3Competitive clusters in France A COMPETITIVE CLUSTER - A NATIONAL POLICYMembers: companies, public and private research units, universities and other education institutions, Where? a defined geographical areaWhy? Innovative projects focused on the market to improve global effectiveness.StrategyThe extent of the approach : 800 M€ R&D’s industrials projects planned in Rhone-Alpes region over the next 6 yearsA market approachThe presence of leading companiesInnovation as the motor to company competitivenessThe area as a factor of performance
5The role of public authorities in cluster policies The Grand Lyon offers a list of services to the clustersAssistance in the piloting of the cluster, defining economic actions, international promotion and the creation of transversal projectsSupport in the engineering of the development of the cluster in terms of animation and R&D projects.Mobilisation of the SME-SMI’s- as well as financial supportThe Grand Lyon supports financially the individual R&D projects in the 5 Lyon clusters. In october 2006, the Grand Lyon voted a budget of 13.2 M€ to support R&D projects Objective : develop the local economic and thus local employment.
6Economic clusters in Lyon LYON BIOPOLE: Biotechnologies, diagnostics, vaccines, virology, immunology, infectious diseases… Key companies : bioMerieux, Sanofi, Merial…AXELERA: Chemical-environment : from a curative chemical’s industry to an “avant-garde” industry. Companies involved : Rhodia, Suez, Petroleum French Institute…Urban Truck & Bus: Mobility systems and mechanical engineering. Key companies: Iris Bus, Renault Truck…Lyon Vision Mode: Fashion/design and Creative Industries. Key companies: Hermes, Legaby…Imaginove: Moving images and digital leisure. Key companies: Widescreen Games, Eden Games, Electronics Arts…
7First experiencesMore than 150 millions € invested in projects in Lyon50 R&D projects financed and in the process of realizationA spirit of cooperation between search-training-firmsAn important implication of major companies in the definition of the strategy and in the piloting of the clustersA lasting impact : cluster’s strategies are developed over a long term logic or 10 years…
8Economic clusters and their impact in Lyon Lyon’s economic development :Ambition : enter the top 20 European citiesConditions :Availability of traditional conditions for economic development (density of the economy, pool of talents, competitive costs, access to the market, quality of life,…)Focus on the development of competitive advantages based on strong partnershipsPartnerships : “Greater Lyon, a Business Spirit”, an economic strategy draft in partnershipEntrepreneurial spirit : the symbol of the territory ‘s reactivity,key account management : the mobilization of the major firms for the cityInternational clusters & high level projects: an exemplary alliance between companies, public & private research units, universities & education institutions
9Economic clusters in Europe A network of 130 largest cities in EuropeLyon Président of EurocitiesAn active policy supporting cluster developmentLeading a working group identifying best practices in public support to clustersCluster mapping in partnership with European UnionEstablishing links between clusters in Europe
10CONTACT Délégation générale au développement économique et international Grand Lyon Charles-Henri Malécot 0033 (0)