Presentation on theme: "L.S. Rathore Integrated Agro-Meteorological Advisory Service in India"— Presentation transcript:
1 L.S. Rathore Integrated Agro-Meteorological Advisory Service in India Head Agriculture MeteorologyIndia Meteorological DepartmentMinistry of Earth Sciences
2 Outline……… Conceptual Frame of AAS Operational AAS System Agro-Met Information DisseminationEndorsement & AppreciationOutreach Awareness & FeedbackCapacity BuildingEconomic ImpactFuture Plans
3 Why AAS About 75% people are dependent on Agriculture. About 43% land is used for agricultural activity.Agriculture continues to play a major role in Economy.Agriculture is highly sensitive to weather & its variability.Minor climatic variations have major impact on farm outputOver next 30 years food production needs to be doubled.AAS Provides weather & climatic information along with farm management optionsAdvisories empower farmers to climate risk minimization.Provide access to dynamic technological development
4 Variability in Weather/Climate impacting Agriculture Increased Heat/Cold WaveIncreased variability of R/FIncreased Extremes Weather EventsErratic Onset, advance and retrieval of MonsoonShift in Active/break cyclesIntensity and frequency of Monsoon lows/depressions
5 Heavy precipitation events in India have increased during last 50 years Heavy rainfall events (>10cm)Very heavy rainfall events (>15cm)Light to moderate rainfall events (5-100 mm)Source: IITM, Goswami et al. 2006; data is the frequency in each of 143 grids in the region5
6 Information Needs of Farmers Local agro-climate & its variabilityWeather forecastShort & Medium RangeExtended rangeSeasonal ScaleClimate PredictionPest/disease prognosis & control measuresAdvice on sowing/harvest, cultivar selection, farm input management & intercultural operations
7 Strategies to Empower Farmers for Weather Based Decision making Generate information onWeather & Climate (Observations & Forecast)Impact of likely weather on cropImpact of likely weather on P&DWeather based input managementWeather sensitivity of farm operationsDevelop decision making Tools:Data baseCrop/Soil/P&D ModelingRemote Sensing & GISCrop/Soil Monitoring, Drought Monitoring etc.Disseminate informationOutreach, capacity building, Feedback
8 CHALLENGES Weather Forecast : Agriculture : Skillful, Quantitative, Locale Specific, SeamlessAgriculture :Crop/Livestock/P&D conditions assessmentDiagnose Weather Related StressWeather Sensitivity of Crops & Management PracticesDecision Support Tools for Translating Weather Forecast into AdvisoriesAdvisory Dissemination, Outreach & FeedbackSynergistic Collaboration among Participating agencies
9 AAS: Evolution 1932: Division of Ag. Meteorology 1945: Farmer’s weather Bulletin1976: Agro-Met Advisory Service (state level1991: Medium range Wx forecast based advisories at agro-climatic zone level (127)2007: Integrated AAS at IMD, Ministry of Earth Sciences2008: Launched District Level Advisories2011: Experimental Block Level Forecast
10 Operational Agro-Meteorology Service Goal:Locale & Crop specific Advisory & Farmer Level OutreachTIER 1Apex Policy Planning Body, DelhiTIER 2National Agromet Service HQExecution, PuneTIER 3State Agromet Centres (28)Coordination/MonitoringTIER 4Agromet Field UnitsAgroclimatic Zone Level (130)TIER 5District Level Extension and TrainingInput Management as advisory~640Network of 130 Agromet Field UnitsNetwork of AAS units in the country
