Presentation on theme: "Developing access to the Information society in"— Presentation transcript:
1Developing access to the Information society in IV World Congress of Computer LawSession: Policies for the information societyDeveloping access to theInformation society inLatin America: The case of PeruEdwin San RománPresident, OSIPTEL Governing BoardFriday, 15 October 2004
2¿What is Regulatel?Regulatel is the Latin American Forum of Telecommunication Regulatory Authorities, set up for the purpose of fostering cooperation and the coordination of efforts to promote telecommunication development in Latin America.Regulatel comprises 19 regulatory bodies representing: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela.
3ObjectivesFacilitate the exchange of information between member countries on the telecommunication regulatory framework and management, services and the market.Promote the harmonization of telecommunication regulation as a contribution to regional integration.Identify and safeguard regional interests by adopting common positions in international forums.
4Organization chartPresident: José Rafael Vargas - INDOTEL, Dominican RepublicBoard of Administration: INDOTEL, Dominican Republic;ANATEL, Brazil; OSIPTEL, Peru; SITTEL Bolivia;CONATEL; Honduras; and ERSP, Panama.2003 a 2004Secretary-General: Gustavo PeñaEach member freely establishes its own internal organization. The only requirement is at least an official contact for each regulatory bodyRegulatel is administered by the Association of Regulatel Regulators AD, reporting to the forum
6Reform of the telecommunication sector in Latin America AmericasEuropeAsia PacificAfricaCosta RicaColombiaArab RegionEcuadorParaguayPrivateStateUruguay
7Vision of the information society Harmonize regulatory frameworks to promote the development of ICTs, connectivity and people’s access to the information society.Stimulate developmentof the information society.PrivateSectorSocietyGovernmentSecure a stable regulatory framework in order to accelerate the development of ICTs.Develop training through the use of new technologies.
8Information society in Latin America Technology: Development of new applications and facilities for competitionContent: Development of new market servicesConnectivity: improve quality and penetrationPhases of the processCurrent situation inLatin AmericaTechnology: make standards and competitivity more uniform.Conectividad: Mejorar la calidad y penetración.Content: Development of new market servicesConnectivity: Improve quality and penetrationLatin America is confronting these three challenges in an unstable political and economic climate
9Study to determine the universal access gap in Latin America Objectives of the PPIAFThe results of the project will benefit the regulators of 19 member countries of Regulatel and will help them in their efforts to implement an effective and sustainable universal access programme.In addition, the result will contribute in the following areas:Helping to create incentives for innovation encouraging the private sector to improve accessibility of services in low-income areas;Promoting competition, reducing isolation, improving connectivity and expanding economic opportunities;Simplifying implementation processes for national projects by providing methodologies and specific task lists.
10Expected outputs of PPIAF Report on principles, global best practices and conceptual frameworks for universal access.Conceptual and methodological framework for evaluating universal access programmes and quantifying the universal access gap.Catalogue of universal access programmes.Report on the current status of the universal access gap in a sample of Latin American countries.Evaluation of universal access programmes in the region.Report on best practices and implementation guide.
11Towards the information society: The case of Peru
12Geographical coverage by type of service Fixed telephonyTelefonía fijaMobile telephonyTelefonía MóvilTelefonía Pública (TdP)Public telephony (TdP)Telefonía Pública (Fitel)Public telephony (Fitel)Broadband(ADSL exchanges)Source: OperatorsProduced by: OSIPTEL
13Market efficiency deficit Market gaps vs. real gapCommercially viableReal access deficitMarket efficiency deficitCurrent accessPovertyRequires supportGeographic isolation
14Access to ICTs by income Market efficiency gapTraditional switched accessS/243 month (6%)Real universal access gap:Over 50% of thePeruvian populationNarrowband access S/220 month (6,2%)3.6% Monthly income (soles)Flat-rate-tariff switched access S/168 month (9,4%)Traditional shared access S/68 month (18%)Shared broadband access S/32 month (44%)% of populationSource: Apoyo (2003)Produced by: OSIPTEL
15Internet by type of access Mobile accessADSL + Cable-modemDedicated linesSource: OperatorsProduced by: OSIPTEL
16Access to Internet by public phones Hourly rateBetween S/ and S/. 1.50Hourly rateS/. 5.00Wireline dedicated linesWireless dedicated linesNew techologiesSource: OperatorsProduced by: OSIPTEL
