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Avoiding Divergent Paths: CNS/ATM European Air Traffic Management Programme Dan Hawkes: UK CAA.

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Presentation on theme: "Avoiding Divergent Paths: CNS/ATM European Air Traffic Management Programme Dan Hawkes: UK CAA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Avoiding Divergent Paths: CNS/ATM European Air Traffic Management Programme Dan Hawkes: UK CAA

2 May 2002 Croatia EU UKFrance Germany Netherlands Belgium Portugal Greece Luxembourg Denmark Italy Spain ICAO (EUR) Russian Federation San Marino Azerbaijan Belarus Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Bosnia & Herzegovina ECAC LatviaLithuaniaEstonia ArmeniaAlbania Ukraine Austria Sweden Ireland Finland Poland Iceland JAA The former YugoslavRepublic of Macedonia Norway Hungary Turkey EUROCONTROL Bulgaria Slovenia Romania Moldova Monaco Cyprus Malta Switzerland Slovak Republic Czech Republic NATO Iceland is in the ICAO NAT Region. USA Canada Yugoslavia EASA Cyprus is in the ICAO MID Region

3 National authorities are responsible for implementing JAA requirements and decisions. No separate legal identity outside the Netherlands. Requirements and decisions not legally binding on members. is for: airspace policy implementation schedules air traffic services airport regulation military aircraft non-European carriers is for: airspace policy implementation schedules air traffic services airport regulation military aircraft non-European carriers not responsible oint Aviation Authorities

4 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 3 EUROCONTROL v JAA EUROCONTROL deals with ATM and related safety processes for the airspace of the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) region. JAA deals with- the airworthiness of civil aircraft registered in a JAA member state; and commercial operations where the principal place of business of the aeroplane operator is in a JAA member state.

5 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 4 The JAA and EUROCONTROL have signed an Agreement of Co-operation to ensure that aircraft airworthiness and operational requirements are effectively co-ordinated with airspace and air traffic management developments. Agreement of Co-operation

6 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 5 Operators from Non-JAA States Need to satisfy European airspace requirements or be exempt Must apply to their own national Authority for approval where needed Authorities of non JAA States may adopt JAA certification and operational material or publish equivalent standards.

7 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 6 The JAA CNS/ATM Steering Group Assists co-ordination, with members from European regulatory authorities, FAA EUROCONTROL, EUROCAE and European industry. The group reviews emerging airspace policy to identify the need for new or revised airworthiness and aircraft operational requirements, equipment standards or guidance material.

8 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 7 EATMP The European Air Traffic Management Programme is based on the ATM 2000+ Strategy and detailed in the European Convergence and Implementation Plan (ECIP). EATMP documents may be accessed on http://www.eurocontrol.int/eatmp http://www.eurocontrol.int/eatmp

9 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 8 Convergence or Divergence? The world-wide convergence/divergence issue of CNS/ATM programmes can be considered from three main aspects: · Airspace infrastructure · Aircraft operations · Aircraft systems and equipment certification.

10 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 9 Airspace Infrastructure The technology choice to meet the needs of capacity, safety and security will be driven by: – regional pressures, – the related business and safety arguments, and – the availability of mature technological solutions. Implementation dates will depend on: –the scale of change involved, and –availability of equipment. These factors will vary region by region and can lead to a divergence of strategies.

11 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 10 Aircraft Operations Co-operation is needed between the aircraft operational regulators and the airspace planners to avoid divergence in procedures. Regional differences in phraseology, charting standards (and related display symbology), and air traffic procedures are candidate subjects for harmonisation.

12 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 11 Aircraft Certification Standards A good degree of co-operation already exists between the standards setting bodies of EUROCAE and RTCA. FAA and JAA have been working successfully together to align certification requirements although there is room for improvement in this process such that deliverables match the needs of programme schedules. Resources available to support standards development can be less than that desired.

