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Open access to peer reviewed research: freeing the literature Fiona Godlee Editorial Director (Medicine) BioMed Central www.biomedcentral.com.

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Presentation on theme: "Open access to peer reviewed research: freeing the literature Fiona Godlee Editorial Director (Medicine) BioMed Central www.biomedcentral.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 Open access to peer reviewed research: freeing the literature Fiona Godlee Editorial Director (Medicine) BioMed Central

2 Open access…. What do we mean by the current publishing model? Whats wrong with it? What are the alternatives?

3 Some fundamental questions Who owns science? What are the aims of scientific communication? How can these best be realised in the age of electronic communication? How should the scientific community cover the costs of quality control?

4 Open access… What do we mean by the current publishing model? Whats wrong with it? What are the alternatives?

5 Open access… What do we mean by the current publishing model? Whats wrong with it? What are the alternatives?

6 Whats wrong? High prices no longer reflect costs High prices limit access Fragments science Inefficient Slow Impact factors

7 The trouble with impact factors Based on journals not articles Not good for applied sciences Not good for small fields

8 Open access…. What do we mean by the current publishing model? Whats wrong with it? What are the alternatives?

9 …Open access Dispense with subscriptions, and the things that support subscription revenues (copyright, access controls etc) Find new sources of revenue to pay for quality control and dissemination

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11 Non-peer reviewed research Centralised peer review performed by PubMed Central

12 Peer reviewed articles from journals PubMed Central - full text repository of peer reviewed research Non-peer reviewed research Centralised peer review performed by PubMed Central

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18 Open access Fully searchable and retrievable in PubMed Securely and permanently archived Copyright remains with authors Fully peer reviewed Original research

19 Peer review Decisions based on validity not relevance

20 Peer review Decisions based on validity not relevance Open, with signed comments posted

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23 Journals published by BMc On line only (Core BMc journals) BMc Neurology BMc Gastroenterology etc Print/on line Genome Biology Arthritis Research Critical Care CCT in CVM Niche journals

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26 Number of articles submitted to BMC each month: Aug 2000 – Mar 2001

27 Number of articles accepted by BMC each month : Aug 2000 – Mar 2001

28 Overallav 53 days (11/21-193) Medicineav 68 days (22-125) Biologyav 49 days (11/21-193) Time from submission to publication

29 Can be seen by anyone in the world Indexed in PubMed Available on PubMed Central On line submission Open peer review Rapid publication Extensive promotion Opportunities to update Advantages

30 New On line only Disadvantages

31 What are BMCs alternative sources of revenue? Now –Advertising Planned –Services to authors and users –Author charges

32 Author charges Shift cost of quality control from user to author Save money (~$500 vs ~$5000 per published paper) Create direct relation between service and cost Are subject to normal market forces If used to fund open access, author charges: –fulfil the responsibility of researchers and funders to disseminate results of scientific research –Re-enfranchise the disenfranchised

33 What can librarians do to promote open access? Get involved with SPARC Link your website to BioMed Central –Contact Becky Fishman for information Talk to your colleagues and faculty Be radical


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