Presentation on theme: "Development and Transfer of Technologies UNFCCC Expert Workshop On Technology Information Technology Transfer Network and Matchmaking Systems: a LA & C."— Presentation transcript:
Development and Transfer of Technologies UNFCCC Expert Workshop On Technology Information Technology Transfer Network and Matchmaking Systems: a LA & C Perspective Daniel Bouille Bariloche Foundation - Argentina
2 Content Topics to be included as part of an information systems from a LA&C perspective. Role of Networks in the development, adaptation and transfer of technology.
3 Conceptual Framework Technology Transfer: Broader approach (IPCC Special Report) To address Climate Change in a framework of Sustainable Development Key roles: stakeholders and institutions (both public and private) and system coordination (Legal, regulatory, market) Key institutions: the State and the market
4 Some Key Issues Information as a cross-cutting issue among the five components of TT The challenge is sustainable TT: to build the market Information on: Who, What, How, Where TT should take place –Stakeholders involvement and role –Contribution to satisfy needs –Barriers and Obstacles to overcome (Policies) –Priority Sectors (Strategy)
5 Topics to be included as part of an information systems from a LA&C perspective.
6 LA&C Framework Reform process creating a totally new environment with new rules, behavior and challenges. A market oriented framework in a globalization context, looking for technologies that increase efficiency and competitiveness. There is no room for subsidies to address Global Environmental Issues. Local subsidies to not cost-effective EST should not be expected. CC: Vulnerability and adaptation as a major priority in the Region. Results of the LA&C Regional Workshop on TT. State of the arts knowledge, generally put as a priority, is not the main issue from a LA&C. Offer is relatively well known. Just the “hard” issues (engineering dimension) knowledge must be complemented by other most “soft” issues, such as policies and strategies.
7 LA&C General Topics Public Policies on TT: –Policy design and implementation: estrategies, measures, mechanisms, instruments, tools, actions. –Policy coordination: cross cutting issues. –Oversight and monitoring. Institutional issues, among them: –responsabilities, coordination, relation (knowledge diffussion, public-public relations, public-private partnership, R&D effectiveness, private-private joint activities). Stakeholders: –identification and role, especially public and private sectors and international and regional agencies and donors. Capacity Development: –policies, economics of TT, impact assesment, lyfe cycle assesment, legal and regulatory framework, data base development and use, standards setting, environmental management systems, recyclied concept,.... Top down versus bottom up approach in TT
8 Public Policies for promotion of EST development, adaptation and transfer A complex issue, including: Development policies (multidimensional aspects of sustainability) Technology policies (Promoting environmentally sound technologies and addressing Development policies) Environmental policies (including regulation) Sector Policies (Energy, Industry, Transport,...) Institutional strengthening and development
9 Some Specific Topics Indicators, instrument and management for an environmental order. Technology adaptation, environmental assesment, social participation. Information assesment:: quality, appropriate, reliable,... New process to aproach and address TT. Strategy to build the market: information and marketing, technology, training and capacity development, financing, industrial policy, legislation and regulation. New business model identification. The role of key international organizations and donors (WTO). The technology cycle:from needs to waste disposal Cost-benefit evaluation of TT Programs. Technology negotiation, assesment, forecasting.....
10 Role of Networks in the development, adaptation and transfer of technology.
11 Networks Role Path From –Bottom up approach –Technology Driven –Donor Oriented To –Top Down approach –Sustainable Development driven –Host Country Innovation Policy Oriented Key issue: –to install and create the capacity to design and implement Technology Policies articulated to Sustainable Development Networks –Business –Donors –Centers –Governments –Multi-stakeholders
12 Business Networks Developed and developing countries stakeholders Public and private Including existing Network and International and Regional Organization (WEC, WBCSD, CTI,...) Regional (CIER, ARPEL) Roles and Issues –Identify business opportunities –Identify and promote joint project –Identify technology adaptation needs –Implement Case Studies –Generate proposals to generate or expand the market –Propose strategies to facilitate EST diffusion –...
13 Donor Networks Multilateral Agencies Financing Agencies Regional Organizations Bilateral Agencies? Roles and Issues –Interagency coordination –Promote and support national and regional programs –Develop and finance Information Systems –Organize and finance regional and international workshops, meetings, seminars,... –Promote and Support Capacity Development Programs –Support Center and Governmental Networks –...
14 Centers Networks Developed and developing countries centers Public or private Independent of political changes and private business interests National and Regional Interregional Interaction Roles and Issues –Training –Technical Assistance –Capacity Development –National Circumstances Analysis –Local languages –Case Studies –Improving access but overall use of information(identify, selection, quality, elaborate, assessment,...) –...
15 Accompanying Activities Workshops seminars, studies, conference support,..; To report the state of the art; To disseminate results to scientists, decision makers or other appropriate parties; To evaluate and monitor research projects for quality control purposes; To assist in dialogue and priority setting; To co-ordinate research groups or to provide specific R&D training. To support bilateral and multilateral actions
16 Governmental Networks Scope Regional Networks Interregional Interaction Government representation Role and Issues –Share experiences –Share and transfer knowledge –Look for Strategic Alliances –Work on common problems and barriers –Identify and developed regional strategies –Identify and implement south- south cooperation –Develop joint actions –...
17 Some Conclusions Technology development, adaptation and transfer as part of an integrated policy approach Sustainable Development as a key issue New approach for TT to overcome traditional and new barriers and challenges Information as a key component of knowledge Address Host Countries information needs Networks as a platform for sustainable TT