Presentation on theme: "G GARD Nan Shan Zhong C China. The first ten leading causes of death in urban China (2003) RankDiseaseMortality(per 10 5 ) 1Malignant tumor134.5 2Cerebrovascular."— Presentation transcript:
Shaoguan Guangzhou Shaoguan rural (northern part of Guangdong province) and Guangzhou city (the capital city of Guangdong province) of China was selected to be studied. Total 3449 subjects investigated, response rate 81.3%.
Comparison of COPD prevalence in smoker and non-smoker in Guangdong province P<0.01, compared with Guangzhou; * P<0.01, compared with Non- smoke; P<0.05, compared with Non-smoke.; ** P<0.01, compared with Non-smoke; OR=2.723(2.145-3.456). GuangzhouShaoguanTotal male female total Male female total male female total male female total Non- smoker smoker 13.8 7.2 7.8 6.1 10.7 2.7 4.9 13.8 7.2 7.8 11.3 4.9 6.1 18.9 0 18.8 * 15.1 ** 16.4 4.2 11.9 * 18.9 0 18.8 * 17.9 * 4.1 15.1 **
+:with biomass or cigarette exposure; – without biomass or cigarette exposure compared with (4) p 0.017, compared with (4) p 0.000 ** compared with (3) p 0.003, * compared with (4) p 0.000 compared with (3) P 0.000, compared with (2) P 0.001 Exposure factor biomass / cigarette smoking Prevalence in corresponding exposure factor (1) Biomass(+)/cigarette smoking(+) 19.3 * (2) Biomass(-)/cigarette smoking(+) 12.3 ** (3) Biomass(+)/cigarette smoking(-) 7.7 (4) Biomass(-)/cigarette smoking(-) 5.1 Association between COPD prevalence and exposure to biomass and cigarette smoking
(432500 population in 31 cities) National Cooperative Group of Children Asthma Current Asthma Prevalence of Children (0-14yrs) in China
1 GINA Treatment Guideline No (or minimal) need for emergency hospital visit/hospitalization China Survey Findings 33% had visited the emergency room at hospital in the past year 16% of these patients had been hospitalized during the previous year Summary of Hospital and Emergency Visits for Asthma in Past Year
Have Lost Work/School Days in the Past Year Due to Asthma GINA Treatment Guidelines No missed school or work China Survey Findings Up to 25%(20%) missed work (school) because of asthma in the past year
CRD in China Current patients COPD 32.8 millions Asthma 39.0 millions Deaths 1.6 millions
Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRD) Are a Major Burden in China
Distribution of economic status areas depending on the global country income Luxembourg ($69056/ 1) U.S. U.S.($42076/7) Japan Japan($36486/10) Korea($14649/34) Brazil($3311/77) Turkey($4437/66) Thailand($2807/84) China($1352/112) Burundi($123/179) Burma($135/176) Russia($4750/63) India($652/133) The International Monetary Fund IMF(2005) Country (GDP per capita/rank)
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