3 Overview of NAPPO Export Systems Registered facilities operate under quality/certification systemUse and tracking of only accredited heat treated or fumigated wood in certified WPControlled application of certification stampInventory control of treated/untreated products
4 Overview of U.S. System Performance based HT providers/users of treated wood establish day to day practices within accreditation standardsAPHIS contract with third party auditor/accreditor to oversee system (July 2001)Standard XX establishes specific WP production rulesStandard PS 20 establishes H.T. requirements
5 U.S. Certification of H.T. Wood Accredited agency verifies complianceHeating chamber & schedule sufficient to prescribed standards (PS 20)orPurchase accredited marked lumberPlant health marks used to maintain traceability
6 U.S. W.P. Production Certified W.P. compliant when: Produced from HT grade marked lumberorConstructed from non-heat treated lumber which once in W.P. form is heat treated in an approved chamberAllows producer to apply ISPM 15 compliant mark
7 Overview of Canadian System Performance basedTwo regulatory documents specify requirement for facilities/auditorsOutlines standards for accreditation of auditors and facilitiesAdministrative and legal requirementsApplication, management commitment to compliance, etc.Operate under a Quality PlanHeat treatment processesW.P. production
8 Canadian W.P. Production Produced from CFIA certified woodKD or HT (56°C/30 min.)orMBr. treated wood (not widely used)Recycled from certified W.P. and/or certified wood
9 Canadian Requirements Treatment schedules must be developed/equivalent to generic processMonitor and record of treatment processesMonitoring/testing of equipmentRecords and documentationSegregation (domestic/ export)Actions to deal with non-conforming/non-compliant productsTraining/training recordsSource of treated wood
10 Overview of Mexican System Prescriptive requirementsFacility must comply with minimum treatment standardsNOM-144-SEMARNAT-2003SEMARNAT inspects facilities and verifies treatment and traceability compliance
11 Mexican Standards for W.P. SEMARNAT verifies facility production of H.T. through direct testingSpecific requirements for heat chambers (air circulation, measurement of temperatures, moisture control, etc.)Most facilities produce both H.T. and W.P.Requirements to maintain records attesting to ongoing production using H.T. wood.
12 Controlling Wood Packaging Imports Canada adopted ISPM 15 in January 2004US adopted in September 2004,Mexico in January 2005ISPMHT or MBrNPPO oversightSlight technical distinctions between the threeRevision to existing policy document D which required bark and pest freedom without specific certification.Original controls demonstrated that pest loads associated with W.P. imports were significant.Current requirements in line with ISPM 15.Controls applied to all countries but the U.S.Controls on the U.S. are achieved through pest specific policies (i.e. regulatory controls for PSB, GM, SOD, etc.)Adoption of current requirements followed WTO notification, nine months prior (March 2003)
13 Controlling Wood Packaging Imports Staged Enforcement StrategySeptember 16th 2005 all move to hard enforcement of non-compliant shipmentsTo keep in line with other NAPPO members, CFIA has taken a soft enforcement strategyControl of pests (treatment or disposal of infested materialNotification of non-compliant importers that they must comply with requirements in the future.Canada will move to hard enforcement once other NAPPO members are ready to apply ISPM 15.Hard enforcement will include refusal of the commodity to enter Canada.
14 Inspection Methodology Review of manifested goodsBorder surveillanceMexico: distinction of border material vs moving inlandInstructions to border services (Customs, etc.)High risk material re-directed for inspectionBreakdown inspections carried outInland inspections – destination inspectionsStrategy for various inspection avenues is listed.Customs watches = targeting of frequently non-compliant importersBreakdown inspections are carried out at customs terminals. These are thorough inspections of containers for a variety of reasons including inspection for non-compliant wood packaging.Port staff review incoming manifests of goods in transit. They will notify inland offices of shipments moving within Canada, and inspections can be carried out at suffrage warehouses.
15 Canadian Example: Sealed Container is Re-directed for Inspection Start of typical inspection process.CFIA reviews manifests at one of our port offices. Once a high risk commodity is identified, CFIA notifies Canada Customs that orders the container re-directed to an inspection station.
16 Gas Testing1. Inspector verifies that the container is safe to open using a MBr measuring device (drager tube).
17 Material is Offloaded for Inspection 3. Importer pays the cost of off-loading the material
20 Inspection1. Heavy materials are lifted onto inspection platforms, where the bottom of the material can be inspected.
21 Inspection of Port Dunnage 2. Port inspectors order ports to retain dunnage in closed bins, until they are inspected. If compliant the wood is allowed to be re-used, if not, the material is ordered disposed off.
22 Education2. Various education efforts are employed. Here signs are placed at port areas to prevent dock hands from removing dunnage before inspection. Other items of education include: the CFIA website, pamphlets targeting brokers and importers, articles in association (e.g. Canadian Manufacturers Association, Canadian Brokers and Agents, Chambers of Shipping, etc.) publications.
23 Further InformationCanadian Food Inspection Agency:Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos NaturalesAnimal Plant Health Inspection Service: