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Indicators based on patents Science and Technology Indicators for EULARINET Analysis of patent collaborations between Latin American and European countries.

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Presentation on theme: "Indicators based on patents Science and Technology Indicators for EULARINET Analysis of patent collaborations between Latin American and European countries."— Presentation transcript:

1 Indicators based on patents Science and Technology Indicators for EULARINET Analysis of patent collaborations between Latin American and European countries Armando Albert, Luis M. Plaza, Begoña Granadino & Esther García-Carpintero Instituto de Estudios Documentales sobre Ciencia y Tecnología (IEDCYT) Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (CCHS) Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) ILN, INCO-NET COORDINATORS INDICATORS WORKSHOP 2009 Madrid, October 8 th & 9 th

2 Objective To obtain a set of patent indicators in order to determine the technological performance of Latin-American countries and their collaborations with European countries along the period The study considers both issued and patent applications. Indicators based on patents 2

3 Methodology –Sources of data: United States Patents and Trademark Office (USPTO) and European Patent Office (EPO) databases. –Patents of Latin-American countries have been obtained by a search strategy which includes the corresponding codes of the countries in Inventor Country Name (ICN) field and the publication years ( ). Assignee Country Name (ACN) has also been considered. –International Patent Classification (IPC) has been used for subject analysis. 3

4 Indicators based on patents Main indicators: –Number of patents (issued & applications) by LA country on a yearly basis. –Annual evolution of the number of patent documents by LA country. –Percentage of LA patents compared to the world output by year. –Technological specialization profile of the LA countries according to IPC as percentage distribution of patents. –Visibility of LA-EU collaborative patents as cites per patent. 4

5 5 USPTO patentsEPO patents CountryICN PatentsACN PatentICN PatentsCAN Patent Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Repub Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta The Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden UK Totals Indicators based on patents

6 USPTO patents (Issued patents) EPO patents (Issued and Application patents) CountryICN PatentsACN PatentsICN PatentsACN Patents Argentina Belize0000 Bolivia5061 Brasil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominican Rep Ecuador26294 El Salvador73160 Guatemala22520 Honduras4010 Mexico Nicaragua0020 Panamá Paraguay0021 Peru20491 Uruguay Venezuela Total Results –Technological output of LA Countries ICN= INVENTOR COUNTRY NAME ACN= ASSIGNEE COUNTRY NAME 6

7 7 Indicators based on patents –Number of patent in Collaboration between Latin-American and European countries and percentage respect of domestic patents USPTO patents (Issued)EPO patents (Issued and Applications) CountryICN Patents (%)ACN Patents (%)ICN Patents (%)ACN Patents (%) Argentina 26 (4.6)28 (4.9)20 (8.3)5 (2.1) Bolivia 4 (80)3 (-)1 (16.6)1 (100) Brazil 5 (0.7)16 (2.4)26(2.5)37 (3.6) Chile 10 (8.1)11 (32.3)9 (5.6)12 (25) Colombia 2 (4.9)2 (13.3)3 (8.6)3 (13.6) Costa Rica 2 (4.8)1 (2.4)4 (22.2)3 (7.3) Dominican Rep. --1 (12.5)- Ecuador 2 (7.7)3 (150)3 (33.3)1 (33.3) El Salvador --11 (68.7)9 (56.2) Guatemala ---- México 59 (7.5)30 (3.8)20 (5.1)5 (1.3) Nicaragua ---- Panamá -1 (11.1)1 (7.1)- Paraguay --1 (50) Peru 003 (33.3)3 (100) Uruguay --11 (28.9)9 (23.7) Venezuela 9 (5.4)8 (12.3)7 (18.9)1 (14.3) Total of Latin American Countries 119 (4.7)103 (8.5)112 (5.6)83 (9.2) ICN= INVENTOR COUNTRY NAME ACN= ASSIGNEE COUNTRY NAME Results

8 8 Indicators based on patents Results European countries with ICN patents in collaboration with LA Countries 191 Patents in collaboration (European inventors + LA inventors)

9 Indicators based on patents Results – Percentage of Technological Output of LA Countries EPO & USPTO patent documents issued and applications patents

10 Indicators based on patents Percentage of Technological output in USPTO Database (ICN patents) Percentage of Technological output in EPO Database (ICN patents) 10

