We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byIsabel McKenna
Modified over 3 years ago
Plan © Plan Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) & Challenges Plan Kenya Experiences, Achievements, Challenges Regional Water & Sanitation Workshop Fairview Hotel – Nairobi (18 th – 21st Oct. 2010) Samuel.Musyoki@Plan-International.org www.communityledtotalsanitation.org
© Plan Plan International: Who we are Plan is an international humanitarian, child centered, development organization, without religious, political or governmental affiliation; Plans vision is of a world in which all children realize their full potential in societies that respect peoples rights and dignity; 75 Years of Existence; 48 Program Countries (13 in ESA Region) In since Kenya 1982 (28yrs)
© Plan Plan Kenya: Where we Work
© Plan Country Goal & Programs Country Goal: Transformed Institutions & Societies That Respect and Fulfil Rights of All Children in Kenya. Country Programs: Right to Health [includes Water & Sanitation] Quality Basic Education Inclusion & Protection Sustainable and Dignified Livelihoods Just and Democratic Governance
© Plan Plan Kenya & Others: Long History of Latrine Subsidies
© Plan Lets Talk About?
© Plan What is CLTS? Community-Led Total Sanitation A Participatory and Learning Action approach based on stimulating a collective sense of disgust, shame and fear among community members as they confront the crude reality about mass open defecation [environmental contamination] and its negative effects on the entire community.
© Plan Underlying Assumptions of CLTS No one can stay unmoved once they discover they are ingesting other peoples or their own faeces; High sense of shame and disgust hold the power to ignite people to take action and use their resources (not subsidy) to stop open defecation and be totally sanitised;
© Plan CLTS is Community-led: They lead and everyone in the community is involved; Total: 100% elimination of open defecation & practice of good hygiene; Sanitation: Beyond construction of toilet; Collective action: Often locally decided and not dependent on external subsidies and prescriptions of solutions.
© Plan CLTS: Sequence of Key Steps Pre-triggering: buy-in, selection of sites, training, introduction and building rapport; Triggering: Sanitation profile –mapping- calculation of quantities-transect walk- flow- channels-effects-costs-ignition moment-action planning; Post-triggering: implementation of Action plans, follow-up, monitoring and documentation. Scaling up: Going beyond CLTS…what next?
© Plan Some Photos
© Plan Triggering Responses Matchbox in a gas station Promising flames Scattered sparks Damp match box Triggering produces different responses
© Plan Background to CLTS in Kenya With previous pace and approaches, it would take >100 years and >$30 billion (@$100/HH) to achieve total sanitation in RESA; Plan RESA ins searched of cost effective, fast and sustainable approaches for accelerating sanitation work; Came across CLTS-Origins in Bangladesh and tried with documented positive results in South East Asia seemed promising; Plan decided to adopt CLTS as the major approach for sanitation promotion.
© Plan CLTS Timeline in Kenya Feb 2007: RESA training for 38 participants in Tz-3 participants from Kenya May 2007: Plan Kenya Management decides to pilot CLTS in Nyanza, Coast and Eastern regions July 2007: CLTS training and triggering in (Arujo village Homa Bay and Jaribuni village Kilifi Sept/Oct. 2007: Training and triggering Tharaka Machakos and Kisumu PUs Oct. 2007: First village (Jaribuni) attains ODF status Dec. 2007: Training and triggering of CLTS in Bondo and Siaya PUs
© Plan CLTS Timeline contd Feb. 08: UKNO/DFID CLTS grant (50,000US$ for Kenya)start-up; Mar.08: Plan/IDS AfricaSan CLTS pre- conference workshop; Apr.08: Sharing UNICEF regional workshop May 08: MOH/PH CLTS training and triggering in Kilifi; June 08: Program conference parallel start-up workshop and the plenary session with Robert; July 08: RESA CLTS training in Kilifi;
© Plan CLTS Timeline continued Aug. 08: ODF verification exercise of 20 villages of Siaya district (near Kogelo); Oct. 08: UNICEF/MoPH&S Training in Kisumu Nov. 08: World Toilet Week events including the training in Kwale; Dec. 08: AfricaSan Durban IDS/Plan pre- conference CLTS session; Mar. 09: CLTS Africa sharing event in Kilifi;
© Plan Achievements Trained over 600 practitioners (MoPH&S, UNICEF, NGOs, CBOs, local leaders and youth); Kilifi became the learning centre early ODF status; Over 860 villages in various parts of the country have been triggered & are at different stages towards ODF ; To date 146 villages have been declared ODF, in Coast (Kilifi) and Nyanza (Homabay); Adoption of CLTS for Rural sanitation by MoPHS- annual targets/CLTS coordination; Increased Interest and demand for CLTS-training and support
© Plan Achievements Change in mindsets & leading to collective action =Increased coverage & use: Kilifi from 30% to 48% between May 2008-June 2010, Homa Bay- 66 triggered 29 ODF and Busia- 380 triggered 56 ODF World Toilet Day celebrated to mark ODF for the past 3 years Media buy-in and coverage e.g. partnership with KBC series of Vitimbi; Networks and partnerships on CLTS have emerged; Children and youth participation in CLTS-School-Led Total Sanitation; Funding for CLTS, scaling-up, capacity building, advocacy research & documentation (e.g. DGIS/Plan Netherlands 8.5 million Euro in 8 African Countries; CLTS moving from Rural to Urban and to Schools; Establishment of a CLTS unit within Plan Kenya- responding demands Systematic documentation of CLTS experiences – PLA CLTS Issue, Tales of Shit in Africa
© Plan ODF
© Plan Challenges Uptake slow/not the same in the different regions Plan Kenya works; Conflicting approaches by different agencies in the sanitation sector. The allowance culture: Some are in it for the out of pocket-not passionate or committed; Doubt and scepticism among sanitation professionals Lack of willingness to let go our professionalism-wanting the communities to start at the top of the ladder; Weak M&E and reporting within the mandated institutions;
© Plan Challenges – contd Dependency syndrome in some areas emanating from previous approaches; Finding good facilitators: Not all trained find it easy and/or develop the passion to take up the CLTS challenges; Triggering without adequate mechanisms for follow-up and support; Inadequate support and mentoring of natural leaders; Private sector inability to come-up with affordable technological innovations-dependency! CLTS health outcomes/Impact research of CLTS intervention on diarrhea control and reduction in child mortality?
