# SCIENCE Center Grove Middle School North

## Presentation on theme: "SCIENCE Center Grove Middle School North"— Presentation transcript:

SCIENCE Center Grove Middle School North
MEASUREMENT SCIENCE Center Grove Middle School North

Earliest System Of Measurements & Weights

Genesis 6:15 " The length of the Ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits." Span Foot

Bronze Age 3000 BC- 2500BC, people of Indus Valley , Egypt and Mesopotamia.

Indus Valley

Why do we need a uniform system of measurement?

Timeline of countries that changed over to
the SI units of measurement. Identify the three countries that have not changed to this system. USA, Liberia, & Burma

Measurement Describe the world using numbers
Types of Measurement include: Distance, time, speed, volume, mass… Measurement can also help describe events

Metric System Called the International System of Units or SI
Decimal system based on 10’s Prefixes include: Milli (1/1000th) Deci (1/10th) Kilo (1000)

Metric System Used by scientists all over the world to measure length, volume, mass, weight, density, and temperature. King Hector Doesn’t Usually Drink Chocolate Milk KILO HECTO DEKA UNIT DECI CENTI MILLI

Precision and Accuracy
Precision is the closeness of repeated measurements to each other. Accuracy is the closeness of a measured or derived data value to its true value. precise = repeatable accurate = true Discovery Video Clip

Precision and Accuracy
Significant digits are necessary when calculating DON’T COUNT Zeros at the end of the number without a decimal (ex. 1300) OR Zeros at the beginning of a decimal (ex ). Video Clip When adding or subtracting, use the smallest number of decimal places. Example: + 3.1 7.687 Decimal places = 3 Decimal places = 1 Answer in significant digits = 7.7

Precision and Accuracy
Scientific notation is used so large numbers are easier to understand. Move the decimal point until only 1 nonzero number remains on the left. Count the number of places you moved the decimal and use that number as a power of ten Examples: = x 1010 = 4.5 x 10-7 43289 = x 104

Length Distance from one point to another METER (M) is the basic unit
1M = 100cm 1M = 1000mm 1km = 1000M

Volume Amount of space an object takes up
Liter (L) is the basic unit of LIQUID volume Cubic centimeter (cm3) is the basic unit of SOLID volume

Mass Amount of matter in an object Gram (g) is the basic unit

Weight Amount of attraction between two objects due to gravity
Newton (N) is the basic unit MASS AND WEIGHT ARE NOT THE SAME!

Density Mass per unit volume of a substance g/mL is the basic unit
Formula: Density = Mass divided by Volume Density = g/mL Density of water is 1gram/milliliter If an object’s density is less then one it will float. If an object’s density is greater then one it will sink.

Temperature Measure of hotness and coldness
Celsius (C°) is the basic unit Water freezes at 0° degree Celsius and boils at 100° degrees Celsius.