Presentation on theme: "IV World Congress of Computer Law Session: Policies for the information society Developing access to the Information society in Latin America: The case."— Presentation transcript:
IV World Congress of Computer Law Session: Policies for the information society Developing access to the Information society in Latin America: The case of Peru Edwin San Román President, OSIPTEL Governing Board Friday, 15 October 2004
¿What is Regulatel? Regulatel is the Latin American Forum of Telecommunication Regulatory Authorities, set up for the purpose of fostering cooperation and the coordination of efforts to promote telecommunication development in Latin America. Regulatel comprises 19 regulatory bodies representing: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Objectives Facilitate the exchange of information between member countries on the telecommunication regulatory framework and management, services and the market. Promote the harmonization of telecommunication regulation as a contribution to regional integration. Identify and safeguard regional interests by adopting common positions in international forums.
Organization chart President: José Rafael Vargas - INDOTEL, Dominican Republic Board of Administration: INDOTEL, Dominican Republic; ANATEL, Brazil; OSIPTEL, Peru; SITTEL Bolivia; CONATEL; Honduras; and ERSP, Panama. Secretary-General: Gustavo Peña Regulatel is administered by the Association of Regulatel Regulators AD, reporting to the forum Each member freely establishes its own internal organization. The only requirement is at least an official contact for each regulatory body 2003 a 2004
Members (19) Non-members Overview of the region
Costa Rica Uruguay Paraguay Ecuador Colombia Reform of the telecommunication sector in Latin America Americas Europe Asia Pacific Africa Arab Region PrivateState
Private Sector Government Society Develop training through the use of new technologies. Secure a stable regulatory framework in order to accelerate the development of ICTs. Stimulate development of the information society. Harmonize regulatory frameworks to promote the development of ICTs, connectivity and peoples access to the information society. Vision of the information society
Connectivity: improve quality and penetration Technology: Development of new applications and facilities for competition Content: Development of new market services Technology: make standards and competitivity more uniform. Cone ctividad: Mejorar la calidad y penetración. Content: Development of new market services Phases of the process Latin America is confronting these three challenges in an unstable political and economic climate Current situation in Latin America Information society in Latin America Connectivity: Improve quality and penetration
Study to determine the universal access gap in Latin America The results of the project will benefit the regulators of 19 member countries of Regulatel and will help them in their efforts to implement an effective and sustainable universal access programme. In addition, the result will contribute in the following areas: Helping to create incentives for innovation encouraging the private sector to improve accessibility of services in low-income areas; Promoting competition, reducing isolation, improving connectivity and expanding economic opportunities; Simplifying implementation processes for national projects by providing methodologies and specific task lists. Objectives of the PPIAF
Expected outputs of PPIAF Report on principles, global best practices and conceptual frameworks for universal access. Conceptual and methodological framework for evaluating universal access programmes and quantifying the universal access gap. Catalogue of universal access programmes. Report on the current status of the universal access gap in a sample of Latin American countries. Evaluation of universal access programmes in the region. Report on best practices and implementation guide.