17Costs of public phones falling First year of operation (USD)Current costsInstallationEquipmentConnectivity (1 year)
18Internet booth: Characteristics Administrator:Owner, family or friendTariff:S/ per hour(range: S/ S/. 2.5 per hour)Type of premises:70% rented30% ownedNo. of computers:12 on average (mostly assembled)Additional service:IP telephonyType of connection:ADSLLifetime:1.2 years on averageTypes of problem:Strong competition, informality,security issuesTrades association:95% independent5% in associationsNo. of users:55 persons per day on averageSource: OSIPTEL
19Universal access to telecommunication services Role of the Telecommunication Investment Fund
20(For the three projects) Projects awardedProjects awarded to Gilat- To-HomeProjects awarded to Avantec - C&G TelecomAmount of subsidyrequested from FundUSD(Net present value)USD(For the three projects)USDUSDUSDProject awarded to Gilat- To-HomePilot project in North FrontierProjects awarded to TELEREPPPR – SouthPPR – Centre SouthPPR – Northern ForestPPR – NorthPPR – Centre WestPPR = Rural Projects ProgrammePPR – Centre NorthSource and produced by: OSIPTEL
21Quantitative results Amount (USD) 4.725.844 10.990.888 27.854.400 Pilot project in Northern FrontierProjects: South, Centre South and Northern ForestProjects: North, Centre North and Centre EastProject: Expansion of PT in the country’s interiorTotalAmount (USD)USD per village8,6095,67412,1637,0528,627Villages with telephoneinstallations2142,2082,4611,6166,499Internet booths-260255515Before: Distance to public telephone (km)90542440.69After: Distance to public telephone (km)5845.83Source: OSIPTEL
22Financial balance on Investment Fund projects Amount of subsidyDisbursed (31 July 2004)Balance (31 July 2004)ProjectPilot project in Northern FrontierUSDUSDUSDRural Projects Programme for Northern Forest, Centre South and South areasUSDUSDUSDRural projects programme for the North, Centre North and Centre East areasUSDUSDUSDProject to expand public telephonyUSDUSDUSDUSDUSDUSDSource and produced by: OSIPTEL
23Benefits of rural telecommunications Cost/benefit for society: 1.64Consumer surplus: S/ per monthReduces the isolation of rural localitiesPromotes tradeDiversifies the production structure in rural areasImproves market efficiencyReduces communication costsReduces the costs of providing other public servicesContributes to greater national securityEntre los principales beneficios sociales que están asociados a la disposición de telecomunicaciones en los pueblos rurales se pueden identificar aquellos que tienen que ver con el menor aislamiento y la integración y, por otro lado, aquellos que permiten reducir y mejorar la calidad del gasto de los pobladores.Genera una mayor comunicación e integración de las zonas rurales a los mercados urbanos contribuyendo a que se genere un mayor comercio en desmedro del autoconsumo.Se genera la posibilidad de diversificar la estructura productiva de las zonas rurales hacia actividades más integradas a los mercados urbanos (artesanía, turismo, etc).21
24Innovative pilot projects Information system for rural development in Cajamarca – ITDGEstablishment of infocentres providing access to information of interest (agricultural sector, livestock, local management) using ICTs and the telephone service.Telemedicine in the High Amazon – EHASImplementation of an information and communication system for medical staff in rural health establishments.Winner of the Stockholm Challenge Award in the health category.Agricultural information over the Internet for farmers in the Río Chancay-Huaral Valley Users GroupInstallation of 14 telecentres to provide information on agricultural and water resources to farmers in the area.
26Cotahuasi - ArequipaA 12-hour drive from Arequipa at metres above sea level.One of the lowest UNDP human development indices.Connection to the world through the public telephone and organization of the community.Marketing:Agroecological productsProcessed organic productsWinner of the Betinho Communications Prize 2003Source: AEDES
27Challhuahuacho library centre Launched by the Callpas AssociationScope: education and capacity-buildingAchievements:120 schoolchildren use the library centre daily.95% of regular schoolchildren at the library centre successfully completed the school year.Four neighbouring villages have requested a similar project for their communities.Major challenges and opportunities from Las Bambas mining projectWinner of the IDB prize for innovative projects (2003)
28Antabamba CICs (information and training centres) Centre for Research (Information Technology) of the UNITEC University of New Zealand.The idea of the project is to increase the productive value of activities and markets through the implementation of telecentres.Achievements:Improving the price of alpaca wool from S/ previously paid by buyers to S/.7.5 for first-grade wool and S/ for fourth-grade wool.Enhance the negotiation strengths of potato producers through the information obtained on the Mi Chacra portal(children in Antabamba using computers)