Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer! Which nation do you think is most likely to fight with Britain over territory in North America? Why?"— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer! Which nation do you think is most likely to fight with Britain over territory in North America? Why?
Rivals in North America French and British settlers compete for land and resources Ohio River Valley – French build forts to protect claims
Native Americans choose sides Many tribes lived in the regions the Europeans were settling Tribes competed for land and resources IROQUOIS HURON ALGONQUINS
Trading led to alliances (or partnerships) between Native Americans and Europeans When the British and French go to war, their Native American allies do the same
Washington Attacks! British fur traders begin moving west into Ohio River Valley Washington goes west to confront the French He is sent back again to build a fort but the French beat him to it building Fort Duquesne (DOO-CANE)
Washington Attacks! Washington and his men surprise the French and attack the fort Washington builds a makeshift fort – Fort Necessity The French counterattack, surround the fort and capture Washington – he is later released
Bell Ringer! What was the conflict that caused the French and Indian War? French determination to halt westward expansion by the British What did Ben Franklin want the colonies to do? (page 143) Why did the colonial assemblies vote down his plan?
Albany Plan of Union Delegates (or representatives) from the colonies meet in Albany, New York to discuss a plan to defeat the French http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmMosY yqYDk
Struggles for British The British are attacked by French and their Native American allies Many British defeats
British success Best English generals are sent to America They begin to seize French forts –Fort Duquesne is renamed Fort Pitt – (later becomes Pittsburg) Later seize other French forts - Fort Niagara, Crown Point, Fort Ticonderoga, etc..
British Take Quebec Quebec was the capital of New France Quebec sat on a cliff above St. Lawrence river “Plains of Abraham” 4,000 British troops were able to climb an unguarded path up the cliff at night to surprise the French
End of war… Quebec is surrendered to British Within a year, the British win the war
Treaty of Paris End of French power in North America_ End of French power in North America_ All lands east of the Mississippi are claimed by British British relationships with Native Americans quickly deteriorate
“You and the French are like the two edges of a pair of shears. And we are the cloth which is to be cut to pieces between them” Whose perspective is this? How can you tell? What does the metaphor mean?
Pontiac’s War Native American attack on English settlers and forts – (near Detroit area) Attacked 12 forts, captured 8
Review of events – Place in chronological order - Albany Plan of Union - Albany Plan of Union -George Washington fires on French fort -Treaty of Paris -Pontiac’s War -Heavy British losses -1 - George Washington fires on French fort -2 – Albany Plan of Union -3 – Heavy British losses -4 - Treaty of Paris -5 – Pontiac’s War