Mega trend of development of social infrastructure Construction in urban area and the infrastructure development have progressed concurrently to balance economic growth and environmental protection. International opinion City operators point of view Residents Point of view Developed countryJAPAN Recovery from the Great East Japan Earthquake Declining birthrate and aging population Maintain aged infrastructure Gap between urban and rural area Resource and energy shortages Aging of urban population Aged social infrastructure Environmental awareness Increase of Investment as economic stimulus Water shortage Poverty, Disparity Construction of commercial and industrial city for Developing country 2.1
Connect our life with social infrastructure and make the life comfortable, safer, eco friendly 3.1 Smart City Image Water management Data center Network communication Network communication Transportation Energy Water Shop Station Recycle facility Energy station Factory Financial institution Hotel School Hospital Public facility Office building Housing Growing City EnergyTransportation Home Energy Management Smart Grid Community Energy Grid Renewable Energy Water, Environment Green Mobility Intelligent Water Smart Navigation City Management City Planning Security Traceability Management Support Customer Service Operation 11
4.1 Needs for a harmonized metrics 16 Diverse concept and definitions are proposed for smart cities International Organization Industry UN-HABITAT The World Bank APEC EU Sustainable Cities Programme Eco2-Cities (Ecological, Economical) Low Carbon Model Town Smart Cities and Communities Initiative Siemens IBM GE Toshiba Hitachi Green Cities Smarter Planet Smarter Network, Digital Energy Smart Community Smart City A number of indicators of smart cities are also introduced.
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