13 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 12 Communications Road Map VHF 8.33 kHz Channel Spacing Data Link Accident Recording for Data Link

14 2010 Voice Services 25 kHz DSB-AM Everywhere Below FL 245 or restricted to specific services Over FL 245 8.33 kHz DSB- AM Over FL 245 7 States Over FL 245 29 States Terrestrial Service Wide band ? Satellite Oceanic and upper airspace ? ? Below FL 245

15 2010 ? VDL Mode 4 A 623 ACARS DCL ATIS A 623 DCL ATIS AOA VDL- M2 Mode S or VDL Mode 4 or UAT ? High Quality of Service Broadcast (e.g. ADS-B) Satellite ? Pt--to-pt & Broadcast General (e.g. FIS) Deterministic Pt to Pt High Quality of Service Data Services Pt to Pt non deterministic QoS, ATN capabilities VDL M2 (Link 2000+) ACM ACL AMC FLPCY ? Terrestrial Service Wide band ?

16 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 15 VDL Mode 2 Operational Use Letter of Commitment/Concrete Plans Operational Use Intent Support

17 02030405060708 ACM ACL AMC Comms Management Clearances Microphone check Current Plans at Area Control Centres

18 02030405060708 D-ATIS DCL Current Plans at Airports

19 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 18 ICAO Annex 6, Pt 1, Amd 26 (2001) 6.3.1.5 All aircraft for which the individual certificate of airworthiness is first issued after 1 January 2005, which utilise data link communications and are required to carry a cockpit voice recorder, shall record on a flight recorder, all data link communications to and from the aircraft.

20 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 19 6.3.1.5.1 From 1 January 2007, all aircraft which utilise data link communications and are required to carry a cockpit voice recorder, shall record on a flight recorder, all data link communications to and from the aircraft. Retrospective applicability of Amd 26...

21 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 20 Equivalent requirements... Amendment 21 to Annex 6, Part II, International General Aviation- Aeroplanes, and Amendment 8 to Annex 6, Part III, International Operations- Helicopters introduce the same data link recording requirements.

22 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 21 FAA and JAA should harmonize the data link recording requirement. JAA and FAA Actions The JAA CNS/ATM Steering Group is co-ordinating with FAA to produce guidance material. JAA and FAA are supporting EUROCAE WG 50 to develop MOPS. harmonise

23 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 22 Activities on Current Systems ACARS: DCL & ATIS in the major European airports FANS A/1:Accommodation study for Link 2000+ VDL Mode 2: Progress the deployment and fine tuning VDL Mode 3: Monitoring situation VDL Mode 4: Continue system development supporting ICAO and European initiatives UAT: Follow developments and contribute ATN/IP: Re-assessment

24 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 23 Activities on Future Comm Systems System wide: Communication operating concept Satellite: Re-address interest and feasibility of communication satellite Wide band : 3G/CDMA feasibility :Task Force studying IP V6, IPsecurity, addressing.

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26 Systems developed separately. Agreement in ICAO is difficult. Agreement means compromises and unstable decisions. Consequence: it is difficult to achieve consensus for current systems. Current Situation Now Fragmentation ! 1090 VDL Mode 2 25 kHz DSB-AM VDL Mode 3 UAT8.33 kHz DSB-AM VDL Mode 4

27 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 26 To work together from the beginning; To involve all interested parties and reach consensus; To agree planning and build on accepted decisions. Lets try to avoid this for the future… Communications Commonality ! Tomorrow X1 X2

28 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 27 Navigation ECAC Navigation Strategy Database Assurance

29 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 28 Achieve a total RNP RNAV environment Support aircraft with lower capabilities Support the free routes concept Support State aircraft operations Ensure quality of navigation data Rationalise infrastructure Implement 4D RNAV operations ECAC Navigation Strategy

30 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 29 Strategic Roadmap - En-route 201020052000 2015 B-RNAV at all levels Free Routes 8 States Extended Free Routes 4D RNAV P-RNAV routes RNP RNAV mandatory en-route (RNP1 accuracy) Infrastructure Rationalisation NDB VOR DME GPS SBAS

31 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 30 Strategic Roadmap - TMA 201020052000 2015 Conventional SIDs/STARs P-RNAV SIDs/STARs P-RNAV mandatory in selected TMAs RNP-RNAV mandatory in all TMAs RNP tbd

32 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 31 Strategic Roadmap - Approach & Landing 201020052000 2015 Provide NPA Provide PA Cat 1/2/3 Provide Runway Guidance Infrastructure Rationalisation VOR GBAS Cat 1/2/3 ILS Cat 2/3 NDB DME GPS SBAS Cat 1 ILS Cat 1 MLS Cat 2/3

33 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 32 Database integrity assurance Based on the principles that data development processes should be applied considering to the intended use of the data, and with a the level of rigour commensurate with the integrity requirements of the data. Not applicable to the origination or publication of data for which the state is responsible, e.g. navigation data published in AIPs. Approval of database suppliers is being considered. Guidance given in JAA TGL No. 9 which recognises EUROCAE document ED-76.