© Plan Future Citizen Led Total Sanitation –Urban CLTS Politics and governance of urban sanitation Land tenure City planning Tenancy standards Harnessing ICT4D Mobile/GIS mapping Partnership with Map Kibera Next Map Mathare Sanitation Marketing/Sanitation Financing-what options for urban informal settlements and small towns
© Plan Many Designs
© Plan Achievements-Triggered plus spill over in Kilifi District (May -2008- June 2010 Division No. Villages Villages triggered No. ODF villages Villages below 50% Villages above 50% Latrine coverage Kikambala86905451% Chonyi57700771.9% Bahari10818051363.1% Jaribuni341818951.5% Ganze57402260.7% Vitengeni181701705360% Bamba87150 014% District61014118358848.5
© Plan DivisionPop. HH HH with latrines as at 1 st July 10 Latrine coverage (1 st July 10) HH with new latrines HH with latrines at 31 st …2010) % Cov. ForAug201 0 Chonyi572348776636672.523640673 Bahari121198174581068661.21071101663.1 Kikambala15736520707894243.230902443.58 Ganze210093047178558.634184960.7 Bamba5275213795188113.67193014 Vitengeni639987326368750.3525421657.5 Jaribuni181172497125250.19128751.5 District4916747360634599477353572848.5 Kilifi District Latrine Coverage By Division
URBAN SANITATION AT SCALE: CAN CLTS WORK IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT? Monday, 10th October S amuel Musyoki, Strategic Director of Programs Plan International.
Human Rights Perspective of CLTS Approach (Community Led Total Sanitation) Presentation by - Shaikh A. Halim Bangladesh.
Experience Sharing of Implementing Community Led Total Sanitation in Union Council Samaro – Umerkot Sindh By Thardeep Rural Dev. Program (TRDP)
Rudolf Frauendorfer Asian Development Bank Non-State Delivery of Water and Sanitation Services: Sharing Lessons Learned UNICEF – ADB Regional Workshop.
This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during.
Presentation to East Asia Ministerial Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene (EASAN), December 2007 Reassessing and Triggering Rural Sanitation in Indonesia.
Presentation Out line Presentation Out line 1. What does sanitation intends to address 2. The Major Pillar of Sanitation 3. Where are we now on Sanitation.
Objectives, Program, Processes, Products Durban 18-20, February Piers Cross Conference Director.
Lobbying for Food Security: FAO advocacy interventions.
Sanitation and Millennium Development Goal in Afghanistan The Fourth South Asian Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN-IV) April 4-7, 2011 COLOMBO, SRI LANKA.
Water and Sanitation Status in the Kilifi DSS. B.K.Tsofa.
UMANDE TRUST Promoting Human Rights in Urban Water and Sanitation in Nairobi, Kenya Replication of similar projects to Kisumu Kisumu -Nyalenda (Mathare,
IRAN (HAMYARAN) LOCAL DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE DRAFT PROPOSAL FOR IDS-HAMYARAN COOPERATION JULY 2008.
MINISTRY OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT MOTHER AND CHILD HEALTH MRS. ELIKA KAMIJI CHIEF EPI OFFICER IMPLEMENTATION OF GAPPD: ZAMBIAN EXPERIENCE Global Immunization.
Pan African CLTS Program Kenya Philip Otieno Progress & Challenges & High lights &Lessons Learned.
Supporting water sanitation and hygiene services for life UNICEF WASH Seminar October 7 th 2015 Towards systemic change in sustainable sanitation and the.
