Prince Henry the Navigator Patron of explorers (like a Coach) -Create navigation schools -Used new technology Ex: Magnetic Compass, Accurate Maps, Faster ships (caravel) -Pushed for exploration Q: Is there another modern or historical figure who pushed for new ideas?
Hernando Cortez Conquered Mexico for Spain (defeating Aztecs) Aztecs thought he was sent from the gods Brought horses+gunpowder He exploited this to force Montezuma to surrender Enslaved indigenous population (local people)
TECHNOLOGY 4a Inventions / innovations in navigational arts from China, Ottomans, other countries Prince Henry the Navigator combined all the new technology. Better ships (Caravel) Accurate maps Better Instruments (magnetic compass)
Exploration Impact: Europeans R.A.C.E.D. to conquer the Americas (4c)
Create a chart that looks like the following in your notes: Make the “R” row 5 spaces. R A C E D
Rigid class system and dictatorships in Latin America. Encomienda System=right of Spain to demand work/money from natives. R: Spanish on top Mestizos--part Spanish, part Native American Native Americans, slaves on bottom
Africans brought to Americas as slaves A: The cargo hold of a slave ship was hot, cramped, and putrid.
C: Colonies imitate culture and social patterns of parent country. Ex: Language, Customs, traditions, religion 1. Mexico=Catholic Religion because Spain was Catholic 2. United States= English-heritage because Great Britain created colonies. 3. Brazil=Portuguese Language
Europeans immigrate to Americas E: They claim more land for their country
Diseases kill Natives Americans Demise of Aztec, Maya, and Inca Empires D: Small Pox
Impact on Africa (4c) Create trading posts along the coast that trade in slaves and gold
Impact in Asia (4c) Colonization by small groups of merchants (India, Japan, China) Influence of trading companies -Portuguese -British -Dutch
Where did they R.A.C.E.D to? (Use Map) Spain North/South America, China, Japan, Philippians Portugal Brazil, Coast of Africa, India, China, Japan France Quebec (Eastern Canada), Western America, India, Haiti, China England Eastern America, India, Australia, South Africa, China, Japan