Presentation on theme: "1 Progress at Global and Regional Levels for the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework and Development with Strengthened ISDR system 6 November 2006, First."— Presentation transcript:
1 Progress at Global and Regional Levels for the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework and Development with Strengthened ISDR system 6 November 2006, First World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Coordination Meeting Yuichi Ono International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR)
3 Climate Change and Extremes Costs of extreme weather alone could reach % of world GDP per annum by the middle of the century, and will keep rising if the world continues to warm. Climate change is happening and measures to help people adapt to it are essential. And the less mitigation we do now, the greater the difficulty of continuing to adapt in future. STERN REVIEW: The Economics of Climate Change, 2006 Peter Webster et al.
4 Disaster reduction is essential for sustainable development Strengthen institutions (especially in communities) to build resilience Build risk reduction into emergency management and recovery Agreed by 168 Governments at the second World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, 18 – 22 January, 2005 Strategic goals Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters
5 Disaster reduction – Hyogo Framework for Action Five priorities for actions: 1.- Ensure that disaster risk reduction in a national & local priority- strong institutional basis 2.- Identify, assess & monitor risk- enhance early warning 3.- Use knowledge, innovation & education to build culture of safety 4.- Reduce underlying risk factors 5.- Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response
6 National level As reported to ISDR secretariat At least 90 national Hyogo Framework focal points designated More than 35 countries have developed and established a National Platform Meetings among national platforms in Africa, and among regions (in Pretoria, October 2006)
7 Regional level Regional strategies -Asia (Beijing Plan of Action), Ministerial meetings (China 2005; India 2007) -Africa (AU/NEPAD), Ministerial meetings (2006, 2007), -Europe (Council of Europe), -Pacific (Madang Framework) with Ministerial commitments, regional consultations planned in other regions -LAC (OAS, CEPREDENAC, CAPRADE) Regional cooperation (inter-governmental organizations), Asia ISDR partnership, collaborative centres (China, Iran, Ecuador)
8 International level (para. 32, HFA) Integration of DRR into development assistance and humanitarian frameworks: Financing- Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, WB: global and regional level coordination in support of ISDR system; track 2 for countries (implementation of Hyogo Framework) Mainstreaming in development – guidelines for disaster risk reduction for UN planning frameworks (in CCA/UNDAF); and focusing on countries targeted by the World Bank (mainly through PRSPs). Humanitarian policy support for building disaster risk resilience EC/ECHO policy dialogue to support mainstreaming efforts IFRC has adopted HFA as guiding principle Humanitarian Flash Appeals and ISDR system: Tsunami Early Warning System and follow up, Indian Ocean Pakistan
9 International Level (continued) Strengthened capacity of environmental and other technical areas of UN System to assist disaster-prone developing countries in mainstreaming DRR: DRR in environmental policies and management (lead by UNEP) DRR and climate change adaptation: how to use NAPAs to reduce disaster risk and other ongoing discussions with the UNFCCC and IPCC DRR in other sectors gradually being developed: health (WHO, PAHO), water (UN Water), desertification (UNCCD), space applications (UN/OOSA, GEO) ….
10 International Level (continued) Other policy-related Getting Started guide to implementing risk reduction at national level under the HFA (to be issued for wide consultation shortly) Matrix of commitments and initiatives in support of HFA being updated, available on the ISDR website Development of indicators for disaster risk reduction, via on-line dialogue, expert consultations, etc.
11 International Level (continued) Thematic platforms, clusters, partnerships International Recovery Platform (ISDR/UNDP/ILO/ADRC/OCHA, Kobe) knowledge sharing, capacity building, post-assessment methodology Early warning: ISDR Platform for Promotion of Early Warning (Bonn); EWC-III, Bonn March 2006, Checklist, Project portfolio, Global Survey of EWS (SG report), and International Early Warning Programme; Indian Ocean regional tsunami early warning system (UNESCO-IOC led); Education: HFA Education cluster, UNESCO led with Action Aid, ADRC, UNICEF, ISDR etc – include DRR in school curricula and safer schools; recent inventory of experience Global Risk Indexing Program: UNDP led, ProVention, WB, ISDR etc Drought network (China, Africa….); Seismic risk collaborative centre (Iran); El Niño (CIIFEN, Ecuador); Wildland Fire Network (Freiburg and FAO)
12 Role of WMO in ISDR system and for the implementation of HFA Governance structures Thematic (technical) responsibilities National platforms and action plans Scientific panel...