Creating a new Social Norm Community Approaches to Total Sanitation (CATS)
Plan © Plan An introduction. © Plan It starts with ambition… Plan’s Vision is of a world in which all children realise their full potential in societies.
1 Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation Department of Environmental Health& Sanitation. PROGRESS IN ACTUALIZATION OF GOALS ON STRATEGIC INSTRUMENTS.
Sustaining and Scaling-up the Social Norm of not defecating in the open in Ghana Lorretta Roberts WASH Specialist UNICEF Ghana.
MOWAC, MMDE, MoEYS, GAC in Partnership with UNICEF, World Bank and POLICY Project MOWAC, MMDE, MoEYS, GAC in Partnership with UNICEF, World Bank and POLICY.
Plan USA © Plan International Seeking partnerships in water and environmental sanitation (WES) to benefit children, their families and communities.
SACOSAN I-III A Process of Advocacy. Before there was SACOSAN there was Africasan in 2002 It was hosted by the South African Government at Ministerial.
Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in The Gambia Using a social norms perspective to target and address local disparities in sanitation practices to.
Community Led Total Sanitation in Sub- Saharan Africa – An Update Jane Bevan, UNICEF WCARO, July 2011.
COMMUNITY HEALTH FUND AS A COMPLEMENTARY FINANCING OPTION IN TANZANIA Presented at CHF Best Practice Workshop: 31 st Jan – 2 nd Feb Golden Tulip.
World Bank Support to Road Safety in Africa Tawia Addo-Ashong Senior Transport Specialist Transport & ICT Global Practice The World Bank
Pakistan Conference on Sanitation May 2009 Status of sanitation in Northern Areas By Northern Areas LG&RDD.
Towards Total Sanitation in Indonesia Presentation to 2 nd South Asia Conference on Sanitation, Islamabad, September 2006 MINISTRY OF HEALTH REPUBLIC OF.
Regional Strategy: Programme Communication for Child Survival in West and Central Africa Neil Ford Regional Chief, Programme Communication West and Central.
ENSURING FOOD SECURITY IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA A WAY THROUGH World Farmers Organization Rome 7 th June 2012 Martin Eweg African Forum for Agricultural Advisory.
Facebook.com/BRACWorld twitter.com/BRACWorld Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Programme Dr Akramul Islam Director Water, Sanitation and.
Pan African CLTS Program Plan Malawi Progress & Challanges & Highlights & Lessons Learnt.
Ghana Good governance for water, sanitation and hygiene services Achieving pro-poor decentralised services that are sustainable.
Piloting of a market-based approach to rural sanitation in Vietnam EASAN Vietnam Task Force November 2007.
Urban CLTS Project in Mathare Slums, Nairobi - Kenya By Rose Nyawira.
C.L.E.A.N. The Key to Sustainable Total Sanitation Team 19 Kristy Hackett Samantha Kearney Theresa Lee Nicole Lipana Julia Roy Anjum Sultana.
VOLUNTARY ACTION FOR DEVELOPMENT Presenter: Ms. Mary Namwebe March 2009 EXPERIENCES IN SCALING UP WASH IN SCHOOLS IN UGANDA.
Evaluation in a Turbulent World Challenges, opportunities and innovation in evaluation practice IDEAS Global Assembly April 2011 Evaluation of.
“Better Sanitation Better Life” COUNTRY PAPER PRESENTATION BHUTAN 6 th South Asian Conference on Sanitation Dr. Pandup Tshering Ministry of Health Bhutan.
Plan © Plan From ‘Victims’ to ‘Actions’—Making children participate in the DRM CHILD CENTRED APPROACH TO DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT Plan Pakistan Oct ‘09.
South Asia Conference on Sanitation ( SACOSAN-IV) Ichharam Dulal Chief Engineer Royal Government of Bhutan Ministry of Health/MoWHS.
Patrick Sijenyi, 13 th July 2012 Can Community Led Total Sanitation accelerate sustainable progress towards achieving the MDG sanitation target? Case Study:
Sustainable WASH in Schools: Transforming a Community 2016 Presidential Conference on WASH in Schools F. Ronald Denham, Ph.D., Chair Emeritus Water & Sanitation.
Plan © Plan Pan-African CLTS Program Progress, High lights, Low lights and Lessons Learned Country : Ethiopia Presented at the Annual Review Meeting of.
Regional Water and sanitation workshop Purpose to exchange of experience between colleagues dealing with water and sanitation programmes / projects on.
PRESENTATION TO THE MOLE CONFERENCE, CHANCES HOTEL, 15 JULY 2009 YIGA BAKER M ANEW REGIONAL COORDINATOR EASTERN AFRICA.
GRAM VIKAS- AN OVERVIEW. LOCATION OF WORK 19 districts 38,397 families 542 habitations 200,000 people.
Promising Futures, Community by Community UNC-CH Water and Health Conference CLTS and CHCs – Complementary or Contradictory.
Kenza Kaouakib-Robinson United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) UN coordinator for IYS 15 August 2007,Stockholm UNITED NATIONS.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.