 mg

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IV. Density (derived unit) A. Def. – Mass per unit of volume 1. formula: density = mass / volume 2. derived unit of mass and volume

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Density Example What is the density of an unknown metal that has a mass of 178.0 grams and a volume of 20.0 mL? ***Remember D=M/V*** 8.9 grams/mL Will this object float in water??? (1.0 g/ml)

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V. Time and Temperature A. Def. – Time is the interval between two events. 1. Base unit = second B. Def. – Temperature is the amount of heat contained in a substance 1. Base unit = Kelvin/Celsius

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Temperature Scales a. Celsius Scale – used for most scientific work i. 0 = freezing point of water ii. 100 = boiling point of water iii. 20 = room temperature iv. 37 = body temperature b. Kelvin scale i. 0 on the Kelvin Scale is absolute zero (-273 C.) ii. to convert Celsius to Kelvin add 273 K iii. to convert Kelvin to Celsius subtract 273 K

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Temperature Example The outside temperature is 29 degrees Celsius. What is it in Kelvin? 302 Kelvin A person has a temperature of 313 Kelvin. Does this person have a fever? yes; the body temp is 40 deg C.

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