Presentation on theme: "Mayo, 2007 A major program to control rabies in Mexico was initiated in 2000 Dr. Carlos H. Álvarez Lucas Ministery of Mexico Health."— Presentation transcript:
Mayo, 2007 A major program to control rabies in Mexico was initiated in 2000 Dr. Carlos H. Álvarez Lucas Ministery of Mexico Health
Antecedents Rabies in dogs was unknown in the Americas before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores. The first mention of rabies in Mexico is in the Inquisition papers, with two manuscripts of the early 18th century, in which a priest writes that happy was New Spain while it was still free of the disease of rabies….
Up until the middle 1980s rabies in animals and, in turn, in humans, changed little from year to year. Figure 1 Human Rabies Deaths in Mexico, 1939– * Years DogOtherSpecies * Available1972- When one looks at the figures they remain virtually unchanged: anywhere from 3,000 to 6,000 cases in animals, with over 95% in dogs, and human deaths a year. Rabies program
As has been the case in other countries, canine rabies began to be controlled once the decision was been made to vaccinate enough dogs. The program of mass vaccination began in 1990 in Mexico. Rabies program
Figura 3: States Free of Canine Rabies, México, The number quickly dropped almost to zero or disappeared completely All but 5 of the remaining states have now succeeded in virtually eliminating the endemic disease in dogs; of these five, one is a tropical peninsula (Yucatán). States whitout rabies Rabies program
Cases of rabies in animals fell during this period, almost in direct relation to the number of dogs vaccinated, human rabies, too, fell to almost nil.
V-10 (1) cat V-1 (1) dog V-1 (6)dogs6 V-1 (3) dog 3 V-1 (3) dog 3 V-1 (8) dogs8 V-1 (4) dog V-8 (1)cat V-11 (1) dog V-8 (1)cat V-1 (28)dogs28 V-11 (1)dogs V-1 (1) dog V-5 (1) do V-1 (1) dog V-1 (4)dogs4 V-1 (42)dogs40, 2cats V-9 (1)cat V-11 (1) dog V-8 (1)cat V-9 (1)cat V-7 (2)cat1 dog 1 V-1 (1) cat V-1 (5)cat2 dog 3 V-11 (1)cat V-1 (10)dogs V-1 (5) dogs V-1 (4) dogs3, cat1 V-1 (1) cat V-1 Dog V-5Vampire V-7GreyFox V-8Skunk V-9 Bat V-10Skunk V-11Vampire D 120, C 7 D 1 D 1, C 1 C 3 D1, C1 C 1 D2, C 2 No. 140Isolates Figure 6 IdentificationofCanineandFelineRabiesVariants by MonoclonalAntibodies, Variants Rabies program
Comunication strategies evolution Canuto Perrón Dr. T. Canto Gatalina Cat Rabies program
Conclusions The canine rabies in Mexico was a problem of public health. Only country that makes national intensive days of canine antirabies vaccination. Leader in reduction of canine rabies cases and humans cases transmitted by dog. Uses biological antirabies humans and canine of the same quality like the countries of the first world. The use of new technologies alerts the presence of the wild animal rabies. Rabies program