18 In mountainous regions, altitude is more important than latitude. Temperature of the air decreases as the altitude increases.
19 Distance from Water Oceans moderate the temperature of an area. Water heats up and coolsdown more slowlythan the land.
20 Marine Climates Have warm winters and cool summers. Found on the west coasts of Northand South America.
21 Continental Climates Areas of land far inland. Have extreme temperatures.Winters are coldand summersare hot.
22 Ocean CurrentsCurrents are streams of water within the oceans that move in regular patterns.
23 Warm Currents Carry warm water from the tropics toward the poles. Brings warm air to the land.Gulf Stream – a warm current that gives England a warm, wet climate.
24 Cold Currents Bring cold water from the poles to the Equator. Brings cool air to theland they move by.California Current – a cold current that flows south from Alaska and makes the West Coast climate cooler than expected.