12 Agro Met R&D back up: ICAR 25 Centers of AICRP on Agro MeteorologyLocated at SAUs with AAS of NCMRWFR&D in AgrometAgromet data bank & Website
13 Collaborating Agencies Ministry Of Earth SciencesIndia Meteorological DepartmentNational Centre For Medium Range Weather ForecastingIndian Institute of Tropical MeteorologyIndian Council For Agricultural ResearchDepartment Of Agriculture & CooperationState Departments Of AgricultureState Agricultural Universities And Other UniversitiesMinistry of Information TechnologyMinistry of Science & TechnologyMinistry of Information & Broadcasting (AIR & TV)Print MediaDepartment Of SpaceMin. of Rural DevelopmentNGOs & Private Agencies
14 Multi-model Super Ensemble Technique Generation of Multi-Analysis WeightsStep-1NCEPJMAECMWFNCMRWFUKMOObserved Gridded FieldWeight for each grid of each Model (W)14
15 Generation of Multi-Model Forecasts Step-2NCEPJMAECMWFNCMRWFUKMOForecast (F)= WiFi DD= Value addition
16 AN INTEGRATED SCHEME FOR PREPARATION OF LOCATION SPECIFIC WEATHER FORECAST PanelDirect ModelSynopticInterpretationOutput ForecastStatisticalForecaster’sPanelFinal Forecast
17 IMD Multi-model Ensemble (MME) based District level Forecasts Parameters:RainfallMax & Min temperatureTotal cloud coverSurface Relative HumiditySurface Wind
18 District Level Agro-Met Advisory Service System IMDPREPARATION OF DISTRICTWISE MEDIUM RANGEWEATHER FORECASTBY STATE MET CENTREAgro-climate levelagro-met data130 AG.MET. FIELD UNITSPREPARATION OFDISTRICT SPECIFICAGRO-ADVISORIESFOR CONCERNEDAGRO-CLIMATICDistrict-wiseAgro-met dataDISTRICT LEVEL AGENCIES(DAO/KVK/ATMA/NGOs)DISSEMINATION OFDISTRICT LEVELAGRO-ADVISORIESFeedback analysisFARMERS(THROUGH MEDIA AGENCIES,IT SERVICE, PERSONAL CONTACT)
19 Three tier Agro-met Advisory System AMFUs issue district level advisories.State Level Composite AAS Bulletins are prepared by State Meteorological Centre.National Agromet Advisory Bulletins are prepared by National Agromet Advisory Service Centre, IMD, Pune .
20 Agromet Advisory Bulletins National, State and District level
21 District Agromet Advisory Bulletin More than 550 districts are coveredBulletin is targeted for the farmers.This contains advisories for all the weather sensitive agricultural operations form sowing to harvest.It includes advisories for horticultural crops and livestock also.
22 State level Composite Bulletin This bulletin is prepared for the State level CWWG meeting.This is also meant for other users like Fertiliser industry, Pesticide industry, Irrigation Department, Seed Corporation, Transport and other organisations which provide inputs in agriculture.
23 National Agromet Advisory Bulletin The bulletin is primarily prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture for taking important decision in Crop Weather Watch Group (CWWG) meeting.Besides the same is also communicated to all the related Ministries (State & Central), Organisations, NGOs for their use.
24 The monitoring system provides following products Use of Remote SensingCrop condition and physiological growth processes are regularly monitored to identify crop type, crop phenology, stress etc.The monitoring system provides following productsCore land surface variables : Albedo, LST, all sky insolation, NDVIDerived variables: PET, AET, Soil MoistureRemote Sensing Agencies provide these inputs to AAS system.
25 AgroMet Information Dissemination Mass Mode of Dissemination:Print Media: Newspaper, magazine article Electronic media: Radio, TelevisionSelect User Group Dissemination;Internet: Internet posting, (50 Web Sites)Mobile Phones: SMS, IVRS (Over 2 Million Farmers)Human face for Advisory DisseminationExtensionAwareness Program, Farmer’s Fare
26 Forecast from IMD, New Delhi Agromet Advisory Bulletin by AMFUs Operational communication linkage between Agromet Advisory Service Unit and end-users (farmers) for effective communicationForecast from IMD, New DelhiState Met CentresAgromet Advisory Bulletin by AMFUsPostal ContactPersonal ContactRadioNews PapersKVK /NGOsState Agril. Dept.FarmerTelevisionMobileWebsite
27 Dissemination Through Mobile Phones State Govt. Maharashtra Reuter Market LightHandygoNokiaIFFCOVritti SolutionState Govt. MaharashtraTotal StatewiseYears →2010April2011Andhra Pradesh-450005796161298106298Bihar6219200329Gujarat16144344514005000061454633622689130787Haryana205562315470010000010169932458122955155612Himachal179948178Karnataka400004932760815100815Kerala25000443771621041210Madhya Pradesh350003991084466119466Maharashtra1191161427805008000045902353452300320026000193818287325Orissa827673729Punjab4333454260750274392439271523113652Rajasthan7716294963129963Tamilnadu684223400584005Uttar Pradesh105000353205279768384768West Bengal1041625598127599678529224Total1992542562703050500000910019Total SMS send by Agromet Field Units Dapoli, Hissar, Ranital, Anantpur, Lembucherea, Mulde14633
28 Endorsements & Appreciations “ It is a Great Idea .. Do it Across the World. Great Work .. Keep It Up”Barak Obama,President, U.S.ANov 7, 2010, Maharashtra
29 “Today, India is a leader in using technology to empower farmers, like those I met yesterday who get free updates on market and weather conditions on their cell phones”Barak Obama,President, U.S.ANov.8, 2010, Joint Session of Parliament, New Delhi
30 Farmer Awareness Programme Farmer’s Awareness ProgrammeonWeather, Climate and FarmersAwareness programme was organized at 50 locations in 2009.The objective of the programme is to make farmers more self-reliant in dealing with weather and climate information and to increase the interaction between farmers and AAS providing agencies i.e. IMD, SAUs, ICAR etc.The program will be organised in 80 stations by the end of 2010.
31 Brochure for Awareness Brochure in different languages are prepared and ready for circulation among the usersHindiAssameesGujaratiManipuriEnglishNepaliOriyaPunjabiTamilMarathi
32 Hosting of interactive website A new interactive website launched on to provide required information on AAS
33 Capacity Building Meteorologists (Forecaster) NWP Interpretation of model out put for Preparation of location specific weather forecastAgrometeorologistsAgromet Core CourseAgromet Observers CourseMeteorologists Grade II Training CourseFamiliarization TrainingRefresher CourseBasic Agromet CourseOn the Job TrainingAMFU Technical Officer TrainingExtension OfficialsFarmers
34 Linkages at District Level 130 AMFU (one in ~ 5 Districts)589 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Farmer’s Science Centres) in 640 DistrictsTransfer of recommended technologies from NARSImpart skills through orientation programs to rural massesOrganize vocational trainings, demonstrate latest technologies and its refinement in farmers’ field conditionsOrganize demonstrations to generate awareness & feedbackAgro Technology Management Agencies (ATMA)District Agriculture/Horticulture OfficesCommon Service Centres (Village Level)Local Media
35 Feedback Issues & Mechanism Feedback Collected on;Quality of Forecast & relevance of AdvisoriesFarmer get information from Whom & How?Problem solving through interactive modeAnswering questions of common interest through bulletinsAccessibility to information via ICTAccessibility to ExpertsMode of Feedback Collection;Through Personal Contact & InternetThrough Media AgenciesPrepare QuestionnaireSurveysFarmers Meeting/Kisan Mela
36 Economic Impact Two studies conducted In general reduced cost of cultivationFruit crops cost of cultivation marginally increased but production also increasedSelecting sowing, irrigation & Pesticide application are major determinantsIt is also observed that the yield increased by almost 10-25% in most of the crops with maximum increase in the fruit cropsLimited awareness among users.
37 Future Plan Establishment of District Agro-Meteorological Units Densify observational network (~33,000 AWS)Forecast at high resolution & Improvement for extreme weatherDevelop forewarning system for P&DImproved DisseminationService to Crop Growers AssociationApplication of Remote Sensing in AASEstablishment of ConnectivityTraining (Farmer, Extension Specialist, Scientists)Economic impact assessmentWeather Based Crop Insurance