34 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 33 Navigation: Work Complete Procedure design criteria and guidance material for B-RNAV and P-RNAV procedures. JAA Guidance leaflets B-RNAV, P-RNAV and Database Assurance Charting guidance. P-RNAV implementation - draft AIC.

35 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 34 JAA guidance leaflets for RNAV Approach. ICAO DOC 7030 Amendment. Revision of EUR Doc 001. Procedure design criteria and guidance material for Baro VNAV, APV and RNP-RNAV. P-RNAV Safety Case. RNAV Approach Safety Case. RNP-RNAV Business Case. P-RNAV Route Spacing Study. Navigation: Work in Progress

36 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 35 Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum

37 Introduced in European Airspace on 24 th January 2002

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41 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 40 Surveillance Road maps Automatic Dependent Surveillance Mode S Elementary Surveillance Mode S Enhanced Surveillance

42 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 41 Surveillance Road-Map Core Area of Europe 2020 2000200520102015 Primary search radars - Major TMAs MSSR Elementary Surveillance: Mode S Enhanced Surveillance: Mode S Intent based ATM ADS based services Co-operative ATS ADS-B based services

43 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 42 Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast The EUROCONTROL ADS-B programme aims for implementation in 2007. Three candidate technologies are being considered: 1090 MHz Extended Squitter from Mode S. Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) using L-band. VHF (112-140 MHz) Data-Link Mode 4 (VDL-4). EUROCONTROL and the FAA are evaluating these three technologies.

44 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 43 Roadmap to ADS-B Implementation 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013+ Early Local Implementations Development Implementation Planning Implementation Package 1 Validation Initial Link Recommendation Final Link Recommendation Implementation Planning Implementation Package 2 Validation Feasibility Development

45 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 44 Why do we need it ? Resolves the current surveillance infrastructure limitations: -RF saturation, detection issues, capacity -Mode A Code shortage. What is Elementary Surveillance ? Mode S ElementarySurveillance In flight call sign DLH655 A1234370 Replacement of SSR by Mode S. Replacement of Mode A codes by the Call Sign used in flight.

46 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 45 Elementary Surveillance requires: A Transponder fully compliant with ICAO SARPs Amendment 73 … -Supporting the SI code capability -Down-linking the flight plan call-sign; otherwise aircraft registration. An acceptable standard is defined by EUROCAE ED 73A MOPS as adopted by JTSO-2C112a. Mode S ElementarySurveillance In flight call sign DLH655 A1234370 JAA TGL No. 13 gives guidance

47 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 46 What is Enhanced Surveillance ? Display to controller of: heading, speed, selected altitude, vertical rate, track angle rate, roll angle, ground speed, and true track angle. Assists Level Bust Alerting, Tracking, plus improvement for Minimum Safe Altitude Warning & Short Term Conflict Alert. Why is Enhanced Surveillance needed? - To reduce R/T workload and raise controller situational awareness - To add system safety enhancements. Heading Speed Selected FL DLH655 Mode S EnhancedSurveillance A1234 370 060 295 370

48 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 47 JAA TGL No. 8 rev 2: ACAS II Certification JAA TGL No. 11: ACAS II Training ACAS II Uses TCAS II Change 7

49 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 48 JAA Guidance Material in Preparation Mode S Enhanced Surveillance Data Link RNAV Approach RNP-RNAV JAA

50 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 49 Where do we go from here? 1.Identify convergence opportunities. 2.Provide the required resources. 3. Work together together involving all interested parties to reach consensus. 4. Plan and build on accepted decisions. We need reliable ATC….

51 We apologise to passengers for the severe delays. Rest assured our engineers are working hard to trace the computer fault…

52 19th Annual FAA/JAA International Conference ointAviationAuthorities 51 …and CNS capable aircraft….

53 The Chronic Bruiser ! …with apologies to Airbus Industrie and Virgin Atlantic airways CNS/ATM Equipment Compartment ?

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