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A comparative and disciplinary approach J-P. Lardy *, S. Dalhoumi, O. Larouk * Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 – Villeurbanne France ENSSIB URSIDOC –

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Presentation on theme: "A comparative and disciplinary approach J-P. Lardy *, S. Dalhoumi, O. Larouk * Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 – Villeurbanne France ENSSIB URSIDOC –"— Presentation transcript:

1 A comparative and disciplinary approach J-P. Lardy *, S. Dalhoumi, O. Larouk * Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 – Villeurbanne France ENSSIB URSIDOC – Villeurbanne France EAHIL 2006 CLUJ Open Access to Electronic Documentation at Lyon 1 University

2 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL2 I - Introduction The community of scientists and librarians formalized the main principles of OA in the Declaration of Budapest on February 14, 2002, followed by Bethesda and Berlin. The Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) encourages researchers and universities to use the two additional ways that are: –archiving servers and –open access journals.

3 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL3 Introduction 2 But the social appropriation of these principles is not immediate and varies: –from one country to the other, –from one institution to the other, –from one discipline to the other. France is characterized by an important delay and the total absence of directives of the concerned ministries.

4 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL4 2006, year of the change However in March, 2006 a draft agreement for an approach coordinated at the national level of the open archiving of the scientific production was signed between public research agencies, the Conference of University Presidents (CPU), the Conference des Grandes Ecoles and the Institut Pasteur. At the first, the University of Lyon 2 signed in April, 2006 the Berlin Declaration.

5 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL5 The HAL structure of the CCSD France offers a unique centralized archive: HAL. http://hal.ccsd.cnrs.fr The first realizations are coming out: HAL-INSERM for biomedical research HAL-INRIA for data processing HAL-SHS for Human and Society Sciences … Into this archive, each university may offer a personalized sight of its scientific production.

6 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL6 II - The University Claude Bernard LYON 1 LYON 1: a scientific and medical multidisciplinary university 102 units of research 3,500 persons including 2,000 teachers and researchers and 1,300 doctoral students in 2005 it welcomed over 30,000 students.

7 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL7 The university library proposes access to data bases for over 25 years access to the collections of electronic newspapers began in 2000 in 2005 the SCD had subscriptions to 7,516 charged titles of electronic periodicals (1,513 paper titles), it represented a budget of about 1 million

8 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL8 Use of the electronic library nearly 860,000 downloading from the collections of periodicals (progress of 25 % with regard to 2004) about 110,000 requests in databases according to incomplete statistics supplied by publishers and producers the swing from paper documents to electronic began with the arrival of ScienceDirect which covers at present more than 50 % of uses We can note an intense use of electronic resources

9 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL9 The website of the university library lists available resources however, it can be noted that it is never made explicitly reference to Open Access the annual report 2005 of the library does not mention these resources and uses and the Claude Bernard University has not policy yet

10 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL10 III - A survey To explore usage of OA and electronic documentation, we have proposed an electronic survey.

11 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL11 Characteristics of the interviewed population 1 the survey based on a questionnaire was conducted in February and March, 2006. the interviewed people : a population of 2,000 teachers and researchers and 490 doctoral students all of them received a mail containing the link pointing at the questionnaire under electronic form including fifty-four questions.

12 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL12 Characteristics of the interviewed population 2 we registered 390 answers, a sample of 15.6 % 52 % of the interviewed people were in Sciences 46.5 % in Health 26 % are teachers and researchers, 27 % are hospital-academics 35 % are doctoral students

13 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL13 Profession Profession 1 No answer Teacher-researcher Lyon1 Doctoral student Lyon1 Researcher outside Lyon1 Hospital-academic Lyon1 TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 379,5% 10125,9% 13634,9% 123,1% 10426,7% 390100%

14 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL14 Age No answer 8 Under 30 130 From 30,33 to 41,05 105 From 41,05 to 50,19 73 From 50,19 to 59,63 54 From 59,63 to 59,67 0 59,67 and over 20 0 130 All age scales are well represented in our survey

15 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL15 Moment in the research No answer At the beginning In the middle At the end TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 4110,5% 10326,4% 18447,2% 6215,9% 390100%

16 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL16 IV - Place of the library in the uses of electronic resources Is the library always the right place of the information retrieval? Lyon 1 has 2 principal libraries : La Doua Rochefeller

17 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL17 Which library? Library No answer La Doua Rockefeller Both TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 7519,2% 14737,7% 14537,2% 235,9% 390100%

18 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL18 Frequentation of libraries Frequentation No answer Everyday Once a week Several times a week Once a month Several times a month Never TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 102,6% 10,3% 174,4% 123,1% 5113,1% 19650,3% 10326,4% 390100%

19 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL19 What is done at the library? Activity at the library No answer Working there with your documents Consulting paper documents Borrowing paper documents Consulting the computer catalogue of the library Using the website of the library Using other resources of the library Inter-library loan (PIB) Other TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 10326,4% 123,1% 19550,0% 11930,5% 297,4% 184,6% 153,8% 7017,9% 143,6% 390 Now library is only used to obtain paper documents after requesting databases

20 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL20 The websites consulted Which website No answer Website of the library Other sites on University Lyon 1 web Other sites TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 82,1% 11830,3% 5814,9% 20652,8% 390100%

21 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL21 Confirmed researchers What to search No answer You know where to find the information or the document without going through the library You let yourself be guided by the headings of the site of the library You use search engines You go just as you happen to discover things TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 133,3% 19249,2% 4611,8% 23861,0% 246,2% 390 A large majority of people says : we can do the job by ourselves

22 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL22 Research time budget Time per session No answer Less than 3 minutes Between 4 and 15 mns Half an hour One hour Over an hour TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 61,5% 82,1% 10426,7% 15339,2% 7519,2% 4411,3% 390100% The majority spends more time on the web on documentary resources than in library !

