Presentation on theme: "DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN AND YOUNG GIRLS IN THE HEALTH SECTOR"— Presentation transcript:
1DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN AND YOUNG GIRLS IN THE HEALTH SECTOR Peggy MaguireEuropean Institute of Womens Health“Health Strategy in Europe’s Regions”24th of April 2008 Schwerte
2About European Institute of Women’s Health: The EIWH is working to make the improvement of health and well-being of women across the lifespan a priority for the European Union and Member States:Health NGO launched in 1996Board of DirectorsEuropean Advisory CouncilExtensive multi-national, multi-disciplinary network
3Contract Reference No. IP/C/FEMM/IC/2006/62 Aim of PresentationWomen & SocietyHealth issues that affect women and young girlsExamples of best practiceRecommendations for changeThe original study was completed by the EIWH under contract to the European ParliamentContract Reference No. IP/C/FEMM/IC/2006/62April 2007
4Women and Society EU Demographic Trends-Everyday Lives Ageing PopulationIncrease in divorce rateAverage age at first birth risingNumber of children fallingIncrease in female-headed householdsMore female graduates from tertiary educationMore women in employmentPart-time work more widespread amongst womenResponsibility for care still falling on women
5Health Issues for Women Lifestyle (Nutrition, Smoking, Drinking, Drug Use, Exercise)Eating Disorders (Anorexia, Bulimia, Obesity)Mental Health (Anxiety, Depression, Stress)CancerCardiovascular DiseaseSexually Transmitted Infections
6The Situation for Young Girls Education, employment and family life have consequencesGirls mature earlierChanges in self-esteemGender differences in behaviourIncreasing health inequality becomes apparentGender differences emerge in adolescenceGirls more likely to take up smoking-weight controlAmong 13 year olds -obesity higher in girlsHealthy lifestyle choices important
8Mental health statistics conceal differences in prevalence and disease manifestation at different stages in the life cycle between women and menCauses of higher rates of depression and mentalillness in women remain unknown.Lack of information on the affects of drugsThis is especially clear in the following cases:anti-depressive pharmaceutics:lower doses of anti-depressive medicinesMental Health
9CancerIncrease in rates of lung cancer in both younger and older women in almost all EU countries.Cancer of the cervix is the second most common female cancer in the EU. Early screening and detection can improve survival rates.More gender specific health promotion messages need to be developed.The EU has recognised the potential of population-based cancer screening programmes in its Council Recommendation adopted in 2003 (Official Journal of the EU L327, ).
10Differences between men and women: the example of cardiovascular disease CVD accounts for :46% of deaths in women39% of deaths in menStroke kills more women than menOf women who survive a first heart attack:42% die within a year following a heart attack, compared to 24% of men46% will be disabled by heart failure within 6 years: two times the rate in menMore will have a second heart attack/stroke compared to male survivors
11Cardiovascular disease Improvements in research neededFew women in clinical trialsLong-term studies on menPharmaceutical research carried out on menWhen it is known that the disease in question is more frequent in women
12Teenage Pregnancy: Best Practice in the UK The Teenage Pregnancy Strategy has set targets to:Reduce by 50%under-18 conception rate by2010Achieve a downward trend in the under-16 conception rateReduce the inequality in rates between those with the highest under 18 conception rate and the average rate by at least 25%Increase to 60% the participation of teenage parents in education, training or employment to reduce their risk of long-term social exclusion.
13Cancer: Best Practice in Belgium support breast awareness:VIVA-SVV boezemvriendinnen:VolunteersA project in which female volunteers motivate other women, to support and encourage each other to take part in breast cancer screening.
14Gender Equality in the EU The promotion of gender equity has been a long standing theme in the philosophy and operations of the EU.The mainstreaming of gender was formalised in the Treaty of Amsterdam with the pursuit of equality between women and men.The Treaty also included a statement to the effect that human health should be protected in ‘all Community policies and activities’.EU Gender RoadmapGender Equality in the EU
15Gender Mainstreaming: Best Practice in Sweden Since 1994, there has been a commitment to ensure that a gender equality perspective must permeate all aspects of government policy.At national level, 3 main measures have been taken to integrate a gender perspective into every policy area:All official statistics have been sex-disaggregated.Training programmes in gender equality have been held for ministers, press secretaries, political advisers and senior civil servants.All Government commissions of inquiry have been instructed to include a gender impact dimension in their investigations.
16RecommendationsEnsure that a gender sensitive approach in the training of healthcare professionalsEnsure that service planning takes account of the cultural and ideological differences that limit women’s access to, and utilisation of, services.Encourage new Member States to make greater use of structural funds for investing in health, such as supporting implementation of the Council Recommendation on Cancer ScreeningIncrease in EU Public Health budget needed
17Health PromotionAddressing health inequalities through health promotion, disease prevention and multi-sectoral actions should be at the heart of public health policy both at national and European Union levels.Consistent, coherent, simple and clear messages need to be developed, and disseminated through multiple channels and in forms appropriate to local culture, age and genderTarget information and education campaigns about health and lifestyle choices at young girls of school age in all EU member states.
18Research In June 2006 the Council adopted a Conclusion on Women’s Health. It was noted that:Reliable, compatible, comparable data on the statusof women’s health is essential.Gender-specific data and reporting are essential for public health policy making.The 7th EU Framework Programme for Research and Development (FP 7) should incorporate research programmes that:Examine possible sex differences and effects of gender in the development of research protocolsBuild a knowledge base of gender-based indicators for use in all areas of EU policies affecting health.
19RecommendationMember States must consider modifying their national data collection practices in the interests of sharing information, future planning, and learning from othersMember States must sign up to standardised systems of data collection.Without the proper data we cannot have effective & targeted public health programmes