Presentation on theme: "Mainstreaming of DRR in Development Planning -Tajikistan Case Study Khusrav Sharifov, Manager, Disaster Risk Management Programme, UNDP Tajikistan DIPECHO."— Presentation transcript:
Mainstreaming of DRR in Development Planning -Tajikistan Case Study Khusrav Sharifov, Manager, Disaster Risk Management Programme, UNDP Tajikistan DIPECHO Regional Conference, Bishkek, November 2009
What does DRR mainstreaming mean? Mainstreaming: used to describe the consideration of Disaster Risk Reduction in national (and regional) decision making processes (planning, budgeting, development etc.)
Why mainstreaming is necessary? Various findings indicate that poor people (usually rural population) are the most vulnerable to impacts of natural disasters; Local communities are rarely consulted or able to influence decision-making; The main objective of DRR mainstreaming into local planning is to reduce the vulnerability and create resilience at the local/community level.
Lack of local human and financial capacities to deal with disasters; Protection of the population and key infrastructure; Ad hoc responses (short-term responses, uncoordinated processes, isolated projects, etc.) are NOT a solution. Why mainstreaming is necessary?
Mainstreaming of DRR in Tajikistan: Background information MDG and PRSP documents highlighting decentralization and local capacity building; UNDP project on Building Local Capacity for Planning and Budgeting Project with Ministry of Economic Development and Trade: Overall goal to localize MDG and to strengthen local governmental structures. Piloting development of 15 District Development Plans (DDP); Guidelines for the development of DDPs.
What does mainstreaming include? Development of the Section on Disaster risk reduction, prevention and preparedness to natural disasters, which includes: Situation analysis; Sectoral goals and development strategy; Development program and DRM priorities.
Achievements to date DRM chapters for seven DDPs developed; Each chapter includes: Overall damage of the district for the last 3 years; Dynamics of damage for the last 3 years; Major types of disasters specific to district and jamoats/villages; Available district disaster response and preparedness structure; Basic disaster risk issues of the district; Disaster reduction recommendations.
Mitigation projects in pilot districts based on the joint assessment and identification of priorities; DRM trainings for communities at risk. Achievements to date
Actively work with local governments on inclusion of DRR priorities into local planning; Ensure allocation of funds specifically for DRR measures from the local budgets (rather than from center); Use a combination of top-down and bottom-up approaches (legislation at national level, consultations at local level). Conclusions – Next steps