11 Indicators based on patents Results – Percentage of Technological specialization for Latin-American Countries 11

12 Indicators based on patents Country No. ICN Patents No. patents EU-LA Cites per patent Cites per EU- LA patents Cites EU-LA Patents/ Total cites patents LA Argentina ,80,5 0,3 Bolivia 500,0 Brazil 86129,40,0 1,0 Chile ,9 0,8 Colombia 41300,60,5 0,0 Costa Rica 3840,0 4,3 Dominican Rep. 1231,14,7 0,0 Ecuador 2602,70,0 1,5 El Salvador 761,72,5 0,0 Guatemala 2203,70,0 Honduras 401,90,0 Mexico ,5 2,4 1,6 Panama 901,00,0 Peru 2000,0 Uruguay 1313,40,0 Venezuela 16700,0 0,5 Results –Technological Impact of other Latin-American countries 12 Source of data: USPTO database

13 Indicators based on patents Concluding Remarks -Strong dissymmetry in patenting. -Few LA-EU collaborative patents. -The Latin American countries with major number of patents -as inventors- are Brazil, Mexico and Argentina, representing 81% of total LA patents. -Germany, France and United Kingdom are the European countries with higher number of patents in collaboration with LA countries. -Patents of Latin American countries in collaboration with European countries are mainly related to Medical preparations (IPC code A61K). -Dominican Rep. and Mexico are the countries with major impact of patents in collaboration with European countries. 13

14 Conclusions Bibliometric and patent indicators evidence an important gap between scientific and technological production, in terms of collaboration between Latin-American and European countries during the period analyzed. Indicators shows that there is a strong base for the establishment of bonds in technological production between Latin-American and European countries. For this objective is necessary to design new policies for strengthening the technological cooperation between both regions. 14 Indicators based on patents

15 Some suggestions… To understand the key determinants of LA-EU cooperation in science & technology, is essential to contextualize indicators. In order to select future partners, an in deep analysis of scientific and technological capabilities and opportunities should be done. … to design new policies for strengthening the scientific and technological cooperation between both regions. 15 Indicators based on patents

16 16 Indicators based on patents European patents with inventors from Argentina (USPTO and EPO databases). Country USPTOEPO Total Patents AssigneeInventors PCI Code Total Patents AssigneeInventorsPCI Code France 1059A61K000- Germany 440A61M332A61B Italy 12310F16L17 3A47L Spain 532C07C000- The Netherlands 881A61K000- UK 836A01N000 Total ARGENTINA (550 ICN patents in USPTO and EPO database)

17 17 Indicators based on patents Country USPTOEPO Total Patents AssigneeInventors PCI Code Total Patents AssigneeInventorsPCI Code Belgium H04L Denmark France 303A61K737 Germany H04L Italy Spain 101A61B Sweden The Netherlands 443B01J (2)552 UK 817C08F211 Total European patents with inventors patents from Brazil (USPTO and EPO databases) Brazil (1882 ICN patents in USPTO and EPO database)

18 18 Indicators based on patents CountryUSPTOEPO Total Patents AssigneeInventors PCI Code Total Patents AssigneeInventorsPCI Code Austria212A23L Denmark110 Finland222B01D111 France101A61B000- Germany880C22B989 Ireland101B01D101 Italia101A61B000- Romania303E21B000- Spain101A61K000- Sweden111A61K The Netherlands111C08G UK202B01D/A61K101 Total Chile (228 ICN patents in USPTO and EPO database) European patents with inventors patents from Chile (USPTO and EPO databases)

19 19 Indicators based on patents CountryUSPTOEPO Total Patents AssigneeInventors PCI Code Total Patents AssigneeInventorsPCI Code Austria 101F16L000 Belgium 212B65D332A61B Denmark 323C12N17 3A47L France 20167G01C000- Germany 14 0A01N000- Italy 101A61K000- Spain 303C12P000- Sweden 19 5H04Q000- The Netherlands 331C07C000- UK 947G01D000- Total Mexico (1124 ICN patents in USPTO and EPO database) European patents with inventors patents from Chile (USPTO and EPO databases) Mexico 66% US 18% None 10% Germany 1% France 1% UK 1% Canada 1% Spain 1% Otros 2% Inventors Countries of patents with inventors of Mexico

20 20 Indicators based on patents CountryUSPTOEPO Total Patents AssigneeInventors PCI Code Total Patents AssigneeInventorsPCI Code Belgium C09K Finland 110H04B France 333C12N431C09K Italy 333C12B Spain 110C07C Sweden 110H03M The Netherlands 1201G06K330C09K UK 101G06F Total Venezuela (1124 ICN patents in USPTO and EPO database) European patents with inventors patents from Chile (USPTO and EPO databases)


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