Presentation on theme: "Title The renewed European Neighbourhood Policy Christina MOLDT Information and Communication Officer Neighbourhood Directorate DG Development and Cooperation."— Presentation transcript:
Title The renewed European Neighbourhood Policy Christina MOLDT Information and Communication Officer Neighbourhood Directorate DG Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid Brussels, 08 February 2013
2 Structure of the Presentation 1.Development Aid in Figures 2.Delivering Aid in Practice 3.EU Assistance to the Neighbourhood Region 4.The renewed European Neighbourhood Policy
3 1 Development aid in figures
4 EU the biggest donor in the world European Commission on its own: second largest donor of humanitarian aid second largest donor of development aid (13%, after USA) present in 150 countries The EU is not one donor but 27 Member States and the Commission: together responsible for more than 50% of all development aid to compare: USA provides 24%
Geographical distribution of funds (2012) In M * Without Thematic Programmes * ACP including South Africa, Bananas and Sugar
6 2 Delivering Aid in practice
7 EuropeAids external assistance instruments Geographical coverage: Mediterranean & Eastern Europe: European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) Africa, Caribbean, Pacific: European Development Fund (EDF) Asia, Central Asia, Latin America and the Golf region: Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) Thematic coverage: Environment, gender, food security, migration, non-state actors, local authorities, human safety European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) Instrument for Stability (IfS) Nuclear Safety Instrument
8 Aid delivery methods Projects Series of activities aimed at bringing about clearly specified objectives within a defined timeframe and a defined budget. Sector Policy Support Programme Programmes of the European Commission designed to support the partner governments sector programme. Implemented through sector budget support (SBS), pooled funding or project approach. General Budget Support Large money transfer to the national treasury of a partner country in support of a national development policy. Use of country procedures. Strict benchmarks agreed with governments.
9 3 EU assistance to the Neighbourhood Region
European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) Main objectives: Create common space of stability, security and prosperity Avoid new dividing lines in Europe Increase efficiency of external assistance Greater coherence through unified instruments Political initiatives for ENP region: Eastern Partnership (EaP) in the East and Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) in the South
European Neighbourhood Policy- Who participates? 16 partner countries: East(6 countries) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine, Russia South (10 countries) Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia
European Neighbourhood Policy - Funding Main source of funding: European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) Total ENPI budget: 12 billion for the period (ca. 32% above TACIS and MEDA average) Additional financial instruments available: European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) Instrument for Stability (IfS) Nuclear Safety Co-operation Instrument (NSCI) Thematic programmes under the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), tackling environment, gender, food security, migration, non-state actors, local authorities, human safety
Areas of cooperation Dialogue and Reform Legislative approximation Institution building Economic growth Dialogue and Reform Legislative approximation Institution building Economic growth Objectives: Equitable social and economic development Protection of human rights and freedoms Rule of law and good governance Contribution to MDGs Objectives: Equitable social and economic development Protection of human rights and freedoms Rule of law and good governance Contribution to MDGs Sectors: Energy Transport Justice, Freedom, Security Environment Higher education Sectors: Energy Transport Justice, Freedom, Security Environment Higher education
Overview of programmes Bilateral assistance Channelled through Annual Action Programmes (AAPs) Tailor-made for each country Specific project areas / activities and budget Largest part of ENPI funds Regional Programmes East and South Initiatives demanding regional approach Neighbourhood wide programmes Cross Border Cooperation (CBC) Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF) Twinning, TAIEX and SIGMA Erasmus Mundus and Tempus IV
15 4 The renewed Neighbourhood Policy
ENP Review The review of the European Neighbourhood Policy triggered by: The overthrow of long-standing repressive regimes in the Southern Mediterranean; The military conflict in Libya, and other violent crackdowns in Middle Eastern countries; The continued repression in Belarus; The Lisbon Treaty and changes in the institutional structure of EU foreign policy delivery.
Communication on Southern Mediterranen adopted on 8 March 2011 Three key pillars: 1.Democratic transformation and institution- building (focus on human rights, constitutional and judicial reforms, fight against corruption) 2.Close partnership with the people (support to civil society, more opportunities for people-to-people contacts especially between youth) 3.Boost for economic growth, development and job creation (support to Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises)
Core principles: differentiation and more-for-more More response for more committment Core pillars: Supporting progress towards deep democracy Intensifying political and security cooperation Establishing Mobility Partnerships Strengthening the Eastern Partnership and building a Partnership for Democracy and Shared Prosperity in the southern Mediterranean Supporting progressive integration in the European internal market New Neighbourhood policy as in ENP Communciation of 25 May 2011
The Future of the European Neighbourhood Policy The ENP Communication – a new approach The new ENP will aim to: Provide greater support to partners engaged in building deep democracy; Support inclusive economic development; Strengthen the two regional dimensions of the European Neighbourhood Policy; Provide the mechanisms and instruments fit to deliver these objectives.
The renewed ENP – Impact on cooperation on education An increased focus of external cooperation on education; Significant additional funding allocated to Erasmus Mundus and Tempus in 2011 – 2013: Neighbourhood South countries received for Erasmus Mundus partnerships and mobility scholarships an additional amount of approx. 60 million (15 million in 2011, 24.5 million in 2012, million in 2013) Funds for TEMPUS also increased (by 6.25 million in 2012 and by 5.6 million in 2013) to support the modernisation of higher education in the Southern Mediterranean and to expand collaboration with EU universities.
The ENP Communication - Progress towards deep democracy … where deep democracy means: Free and fair elections; Freedom of association, expression and assembly; Free press and media; The rule of law administered by an independent judiciary; Fighting against corruption; Security and law enforcement sector reform and establishment of democratic control over armed forces and security forces. …. through a partnership with societies: Civil Society Facility European Endowment for Democracy
New innovative programmes SPRING umbrella programme: SPRING = « Support for Partnership, Reforms and Inclusive Growth»; Adopted in September 2011, based on the 'more for more' principle; Budget 390 M for 2011/2012 (initial budget 350 M), for M foreseen; A vehicle for the provision of additional support to partner countries in the southern Mediterranean committed to deep and sustainable democracy.
New European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) Target area: 16 European Neighbourhood countries Budget: MFF Communication proposes a budget of a total of 18.2 billion (current prices) for the period Timeframe: Legislative proposal for new ENI regulation has been published on 07 December 2011; adoption by Council/EP possibly first half of 2013, depending on the overall EU budget negotiations Key challenges addressed: Better alignment of financial aid with policy Enhanced flexibility and a simplified programming process Responding better to crisis situations (e.g. Libya, Syria) Improving coordination with other instruments
24 For further information Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on Strengthening the European Neighbourhood Policy: DG Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid: ENPI Info Centre: External Action Service (EEAS):