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1 Enhanced agricultural research throught 10 years of structural funds support: the PRAM in Martinique Open Days European Week of Regions and Cities Brussels.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Enhanced agricultural research throught 10 years of structural funds support: the PRAM in Martinique Open Days European Week of Regions and Cities Brussels."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Enhanced agricultural research throught 10 years of structural funds support: the PRAM in Martinique Open Days European Week of Regions and Cities Brussels 4-7 October 2010

2 2 Le PRAM P ôle de R echerche A gro-environnementale de la M artinique Un Groupement dIntérêt Scientifique et un outil au service du développement durable de la Martinique et de la Caraïbe

3 3 Before 1998 : a mosaic of research institutes CEMAGREF (EPST) : Institut de recherche pour lingénierie de lagriculture et de lenvironnement CIRAD (EPIC): Centre de coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement IRD (EPST) : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement INRA (EPST) : Institut national de la recherche agronomique And other regional research structures (CTCS, Centre technique de la canne et du sucre) spread over 9 different geographical sites with 23 researchers working in the field of agricultural research Facilities dilapidated and poorly equipped Difficulties in receiving students and trainees Documentation and information scattered and not very functional Low visibility

4 4 Since 1998 : Rapprochement and concerted actions 1998 : Rapprochement of 4 institutes (Cemagref, CIRAD, INRA, IRD) with the help of the DRRT and the request for funding to EC through DOCUP for the construction of an agricultural center in Martinique 1999: Preparation of the General Convention of collaboration Cemagref, CIRAD, INRA and IRD 1999: Scientific programme planning and request for funding to EC on DOCUP May 12, 2000: Laying the foundation stone of PRAM January 15, 2001: Signing of the first convention of collaboration Cemagref, CIRAD, INRA, IRD October 18, 2002: Inauguration of PRAM March 14, 2007: signing of the GIS agreement between the partners Cemagref, CIRAD, IRD

5 5 Strengths Skills and know-how internationally recognized in Tropical Agriculture Inter-institute collaboration and pooling of resources (GIS) Multidisciplinary approach facilitated PRAM: a unique tool with better visibility Weaknesses Lack of critical mass in certain disciplines Attractiveness to develop outside of the Caribbean (Caribbean-Europe axis) Develop relationships with universities Opportunities Martinique in the heart the Caribbean hot spot in term of biodiversity Growing demand for agricultural products of better quality (see ratio import / export) Ongoing relationship with the European scientific research institutes through the guardianship Institutes and projects financed by EC Threats Lack of legal personality GIS Risk in mobilizing human potential linked to the willing of guardianship institutes Financial risk associated with the end of structural funds after 2013

6 6 The Martinique agriculture at a glance Population Unemployment Agricultural sector hab 30% ( actives) 15% hab 22% ( actives) 12% Agric. Area used (SAU) ha ha Banana (area) ha5 750 ha Banana (exported) t t (estim.) Sugarcane (area)3 100 ha4 150 ha Sugarcane (tonnage) t t Sugarcane (rhum) HAP HAP Ratio import/export7,8

7 7 The challenges of agriculture in Martinique Martinique, like other countries of the Caribbean arc, faces the challenge of maintaining a significant agricultural activity, rewarding and guarantor of economic stability, social and cultural. The challenges facing agriculture Martinique revolve around three main lines: –Diversification of productions to supply the local market –Optimization of industrial crops –A reduction of the effect of cropping practices on the environment

8 8 Issue: Diversification of local productions Varietal Innovation : New banana varieties (in pre-commercial phase) New pineapple varieties Economic development of endemic fruit such as local apricot (Mammea americana)

9 9 Issue: Optimization of industrial crops

10 10 Issue: Reducing the impact of agricultural practices on the environment High Risk Soil pollution by pesticides: the case of chlordecone Effect of soil type on contamination by pesticides

11 11 PRAM: a European future Provided that: –The transition funding after 2013 (through calls for European projects, see REGPOT) –The integration into the European Research system –The political support from regional and national policy- makers Requiring: –critical mass of scientists –clearly identified goals on which resources are concentrated to achieve scientific excellence A center of excellence for Agroecology in the Caribbean


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