Towards the information society: The case of Peru
Telefonía fija Telefonía Pública (TdP) Telefonía Pública (Fitel) Telefonía Móvil Broadband (ADSL exchanges) Geographical coverage by type of service Source: Operators Produced by: OSIPTEL Fixed telephony Mobile telephony Public telephony (TdP) Public telephony (Fitel)
Market gaps vs. real gap Current access Poverty Geographic isolation Commercially viable Market efficiency deficit Real access deficit Requires support
Market efficiency gap Access to ICTs by income Traditional switched access S/243 month (6%) Narrowband access S/220 month (6,2%) Flat-rate-tariff switched access S/168 month (9,4%) Shared broadband access S/32 month (44%) Source: Apoyo (2003) Produced by: OSIPTEL Real universal access gap: Over 50% of the Peruvian population 3.6% Monthly income (soles) % of population Traditional shared access S/68 month (18%)
Internet by type of access Source: Operators Produced by: OSIPTEL Mobile accessDedicated lines ADSL + Cable-modem
Access to Internet by public phones Source: Operators Produced by: OSIPTEL Hourly rate S/ Hourly rate Between S/ and S/ Wireline dedicated lines New techologies Wireless dedicated lines
Costs of public phones falling First year of operation (USD) Current costsInstallationEquipmentConnectivity (1 year)
Internet booth: Characteristics Administrator: Owner, family or friend Lifetime: 1.2 years on average No. of computers: 12 on average (mostly assembled) Trades association: 95% independent 5% in associations Type of premises: 70% rented 30% owned Tariff: S/ per hour (range: S/ S/. 2.5 per hour) Type of connection: ADSL Additional service: IP telephony No. of users: 55 persons per day on average Types of problem: Strong competition, informality, security issues Source: OSIPTEL
Universal access to telecommunication services Role of the Telecommunication Investment Fund
Projects awarded Projects awarded Projects awarded to Gilat- To-Home Projects awarded to Avantec - C&G Telecom Amount of subsidy requested from Fund USD (Net present value) USD (For the three projects) USD USD USD Source and produced by: OSIPTEL Project awarded to Gilat- To-Home Pilot project in North Frontier Projects awarded to TELEREP PPR – South PPR – Centre South PPR – Northern Forest PPR – North PPR – Centre West PPR – Centre North PPR = Rural Projects Programme
Quantitative results Pilot project in Northern Frontier Projects: South, Centre South and Northern Forest Projects: North, Centre North and Centre East Project: Expansion of PT in the country s interior Total Amount (USD) USD per village8,6095,67412,1637,0528,627 Villages with telephone installations 2142,2082,4611,6166,499 Internet booths Before: Distance to public telephone (km) After: Distance to public telephone (km) Source: OSIPTEL
Financial balance on Investment Fund projects Source and produced by: OSIPTEL Project Amount of subsidy Disbursed (31 July 2004) Balance (31 July 2004) Pilot project in Northern Frontier Rural Projects Programme for Northern Forest, Centre South and South areas Rural projects programme for the North, Centre North and Centre East areas Project to expand public telephony USD USD USD USD USD USD USD USD USD USD USD USD USD USD USD
Benefits of rural telecommunications Cost/benefit for society: 1.64 Consumer surplus: S/ per month Reduces the isolation of rural localities Promotes trade Diversifies the production structure in rural areas Improves market efficiency Reduces communication costs Reduces the costs of providing other public services Contributes to greater national security
Innovative pilot projects Information system for rural development in Cajamarca – ITDG Establishment of infocentres providing access to information of interest (agricultural sector, livestock, local management) using ICTs and the telephone service. Telemedicine in the High Amazon – EHAS Implementation of an information and communication system for medical staff in rural health establishments. Winner of the Stockholm Challenge Award in the health category. Agricultural information over the Internet for farmers in the Río Chancay-Huaral Valley Users Group Installation of 14 telecentres to provide information on agricultural and water resources to farmers in the area.
Other uses of ICTs Practical case examples
Source: AEDES Cotahuasi - Arequipa A 12-hour drive from Arequipa at metres above sea level. One of the lowest UNDP human development indices. Connection to the world through the public telephone and organization of the community. Marketing: Agroecological products Processed organic products Winner of the Betinho Communications Prize 2003
Challhuahuacho library centre Launched by the Callpas Association Scope: education and capacity-building Achievements: 120 schoolchildren use the library centre daily. 95% of regular schoolchildren at the library centre successfully completed the school year. Four neighbouring villages have requested a similar project for their communities. Major challenges and opportunities from Las Bambas mining project Winner of the IDB prize for innovative projects (2003)
Antabamba CICs (information and training centres) Centre for Research (Information Technology) of the UNITEC University of New Zealand. The idea of the project is to increase the productive value of activities and markets through the implementation of telecentres. Achievements: Improving the price of alpaca wool from S/ previously paid by buyers to S/.7.5 for first-grade wool and S/ for fourth-grade wool. Enhance the negotiation strengths of potato producers through the information obtained on the Mi Chacra portalMi Chacra (children in Antabamba using computers)