2 Ministery of Mexico Health A major program to control rabies in Mexico was initiated in 2000Ministery of Mexico HealthDr. Carlos H. Álvarez LucasMayo, 2007
3 AntecedentsRabies in dogs was unknown in the Americas before the arrival of the Spanish “conquistadores”.The first mention of rabies in Mexico is in the Inquisition papers, with two manuscripts of the early 18th century, in which a priest writes that “happy was New Spain while it was still free of the disease of rabies…”.
4 Rabies programUp until the middle 1980s rabies in animals and, in turn, in humans, changed little from year to year.3141496460477891725457969582262431820111583611030405070809010039424548516366*72758184879396990205YearsDogOtherSpecies*Available1972-Figure 1Human Rabies Deaths in Mexico, 1939–2005When one looks at the figures they remain virtually unchanged: anywhere from 3,000 to 6,000 cases in animals, with over 95% in dogs, and human deaths a year.
5 The program of ‘mass vaccination’ began in 1990 in Mexico. Rabies programAs has been the case in other countries, canine rabies began to be controlled once the decision was been made to vaccinate enough dogs.5Millions16.6188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124126.96.36.199.72.41.610.62.710.42.211.52.52.63122.312456789101113141516171990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005National Vaccination WeekPermanent ProgramAdditional Reinforcement7.116.0Figure 2RabiesVaccinationinDogs,Mexico, 1990-The program of ‘mass vaccination’ began in 1990 in Mexico.
6 Rabies programThe number quickly dropped almost to zero or disappeared completely All but 5 of the remaining states have now succeeded in virtually eliminating the endemic disease in dogs; of these five, one is a tropical peninsula (Yucatán).Figura 3: States Free of Canine Rabies, México,1995200519902000States whitout rabies
7 Rabies programCases of rabies in animals fell during this period, almost in direct relation to the number of dogs vaccinated, human rabies, too, fell to almost nil.188.8.131.52.39.710.610.911.112.613.313.714.915.916.21616.64511011724431733552385213872253210630491382160010576246810121418199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200550010001500250030003500DogsVaccinated(Millions)RabiesCasesFigure 4Rabies Cases inandCanineVaccination,Mexico, 1990-184.108.40.206.39.710.610.911.112.613.313.714.915.916.21616.621372015224529601946810121418199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200530405070Figure 5Rabies inHumans,andCanineRabiesVaccinationMexico, 1990-DogsVaccinated(Millions)Rabies Cases
11 Rabies program Conclusions The canine rabies in Mexico was a problem of public health.Only country that makes national intensive days of canine antirabies vaccination.Leader in reduction of canine rabies cases and humans cases transmitted by dog.Uses biological antirabies humans and canine of the same quality like the countries of the first world.The use of new technologies alerts the presence of the wild animal rabies.