Presentation on theme: "Mobility in Cities Database"— Presentation transcript:
1 Key Results of the Mobility in Cities Database Project Jerome Pourbaix Manager, UITP
2 Mobility in Cities Database 120 urban mobility indicators collected in 50 cities worldwide.Comparisons between 1995 and 2001.Specific definitions of indicators and metropolitan areas.Project initiated and carried out by UITP, with support from membersKey source of information for urban transport planners and decision-makers.
3 Introduction Providing a quantified and updated account of: ObjectivesCitiesIndicatorsProviding a quantified and updated account of:Relationship between urban structure, modal split and performance and cost of transportFactors influencing the attractiveness of public transportSupporting the further development of a set of arguments in favour of public transport
6 Introduction Demography and economics ObjectivesCitiesIndicatorsDemography and economicsTransport infrastructure and parkingPrivate carsTaxisPublic transportMobility and modal splitCost and performance of mobility system
7 1. Urban Mobility in Context Urban density decreased from 50 to 47 inhabitants per hectare (-6%) in European cities between 1995 and 2001.Development of low density neighbourhoods in the suburbs and long distance commuting.Few cities controlled sprawl, through land use and transport integrationPublic transport has to adapt its service supply to low density areas.Urban sprawlMotorisation rateModal split
8 1. Urban Mobility in Context Motorisation rate increased from 400 to 445 cars per 1000 persons (+ 11%) in European cities between 1995 and 2001.Significant variations from one city to another.Combination of economic, cultural and policy related factors.Challenge for public transport but no automatic effect.Urban sprawlMotorisation rateModal split
9 1. Urban Mobility in Context Public transport market share is stableFrequentation of public transport increased from 325 to 340 journeys per person per year (+4,5%).Urban sprawlMotorisation rateModal split19952001
10 2. Performance and cost of transport Cost of transport for the community includes public transport operation and investment, road expenditure and car use.Cost of transport is lower in dense cities with a higher modal share of public transport, walking and cycling.Cost of transportEnergy consumptionCost of transport for the Community (% of GDP) vs Modal Share of Public Transport, Walking and Cycling
11 2. Performance and cost of transport The cost of transport for the community in cities with a high share of public transport is up to half the cost in cities where the private car is dominant. This difference represents a saving of EUR per inhabitant per year.Cities characterized by the lowest cost of transport to the community are often those where expenditure in public transport is the highest.Cost of transportEnergy consumption
12 2. Performance and cost of transport Energy consumptionCities which managed to increase the modal share of PT, walking and cycling saw a decrease in the cost of transport to the community.Modal share of public transport (mechanized and motorized trips)Cost of transportto the Community(% of GDP)19952001Geneva18,821,710,29,4London23,926,88,57,5Madrid23,429,112,210,4Paris27,127,56,86,7Vienna43,246,66,96,6
13 2. Performance and cost of transport Energy consumption for transport includes public and private modes. Electricity consumption is counted at source.Cost of transportEnergy consumptionEnergy Consumption for Transport (MJ/person/year) vs Modal Share of Public Transport, Walking and Cycling
14 2. Performance and cost of transport Energy savings between cities with a high modal share of public transport and cities relying mainly on the private car represent around 500 to 600 litres of petrol per inhabitant per year.Cost of transportEnergy consumption
15 3. Attractiveness of Public Transport Motorisation rate is the number of cars per 1000 inhabitants.Market share of public transport decreases when motorisation rate grows.MotorisationParking SupplyVolume of SupplySpeed and regularityMarket share of public transport (mechanised and motorised trips) depending on motorisation rate
16 3. Attractiveness of Public Transport Parking supply is the number of road-side and off-road parking spaces (except residential) in the Central Business DistrictMarket share of public transport higher in cities with restrictive parking policyMotorisationParking SupplyVolume of SupplySpeed and regularityMarket share of public transport depending on number of parking spaces per 1000 jobs in CBD.
17 3. Attractiveness of Public Transport Volume of supply is vehicle x km per inhabitant and vehicle x km per hectareMarket share of public transport grows with the volume of supplyIn particular, the extensive coverage of the area by public transportMotorisationParking SupplyVolume of SupplySpeed and regularityMarket share of public transport depending on public transport supply per hectare (vehicle x km / ha)
18 3. Attractiveness of Public Transport Relative speed of cars is the ratio between car traffic speed and public transport commercial speedMarket share of public transport increased when relative speed of cars decreasesMotorisationParking SupplyVolume of SupplySpeed and regularityMarket share of public transport depending on relative speed of cars.
19 3. Attractiveness of Public Transport The share of supply by rail modes is the share of place x km by rail modes.Market share of public transport is higher where the share of supply by rail modes is larger.MotorisationParking SupplyVolume of SupplySpeed and regularityMarket share of public transport depending on share of supply by rail modes.
20 Conclusions Urban planning Control of traffic and parking Set of recommendations based on lessons learnt from the study.Recommendations focus on three pillars of sustainable development:Urban planningControl of traffic and parkingDevelopment of public transport
21 Contacts Summary report is available in 5 languages on www.uitp.com The CD-ROM containing the database, the detailed analysis report, and fact sheets on selected cities will be available in October.For further information, please contact:Tel