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Influence Characteristics Federal Court System Selection How it works? 10 20 30 40 50 40 30 20 10 50 40 30 20 10 50 40 30 20 10 50 40 30 20 10
QUESTION: What court brings two parties with conflicts before an impartial arbiter, or judge ANSWER: Adversarial
QUESTION: What it the court’s authority to hear a case? ANSWER: Jurisdiction
QUESTION: Jurisdiction in which case is first heard? ANSWER: Original
QUESTION: What is the jurisdiction in which court hears a case from a lower court? ANSWER: Appellate
QUESTION: What type of jurisdiction can only be heard in certain courts? ANSWER: Exclusive
QUESTION: What is a court mentioned in the constitution? ANSWER: Supreme Court
QUESTION: Who can create all other courts beside the Supreme Court? ANSWER: Congress
QUESTION: How many district courts are staffed? ANSWER: 94
QUESTION: This court reviews cases from the United States courts of appeals and state supreme courts ANSWER: Supreme Court
QUESTION: What percent of cases in district courts end in trials? ANSWER: 2%
QUESTION: Federal judges are appointed by ANSWER: The President
QUESTION: Federal Judges are confirmed by ANSWER: Majority vote in senate
QUESTION: What does ABA stand for? ANSWER: American Bar Association
QUESTION: Name one of two Nomination criteria ANSWER: Competence or Ideology or policy preferences
QUESTION: Who is the first Hispanic Supreme Court justice ANSWER: Sonia Sotomayor
QUESTION: What is the rule that requires 4 justices to agree to hear the case? ANSWER: Rule of Four
QUESTION: How long can attorneys present their case in oral arguments? ANSWER: 30 minutes
QUESTION: Opinion of the Court ANSWER: Majority Opinion
QUESTION: Supports the majority opinion but stresses different constitutional or legal reasons for reaching the judgement. ANSWER: Concurring Opinion
QUESTION: “Friend of Court” briefs ANSWER: Amicus Curiae
QUESTION: Advocates of __________________ argue that the Supreme Court should use precedent and the Framers’ original intent to decide cases. ANSWER: Judicial Restraint
QUESTION: Court case in which judicial review was established ANSWER: Marbury v Madison.
QUESTION: “Let the decision stand” ANSWER: Stare decisis
QUESTION: Court reversed the decision that separate but equal was constitutional in this case. ANSWER: Brown v. Board of Education
QUESTION: Advocates of _______________ argue that federal courts must correct injustices when other branches fail to do so. ANSWER: Judicial Activism
The Federal Courts Chapter 16.
The Federal Courts Chapter 16. The Nature of the Judicial System Introduction: – Two types of cases: Criminal Law: The government charges and individual.
The Federal Courts.
The Federal Courts. The Nature of the Judicial System Introduction: – Two types of cases: Criminal Law: The government charges and individual with violating.
Vocabulary Chapter 8- Judicial Branch
Chapter 18 Review. Cases that are only heard in federal court 1.Original Jurisdiction 2.Appellate Jurisdiction 3.Exclusive Jurisdiction 4.Precedent.
THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM Chapter 18. The Judicial System Articles of Confederation did not set up a national judicial system Major weakness of the Articles.
Warmup 3/2/12 What kind of judgments do you have to make in your daily life? How do you make these judgments? How do you think this parallels what.
The Supreme Court/ The Supreme Court at Work
CH 10: The American Legal System and the Courts
The Federal Court System
Courts in the American Political System. Courts Serve a Number of Broad Functions Interpretation of Statutory and Administrative Law Development and.
The United States Supreme Court. Function: ◦ Ensures uniformity in interpreting national laws ◦ Resolves conflicts among states ◦ Maintains national.
The Federal Courts Agenda Quiz Overview of the Judicial Court System
The Federal Courts Chapter 16. Levels of Federal Courts.
Judicial Branch Test Review. Supreme Court What is the highest court in the Country?
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