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Training for rotavirus vaccine introduction Module 4 Rotavirus vaccine administration.

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Presentation on theme: "Training for rotavirus vaccine introduction Module 4 Rotavirus vaccine administration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Training for rotavirus vaccine introduction Module 4 Rotavirus vaccine administration

2 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 2 |2 | Learning objectives At the end of the module, the participant will be able to: –Identify the necessary steps to assure good vaccine quality –Describe the method to administer the vaccine –Describe special considerations for outreach Duration –45

3 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 3 |3 | How to check the quality of the vaccine? 1 1 How to prepare for vaccination? 2 2 What to do if the child spits part of the vaccine out? 4 4 Key issues How to administer the vaccine? 3 3

4 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 4 |4 | Before administering the vaccine, you need to check the Vaccine Vial Monitor (VVM) on the tube cap How to check the quality of the vaccine? (1/2) Stage 1: Vaccine OK Stage 2: Vaccine OK but use first Stage 1: Do not use the vaccine

5 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 5 |5 | How to check the quality of the vaccine? (2/2) Before administering the vaccine, always check the expiration date on the tube cap

6 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 6 |6 | What should you do in this scenario? The vaccine vial monitor shows that the inner square is lighter than the ring (= stage 2). What should you do?

7 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 7 |7 | Pull off the cap from the tube Clear the fluid from the upper part of the tube by tapping the tube How to prepare for vaccination? (1/4)

8 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 8 |8 | How to prepare for vaccination? (2/4) Turn the cap upside-down and place the cap vertically onto the tip seal Insert the tip seal into the small hole in the top of the cap

9 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 9 |9 | How to prepare for vaccination? (3/4) Twist the cap in the direction of the arrow (clockwise) to remove the tip seal Do not snap off tip seal as may fall inside the tube

10 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 10 | How to prepare for vaccination? (4/4) Ensure that a hole clearly appears at the top of the tube Ensure that the detached tip seal is inside the top of the cap Before administration of the vaccine, make a final visual inspection to ensure that the tip has not fallen inside the tube

11 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 11 | Video on how to open the Rotavirus vaccine tube

12 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 12 | While opening the Rotarix TM tube to administer the vaccine, the tip seal is accidentally pushed into the tube solution. What should you do? What should you do in this scenario?

13 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 13 | Can rotavirus vaccine be given at the same time as other childhood vaccines? Rotavirus vaccine can be administered with any of the following routine childhood vaccines without interfering with their effectiveness: –Diphtheria–tetanus–pertussis vaccine (DTP) –Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine (Hib) –Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) –Hepatitis B vaccine –Pneumococcal vaccine –Oral polio vaccine (OPV) Give oral vaccines like OPV and rotavirus vaccine first, then give other injectable childhood vaccines

14 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 14 | The child is 6 weeks old. You give him/her OPV, rotavirus and pentavalent vaccines. In which order should you give the vaccines? What should you do in this scenario?

15 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 15 | The child should be seated in a semi reclining position to take the vaccine orally How to position the child for rotavirus vaccination?

16 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 16 | How to position the vaccine? Open the childs mouth by gently pressing the cheeks together Angle the tube towards the inner cheek

17 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 17 | How to administer the vaccine? Administer the vaccine by pressing the tube –Squeeze the tube slowly Make sure the child is swallowing the vaccine –Hold the cheeks together and stroke him/her under the chin to help with swallowing

18 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 18 | What to do if the infant spits out part of the vaccine? A dose of rotavirus vaccine is larger than a dose of oral polio vaccine (Rotarix = 1.5 mL, Polio= 3 drops) To prevent spitting –Place the tip of the tube towards the inside of the child's cheek –Slowly administer the vaccine in small portions A replacement dose may be given if an incomplete dose is administered for any reason –E.g. infant spits or regurgitates the vaccine

19 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 19 | How many vials to take for outreach? Rotavirus vaccine can be given at the same time as pentavalent vaccine For outreach take the same amount of pentavalent single dose vials as rotavirus vaccine tubes Unused and sealed rotavirus tubes brought back from outreach should be immediately kept in the refrigerator for use in the next session 30 single doses

20 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 20 | Key messages Check and interpret vaccine vial monitor and check expiration date on the tube cap before giving the vaccine When opening the rotavirus vaccine tube, twist the tube cap clockwise to remove the tip seal Give the OPV and rotavirus vaccine first, then administer other injectable vaccines The rotavirus vaccine dose quantity is larger than that of oral polio vaccine (Rotarix1.5 mL) and infants may not take the full dose all at once –To prevent spitting, slowly administer the vaccine in small amounts and properly place the tip of the tube towards the inside of the child's cheek –If the infant spits out some or all of the vaccine, a replacement dose maybe given again during that visit

21 Rotavirus vaccine administration, Module 4 | 21 February 2014 21 | End of module Thank you for your attention!


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