Presentation on theme: "Administrative, morphological and functional urban regions And Metropolitan governance Christian Vandermotten Urbact, Lille, 12 th February 2010 Institut."— Presentation transcript:
Administrative, morphological and functional urban regions And Metropolitan governance Christian Vandermotten Urbact, Lille, 12 th February 2010 Institut de Gestion de lEnvironnement et dAménagement du Territoire Université Libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences
MUA (morphological urban area) and FUA (functional urban area) vs. Administrative limits MUA : contiguous municipalities with more than 650 inhab./sq. km FUA : employment basin (> 10 % of the occupied active residents commuting towards the employment center)
Torino Population (thousands, 2001) Municipality : 857 MUA : 1 308 FUA : 2 059
A more complex pattern is occuring when big FUAs are joining or overlapping, mainly in badly structured urban systems, without strong historical core (e.a. : former coal- mining conurbations), or in trans-border FUAs
The Belgian central metropolitan area Population (thousands, 2001) (City of Brussels : 137) Brussels-Capital Region : 978 Brussels MUA : 1 498 Brussels FUA (including the secundary MUAs of Leuven and Aalst) : 2 933 All the FUAs of the central metropolitan area : 5 000
Lille transborder metropolitan area Population (thousands, 2001) (City of Lille : 185) Communauté urbaine (Urban Community) : 1090 Lille MUA : 925 Lille FUA : 1 274 All the FUAs of the Lille and former coal-mining basin, including the Belgian side : 3 103
Ostrava basin Population (thousands, 2001) City of Ostrava : 317 Ostrava MUA : 365 Ostrava FUA : 605 All the FUAs of the basin : 1 035
The basis of the problem of the territoriality of the metropolitan governance : 1. The consequences of the social inequalities inside the metropolitan area 2. The territorial frames of the legitimacy of the democratic representation
The income evolution : growing disparities between the Region and its periurban fringe (Evolution of the average income/ inhab. - belgium = 100)
Some questions imposing a coherent frame at the scale of the metropolitan FUAs to solve the contradictions Mobility Environmental matters Economical matters Social cohesion
Mobility : more commuters, from further, towards Brussels- Capital Region 32 %60 %57 %314 0001991 28 %49 %51 %283 0001981 25 %34 %38 %246 0001970 13 %10 %25 %137 0001947 13 %……27 0001910 4 %……9 0001896 % commuting from > 50 km % using private transports % of the regional employment Commuters
Mobility Highways piercing the urban fabric and motormays politics vs. Urban life quality and keeping the inhabitants inside the city The logics of the Regional railways express systems : urban, periurban or national ? The question of the urban tolls
The environmental matters Managing the water by basin Managing the periurban green areas : metropolitan and central urban area logics vs. Periurban municipalities logics
The economical matters The problem of the manufacturing delocalisations is out- dated The shopping competitions The competitions for the location of offices (which is also a mobility matter)
The social cohesion Between the central city and its periphery, but also between the central city various municipalities : how managing the question of the deprived populations ; bottom-up or top-down social mixity ?
To summarize, the challenges of the success of the dense city An addition of municipalities An addition of municipalities, more or less cooperating together Specific cooperations for specific objectives Metropolitan bodies with a two-steps representation Metropolitan bodies with a direct representation Successive mergings National bodies And how managing the citizens' participation when the local power is further away ?
The challenges of the urban democracy : – Which is (are) the scale (s) of the democratic legitimacy ? – Which legitimacy for the citizens' associations and the local associations ? – Which scale(s) for consultative or deliberative bodies ? – The risks of the two-steps representation – At which scale deciding the tax-levels ? – Which representation for the foreigners at the local level ?