23 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL23 Finding what they are searching Control search doc No answer All the time Most of the time Sometimes Rarely TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 41,0% 338,5% 32282,6% 266,7% 51,3% 390100%

24 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL24 What is consulted? Consulted bases No answer Specialized databases Bookmark bases Lists of periodicals Open archives No, I dont consult any electronic resources TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 102,6% 27169,5% 143,6% 25966,4% 6616,9% 51,3% 390 Mainely commercial resources : databases and journals collection, except Pubmed

25 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL25 The service of the library: Databases Available DB No answer Yes No TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 8922,8% 21454,9% 8722,3% 390100%

26 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL26 The service of the library: bookmarks Available Bookmarks No answer Yes No TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 24462,6% 7419,0% 7218,5% 390100%

27 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL27 The service of the library: list of periodicals List of periodicals No answer Yes No TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 7920,3% 24963,8% 6215,9% 390100% Library has AtoZ Ebsco service for journals list

28 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL28 A-to-Z service a-to-z No answer YES NO TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 112,8% 20853,3% 17143,8% 390100% A-to-Z is well used

29 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL29 Language of questioning No answer French English French and English at the same time Other European language Other language TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 30,8% 6316,2% 20652,8% 18146,4% 102,6% 20,5% 390

30 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL30 Specialized search engines Search engines No answer *Google Scholar* http://scholar.google.comhttp://scholar.google.com *SCIRUS* http://www.scirus.comhttp://www.scirus.com *Cismef* http://www.cismef.orghttp://www.cismef.org Other TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 10727,4% 17244,1% 246,2% 133,3% 14537,2% 390 GS is well known but not SCIRUS People trusts in GS without know the insufficiencies

31 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL31 Searched documents Nature of digital document No answer Articles of Journals Some paragraphs from books Some courses Some oral presentations Some theses or university dissertations Some information in forum Some images and video sequences Other digital documents TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 71,8% 37696,4% 6817,4% 15840,5% 8221,0% 13334,1% 205,1% 8622,1% 215,4% 390

32 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL32 CROSSING DISCIPLINE-ARCHIVING SERVERS For time commodities we ask you to learn more in the proceedings. Never the less we can notice that health researchers have a monolithic behaviour and the scientific researchers have behaviours witch belong to their disciplines.

33 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL33 Crossing discipline and nature of searched document

34 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL34 V - Usability of OA The following slides will discribe the usability of OA at the university of Lyon 1.

35 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL35 Free nature Pref resources No answer Free Charged TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 164,1% 36593,6% 164,1% 390 We notice that for many people, electronic resources are « free » for the end user. They do not have any idea about the price of the subscriptions.

36 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL36 Frequency of consultation of open archive servers Freq OS No answer everyday Once a week Several times a week Once a month Several times a month More rarely never TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 4511,5% 5714,6% 8822,6% 5814,9% 3910,0% 133,3% 348,7% 5614,4% 390100% A very important percentage of the searchers are regular users of OA !

37 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL37 RSS and alert systems RSS No answer Yes No TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 164,1% 12532,1% 24963,8% 390100% For a new technology, there are many users !

38 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL38 Expertise of researchers Import ref No answer Text processing Specialized software (EndNote) Other TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 338,5% 21053,8% 11629,7% 317,9% 390100% Endnote is especially used by biologists because there is a documentalist who ensures of learning.Endnote is especially used by biologists because there is a documentalist who ensures of learning. Endnote is especially used by biologists because there is a documentalist who ensures training.

39 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL39 Emergence of new uses Open archives uses No answer Consult documents on screen only You save the document on your storing support You print part of the article You print the whole article TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 7519,2% 9123,3% 17645,1% 6516,7% 16041,0% 390 Work on screen is coming as a daily behavior

40 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL40 Researchers who know titles of periodicals in OA Titles of periodicals No answer Yes No TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 4812,3% 6115,6% 28172,1% 390100% For their majority, researchers ignore OA serials titles

41 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL41 Researchers who have already published on an AO Server Knowledge OS No answer Yes No TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 194,9% 4411,3% 32783,8% 390100% For a beginning, this is a positive result

42 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL42 How? Pre or post print No answer Preprint (pre-publication) post-print (post-publication) TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 33385,4% 287,2% 297,4% 390100% A narrow minority is active militant

43 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL43 Ready to pay for OA publication Payment No answer Yes No TOTAL OBS. Nb. cit.Freq. 256,4% 8521,8% 28071,8% 390100% An important minority is ready to pay for OA publication

44 EAHIL 2006 CLUJ - JPL, SD,OL44 Proposals for the library of the university Lyon 1 To communicate around new services (ex: A-to-Z) To integrate and indicate multimedia supports To indicate free sources and resources To built specific training on OA for researchers To integrate some sources of information little or not indicated so far such as conferences, congress, forums etc. To build a real « open archives » service in: –Devoting a special part to open archives on the website of both libraries in: Integrating relevant sources for every discipline (disciplinary distribution!!!) Indicating these sources in a visible way –Creating a forum of exchange within the university around these uses


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