Presentation on theme: "WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 1 |1 | WHO Technical Briefing Seminar Geneva 01- 05 November 2010. WHO Collaboration with."— Presentation transcript:
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 1 |1 | WHO Technical Briefing Seminar Geneva 01- 05 November 2010. WHO Collaboration with Countries on Pharmaceutical Policies Dr Gilles Forte Essential Medicines and Pharmaceutical Policies
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 2 |2 | Regional Office AFRO Regional Office EMRO Regional Office EURO Regional Office WPRO Regional Office SEARO Regional Office AMRO WHO: 193 Member States 6 Regional Offices (Source: http://www.who.int/about/regions/en/index.html) WHO HQ Geneva
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 3 |3 | Coordination mechanisms for a sustainable collaboration with countries WHO HSS EMP AFRO AMRO EMRO EURO SEARO WPRO
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 4 |4 | WHO Country Medicines Advisers and Collaborating Centres Collaborating Centre Medicines Adviser
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 5 |5 | The WHO Country Medicines Advisers Network for Africa Assessing national medicines needs & priorities; Planning, implementing, monitoring WHO interventions; Facilitating coordination of partners; Contributing to WHO Regional work on medicines and health systems; Medicines Advisers in 15 countries in Africa for: Burundi Cameroon Central African Rep. Chad Congo Democratic Rep. of the Congo Ethiopia Ghana Kenya Mali Nigeria Rwanda Senegal Uganda United Rep. of Tanzania EAC UEMOA CEMAC SADC
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 6 |6 | Key principles for collaboration with countries Country ownership - planning & implementation is country led - based on country needs and priorities; Technical collaboration with countries: -for building evidence base and quality information; -for sound policies, good practices and advocacy; -for strengthening pharmaceutical systems & capacity; Sustainability and continuity; Promoting regional and subregional collaboration and integration; Promoting efficient coordination of partners, synergies and aid effectiveness.
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 7 |7 | Collaboration framework Millennium Development Goals 2000-2015 – Goal 4, 5, 6 & 8; Resolutions of the World Health Assembly – Endorsed by WHA; WHO Medium Term Strategic Plan 2008 - 2013 - Endorsed by WHA; Regional Declarations endorsed by Member States e.g. Abuja, Ougadougou, Talinn etc. Priorities set by the Director General WHO Medicines Strategy 2008 -13 : - Information and Policy –Access –Quality and Safety –Rational Use Multi Country Programmes e.g. EC/ACP/WHO; MeTA; etc.
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 8 |8 | Partnership with ACP countries on Pharmaceutical Policies
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 9 |9 | National Medicines Policy
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 10 | Medicines regulation and quality assurance
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 11 | Monitoring availability and pricing of medicines (Uganda)
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 12 | Selection and rational use of medicines
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 13 | The EC/ACP/WHO Partnership: collaboration with Sudan The National Medicines Policy was updated in 2005. An assessment of the Pharmaceutical Sector was carried out in 2007 and a Pharmaceutical Country Profile was developed in 2010. A survey on medicines prices was carried out and, as a result, advocacy work was conducted to reduce taxes on medicines and increase public funding. The effectiveness of the drug revolving fund as a mechanism for financing medicines was assessed. The supply system was evaluated and strengthened through the establishment of a national forecasting and surveillance unit, the purchase of IT material and training of personnel. The situation of human resources for the pharmaceutical sector has been assessed. The Adverse Drug Reaction Centre has been supported. Software Vigiflow has been purchased. The National Quality Control Laboratory (NDQCL) was assessed and personnel was trained on use of equipment. The Medicines Regulatory System was assessed in 2008. Software SIAMED for registration installed. Guidelines for quality assurance developed in July 2006 and personnel trained. Guidelines and SOPs for key regulatory activities developed. Equipment and training provided to inspectors. A number of training sessions and workshops held to promote rational use of medicines.
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 14 | The EC/ACP/WHO Partnership: collaboration with the Caribbean Support provided to carry out pharmaceutical sector surveys (Level 1 2007,Facility and Household surveys in Barbados, Jamaica, Saint Lucia and Suriname), regional meta analysis (report published in 2009) and development of regional medicines policy (June 2010 draft available); Support provided to the Caribbean Regional Network of Pharmaceutical Procurement and Supply Management Authorities (CARIPROSUM). The network includes the Organization of Eastern Caribbean Countries Pool Procurement Service (OECS/ PPS) which received support through training sessions, participation to workshops and assessment of its procurement system. Support was provided for the assessment of Medicines Regulatory Authorities and establishment of regulators network as part of PANDRH; Information on counterfeit medicines was collected and a position paper with options for actions was developed. A campaign was conducted in 2008-9 to sensitize the public; The Caribbean Regional Drug Testing Laboratory (Jamaica) was supported and used to conduct training courses. The laboratory is currently working to achieve WHO pre-qualification status. A regional network for Pharmacovigilance (VIGICARIB) was established in 2008 for monitoring of adverse drug reactions.
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 15 | Synergies for increased efficiency and aid effectiveness in countries Opportunities for synergies in countries: –With programmes aimed at supporting countries to deliver on MDGs 4, 5 and 6 e.g. GFATM etc. –With other initiatives for improving access to medicines (e.g. Medicines Transparency Alliance (MeTA), Southern Africa Regional Programme on Access to Medicines (SARPAM) etc.; –With other activities aimed at strengthening health systems and improve coordination of development partners e.g. EC/WHO on HRH; NHPSP; IHP+;
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 16 | DFID/ WHO/HAI-A Regional Collaboration MoH Pharm Dept Ghana, Kenya, Uganda WHO Country Medicines Adviser HAI Africa Collaboration to improve policies and practices for access to medicines
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 17 | 17 MeTA multi stakeholders approach Ministries & Gov. agencies Civil society Private sector Int. institutions DPs Pharmaceutical companies (generic and patent) Access to more information on medicines needs Active role in national policy agenda Visibility & concerned by public health issues Address quality matters Improve health systems efficiency & access to medicines Commitment to good governance & transparency agenda Promote multi stakeholders inclusive approach Active role in national policy agenda Supportive environment for advocacy Financial and other support Improved dialogue with public and private sectors Good governance agenda Tackle corruption Increase access to medicines Support responsible business Promote transparency & good governance agenda Improve health systems efficiency & access to medicines Wholesales, distributors, retailers Access to more information Opportunity for building capacity & improve business practices Active role in policy agenda
WHO-Technical Briefing Seminar | 03 November 2010 Gilles Forte 18 | Some readings WHO Medicines Programme Coordination (MPC) web page http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/coordination/en/index.html Evaluation of WHO/DFID/HAI Regional collaboration for Action on Essential Medicines in Africa http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s16564e/s16564e.pdf Evaluation of the Government, civil society and WHO Partnership http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s16564e/s16564e.pdf Medicines Transparency Alliance (MeTA) web pages http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/coordination/meta/en/index.html MeTA assessment report (summary): http://www.medicinestransparency.org/fileadmin/uploads/Documents/Evaluation/MeTA_Evaluation_Summary_Report.pdfttp://www.medicinestransparency.org/fileadmin/uploads/Documents/Evaluation/MeTA_Evaluation_Summary_Report.pdf EC-ACP-WHO Partnership web pages http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/coordination/ecacpwho_partnership/en/index.html Web page on Medicines Adviser in the African Region (key products available): http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/coordination/medicinesadvisers/en/index.html