Presentation on theme: "REDD+, an introduction Michael BUCKI (DG CLIMA) Based on slides by Dr Ruth Nussbaum (ProForest)"— Presentation transcript:
REDD+, an introduction Michael BUCKI (DG CLIMA) Based on slides by Dr Ruth Nussbaum (ProForest)
Where does it come from ?
International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007) calculated: –ca 20% anthropogenic CO 2 emissions in the 1990s from land use change, mainly forests –Ca 25% total emissions reabsorbed by terrestrial ecosystems Forests crucial sources and sinks for greenhouse gases
Forests versus other GHG sources Stern Report (2006) and Eliasch review (2008) highlighted forests as a source of GHG emissions and put a number on cost of reductions McKinsey (2009) identified forests as a crucial component of any abatement strategy Forest Related Natural Gas Coal Petrol Approximate emissions in million metric tons CO 2
Developments within UNFCCC Most forest-related activities excluded from the Kyoto Protocol COP 11 Montreal in 2005 –Coalition of Rainforest Nations requested a new agenda item under the Convention on: Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries –Widespread support COP 13 Bali in 2007 –Decision 2/CP.13: Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries: approaches to stimulate action COP 15 in Copenhagen and 16 in Cancun (December 2010) made further progress GOAL: To slow, halt and reverse the loss of forest cover and forest carbon
What is it?
What is REDD? Baseline or reference level Actual emissions } Reduced emissions Time Emissions from forests Forest Emissions= Area Change X Conversion Factor Uncertainty ? Periodicity ? Additionality ? … in the context of the provision of financial resources and technical support … Estimations: bn bn/y by 2020
What is REDD + Conservation of carbon in existing stocks Reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) Enhanced removals of carbon through increasing forest cover Sustainable forest management The Forest Transition Curve
How to proceed?
Implementing REDD+ Goal –Ex Ante Support for Strategic Planning, Reforms Capacity Building, Monitoring and Baseline Setting –Losses reduced relative to baseline at national level –Performance measured nationally –Payment made ex post based on verified performance Reality –Many countries will not be able to achieve this in the short term Baselines may be challenging Not able to reduce losses relative to baseline Not able to monitor adequately
Information Needs Initial discussion focused only on carbon Now broad agreement that other forest values must be respected, hence monitored: –Tenure and use rights (particularly of indigenous people) –Biodiversity and protection of natural forests –Other ecosystem services –Equitable distribution of income
UNFCCC, AWG LCA, SBI, SBSTA REDD+ Partnership and Database UNREDD, FCPF, FIP EU REDD Facility EU REDD Platform
Expectations for the Facility Building on REDD+/FLEGT synergies or REDD as MAD (Mitigation, Adaptation, Development) 1. Supporting targeted developing country in building their capacity and improving forest governance in view of REDD+ objectives 2. Guiding selected developing countries in accessing finance for REDD+ 3. Facilitating Commission Services, MS and EU delegation support to REDD+ implementation in developing countries 4. Supporting effective communication and outreach