Presentation on theme: "Title The renewed European Neighbourhood Policy Christina MOLDT"— Presentation transcript:
1Title The renewed European Neighbourhood Policy Christina MOLDT Information and Communication OfficerNeighbourhood DirectorateDG Development and Cooperation – EuropeAidBrussels, 08 February 2013
2Structure of the Presentation Development Aid in FiguresDelivering Aid in PracticeEU Assistance to the Neighbourhood RegionThe renewed European Neighbourhood Policy
305/03/2009 Development aid in figures 1Development aid in figuresEuropeAid, Hannah Cole
4EU the biggest donor in the world The EU is not one donor but 27 Member States and the Commission:together responsible for more than 50% of all development aidto compare: USA provides 24%European Commission on its own:second largest donor of humanitarian aidsecond largest donor ofdevelopment aid (13%, after USA)present in 150 countries
5Geographical distribution of funds (2012) In M€* Without Thematic Programmes* ACP including South Africa, Bananas and Sugar
605/03/2009 Delivering Aid in practice EuropeAid, Hannah Cole
7EuropeAid’s external assistance instruments Geographical coverage:Mediterranean & Eastern Europe: European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)Africa, Caribbean, Pacific: European Development Fund (EDF)Asia, Central Asia, Latin America and the Golf region: Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)Thematic coverage:Environment, gender, food security, migration, non-state actors, local authorities, human safetyEuropean Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR)Instrument for Stability (IfS)Nuclear Safety InstrumentGeographical programmes are the preferred instrument for cooperation. Based on a dialogue with the partner countries, the Commission draws up strategy papers based on countries and regions' needs and performance. These strategy papers set out the priority areas and financial allocations and serve as the basis for the programming of development aid. An action programme is then adopted each year to define the specific objectives, fields of intervention, expected results and amount of funding.In addition to providing regional and country-based approaches to development through geographic programmes, the European Commission operates programmes with a specific thematic focus. They are implemented on the basis of thematic strategy papers and annual action programmes.In order to provide a rapid EU response to volatile food prices in developing countries, an "EU Food Facility" was set up in December This new instrument provides for € 1 billion funding to be spent between 2008 and 2010, nearly half of which in 2009.7
8Aid delivery methods Projects Series of activities aimed at bringing about clearly specified objectives within a defined timeframe and a defined budget.Sector Policy Support ProgrammeProgrammes of the European Commission designed to support the partner government’s sector programme. Implemented through sector budget support (SBS), pooled funding or project approach.General Budget SupportLarge money transfer to the national treasury of a partner country in support of a national development policy. Use of country procedures. Strict benchmarks agreed with governments.
905/03/2009 EU assistance to the Neighbourhood Region EuropeAid, Hannah Cole
10European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) Main objectives:Create common space of stability, security and prosperityAvoid new dividing lines in EuropeIncrease efficiency of external assistanceGreater coherence through unified instrumentsPolitical initiatives for ENP region:Eastern Partnership (EaP) in the East and Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) in the South
11European Neighbourhood Policy- Who participates? 16 partner countries:East(6 countries)Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine, RussiaSouth (10 countries)Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia
12European Neighbourhood Policy - Funding Main source of funding: European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)Total ENPI budget: €12 billion for the period (ca. 32% above TACIS and MEDA average)Additional financial instruments available:European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR)Instrument for Stability (IfS)Nuclear Safety Co-operation Instrument (NSCI)Thematic programmes under the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), tackling environment, gender, food security, migration, non-state actors, local authorities, human safety
13Areas of cooperation Sectors: Objectives: ► Energy ► Transport ►Dialogue and Reform►Legislative approximation►Institution building► Economic growthSectors:► Energy► Transport► Justice, Freedom, Security► Environment► Higher educationObjectives:► Equitable social and economic development► Protection of human rights and freedoms► Rule of law and good governance► Contribution to MDGs
14Overview of programmes Bilateral assistanceChannelled through Annual Action Programmes (AAPs)Tailor-made for each countrySpecific project areas / activities and budgetLargest part of ENPI fundsRegional Programmes East and SouthInitiatives demanding regional approachNeighbourhood wide programmesCross Border Cooperation (CBC)Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF)Twinning, TAIEX and SIGMAErasmus Mundus and Tempus IV
16ENP ReviewThe review of the European Neighbourhood Policy triggered by:The overthrow of long-standing repressive regimes in the Southern Mediterranean;The military conflict in Libya, and other violent crackdowns in Middle Eastern countries;The continued repression in Belarus;The Lisbon Treaty and changes in the institutional structure of EU foreign policy delivery.
17Communication on Southern Mediterranen adopted on 8 March 2011 Three key pillars:Democratic transformation and institution-building (focus on human rights, constitutional and judicial reforms, fight against corruption)Close partnership with the people (support to civil society, more opportunities for people-to-people contacts especially between youth)Boost for economic growth, development and job creation (support to Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises)
18New Neighbourhood policy as in ENP Communciation of 25 May 2011 Core principles: differentiation and ‘more-for-more’ More response for more committmentCore pillars:Supporting progress towards ‘deep democracy’Intensifying political and security cooperationEstablishing Mobility PartnershipsStrengthening the Eastern Partnership and building a Partnership for Democracy and Shared Prosperity in the southern MediterraneanSupporting progressive integration in the European internal market
19The Future of the European Neighbourhood Policy The ENP Communication – a new approach The new ENP will aim to:Provide greater support to partners engaged in building deep democracy;Support inclusive economic development;Strengthen the two regional dimensions of the European Neighbourhood Policy;Provide the mechanisms and instruments fit to deliver these objectives.
20The renewed ENP – Impact on cooperation on education An increased focus of external cooperation on education;Significant additional funding allocated to Erasmus Mundus and Tempus in 2011 – 2013:Neighbourhood South countries received for Erasmus Mundus partnerships and mobility scholarships an additional amount of approx. €60 million (€15 million in 2011, €24.5 million in 2012, €19.95 million in 2013)Funds for TEMPUS also increased (by €6.25 million in 2012 and by €5.6 million in 2013) to support the modernisation of higher education in the Southern Mediterranean and to expand collaboration with EU universities.
21The ENP Communication - Progress towards ‘deep democracy’ … where ‘deep democracy’ means:Free and fair elections;Freedom of association, expression and assembly;Free press and media;The rule of law administered by an independent judiciary;Fighting against corruption;Security and law enforcement sector reform and establishment of democratic control over armed forces and security forces.…. through a partnership with societies:Civil Society FacilityEuropean Endowment for Democracy
22New innovative programmes SPRING umbrella programme:SPRING = « Support for Partnership, Reforms and Inclusive Growth»;Adopted in September 2011, based on the 'more for more' principle;Budget 390 M€ for 2011/2012 (initial budget 350 M€), for M€ foreseen;A vehicle for the provision of additional support to partner countries in the southern Mediterranean committed to deep and sustainable democracy.
23New European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) Target area: 16 European Neighbourhood countriesBudget:MFF Communication proposes a budget of a total of €18.2 billion (current prices) for the periodTimeframe:Legislative proposal for new ENI regulation has been published on 07 December 2011; adoption by Council/EP possibly first half of 2013, depending on the overall EU budget negotiationsKey challenges addressed:Better alignment of financial aid with policyEnhanced flexibility and a simplified programming processResponding better to crisis situations (e.g. Libya, Syria)Improving coordination with other instruments
24For further information Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on Strengthening the European Neighbourhood Policy:DG Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid:ENPI Info Centre:External Action Service (EEAS):