13 NMHSs engagement to reduce vulnerabilities to natural hazards Improve early warning, preparedness and response Develop culture of prevention and resilience Build institutions (policies, legislation, plans...) to actively contribute to these goals Identify risks (hazard & vulnerability assessments, mapping...) and avoid high risk zones Build hazard-resistant structures (schools, hospitals, houses...) Protect and develop hazard buffers (forests, reefs, mangroves..)
14 Collaboration WMO-ISDR in region (examples) A regional meeting on Climate Change in the Latin America and Caribbean Region held in Panama, 19 to 23 November 2006 (- a regional meeting and training, co- organized by UNISDR-LAC, IAI (Inter-American Institute Global Change Research), CATHALAC (Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean), the Regional Disaster Information Center (CRID), the National Authority of Panama for the Environment (ANAM), and the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO ). The International Workshop on Flash Flood Forecasting, held in Costa Rica, 13 to 17 March ISDR-LAC attended the technical seminar on disaster prevention and mitigation that was organized by WMO together with the Peruvian government, in Lima from 4 to 6 September 2006 ISDR supports Tropical Cyclone Programme activities – Typhoon Committee, Tropical Cyclone Panel, Hurricane Committee, etc. Tornado warning system in Bangladesh (ADRC to lead)
15 Collaboration WMO-ISDR in theme (examples) EWCs, International Early Warning Programme UN-Water, International Flood Initiative, World Water Development Report
16 Why strengthen the ISDR system 1.Respond to current disaster trends and increased demand for support 2.Increase political space for disaster risk reduction (finance, development sectors, MDGs…) at all levels
17 Why strengthen the ISDR system (continued) 3.Increase capacity to support national and local level implementation 4.Build coherence and coordination (global and regional) - joint system planning and prioritized deliverables 5.Promote disaster risk reduction as part of sustainable development and prerequisite for Millennium Development Goals
18 Our objective: To reduce disaster risk, worldwide, focusing on nations and communities The instrument: Hyogo Framework for Action The vehicle: ISDR system - movement Build a disaster risk reduction movement – ISDR system
19 Main elements of the strengthened ISDR System in support of the Hyogo Framework for Action Nations and communities Global coordination Supporting mechanisms National Platforms for DRR, Government agencies, local authorities, NGOs, CBOs, technical organisations, private sector, media… Global Platform for DRR and working bodies (PAC…) USG Humanitarian Affairs management oversight board ISDR secretariat ISDR regional and thematic platforms International and regional org. UN Country Teams, Red Cross/ Red Crescent societies UN General Assembly, ECOSOC Advice from ISDR Support Grp Support and technical advice to agencies, authorities, institutions and organizations Management, programme guidance, support, joint work programming, global reporting Governance Responsible for national strategies and programmes, baselines studies, reporting…
20 ISDR system levels of action (platforms) National National frameworks will determine composition and functions Support from UN country team – when appropriate Global Annual sessions Programme Advisory Committee Regional Based on existing regional and sub-regional strategies and mechanisms ISDR programme coordinated international and regional efforts to support national and local capacities Thematic Building on existing networks, clusters, programmes and other mechanisms
21 Ongoing strengthening of the ISDR system Involvement of Governments in the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (first session 5-7 June 2007, in Geneva); The Global Platform meets once a year; nominates a Programme Advisory Committee for expert advice on coordinated and joint planning in support of national implementation of HFA; The USG for Humanitarian Affairs designated an inter-agency management oversight board to assist in his/hers functions: to oversee the ISDR secretariat, provide high-level advocacy functions and strategic support to the ISDR system from humanitarian, development, environment and scientific angles; A transitional inter-agency Reference Group is contributing to preparations of the joint planning framework for the Global Platform
22 " More effective prevention strategies would save not only tens of billions of dollars, but save tens of thousands of lives. Funds currently spent on intervention and relief could be devoted to enhancing equitable and sustainable development instead, which would further reduce the risk for war and disaster. Building a culture of prevention is not easy. While the costs of prevention have to be paid in the present, its benefits lie in a distant future. Moreover, the benefits are not tangible; they are the disasters that did NOT happen. " Kofi Annan, Facing the Humanitarian Challenge: Towards a Culture of Prevention, UNGA, A/54/1