Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

UNITED AGAINST VAT FRAUD? PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF COOPERATION BETWEEN MEMBER STATES AND EU INSTITUTIONS SLOVENIAN PRESPECTIVE Marjetka Štemberger, M.Sc.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "UNITED AGAINST VAT FRAUD? PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF COOPERATION BETWEEN MEMBER STATES AND EU INSTITUTIONS SLOVENIAN PRESPECTIVE Marjetka Štemberger, M.Sc."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNITED AGAINST VAT FRAUD? PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF COOPERATION BETWEEN MEMBER STATES AND EU INSTITUTIONS SLOVENIAN PRESPECTIVE Marjetka Štemberger, M.Sc.

2

3 3 Social security contributions VAT Other taxes Tax on salaries paid Personal income tax Corporate income tax The Tax Administration provides taxpayers with services of the highest quality and in this way it assists them at tax compliance with fair and unbiased use of tax regulations. THE MISSION

4 4 ORGANISATION OF THE TAX ADMINISTRATION The Tax Administration of the Republic of Slovenia is a constituent part of the Ministry of Finance. It consists of: General Tax Office, 15 tax offices with branches, Special Tax Office (Large Business Office).

5 5 REGIONAL TAX OFFICES WITH BRANCHES

6 6

7 7 FIELDS OF INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION EXCHANGE

8 8 NEED FOR EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION Globalisation of economies and removal of exchange controls and other barriers to the free movement of capital promote economic development and world trade. BUT increase possibilities of tax avoidance and evasion, which have effects on fiscal equity and on budgets, as well as they distort international competition. European Union: free movement of goods and services; removal of tax borders between MS. THUS Need to control the correct application of the VAT rules = an international problem.

9 9 ADMINISTRATIVE COOPERATION (1) COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) NO 1798/2003 of 7 October 2003 on administrative cooperation in the field of value added tax and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 218/92. COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1925/2004 of 29 October 2004 laying down detailed rules for implementing certain provisions of Council Regulation (EC) concerning administrative cooperation in the field of value-added tax. Exchange of information on request: o Request for information and for administrative enquires, o Presence in administrative offices and participation in administrative enquires, o Simultaneous controls. Request for administrative notification

10 10 ADMINISTRATIVE COOPERATION (2) Exchange of information without prior request: o automatic exchange, o structured automatic exchange. Categories of information to be exchanged without prior request regarding: o Sales of new transport vehicles, o Long-distance sale which is not VAT applicable, o Information about possible deviations and misconducts in transactions of goods in EU – VIES, o Information on (potential) "missing traders" but VAT identification number has not been cancelled, o Information on (potential) "missing traders" taxpayer and ID number cessation.

11 11 CLO (Central liaison office) The main tasks of CLO are as follows: Transfer of VIES data VAT number validation service VAT control: Regular checking, Support to auditors (controllers and auditors), Mutual assistance. Coordination and distribution of information Administrative cooperation (translations, requests and answers must be completed and understandable, taking care of deadlines, etc.) CLO located at General Tax Office 3 employees contact person at each local office

12 12 HOW CLO FUNCTIONS AT LOCAL LEVELS? Director of the General Tax Office CLO official LO 1 Director LO16 Director LO 2 Director CLO official Controller 1 Auditor 1 General Office Local Office organisation function

13 13 EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION ON REQUEST (1) CLO receives the SCAC 2004 form or SCAC 383 form via CCN/CSI Work procedure: - Inspection of the form (as well as checking of the eligibility), - Data verification of the taxable person established in Slovenia and the taxable person established abroad, - Verification of turnover data in the VIES system, - Translation of the form, - Deposition of the original form, of the translation and of any eventual documentation on the authorised tax office (on the directory), - Notification of the tax office employee, who is responsible for CLO, about the reception of the form and establishing a 1-month deadline for finding a solution (defining a date), - In case that the tax office was not able to acquire information by the imposed deadline, it has to report it to CLO; nevertheless we follow the principle that the applicant state is notified about each discovered case in a required 3-month period, - Reception of the answer from the tax office, - CLO verifies the answers, checks the VIES system data, translates answers and together with any eventual documentation sends them to the applicant state via CCN/CSI e-mail.

14 14 EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION ON REQUEST (2) CLO receives the SCAC 2004 form or SCAC 383 form from the tax office via the directory Work procedure: - Inspection of the form (as well as checking of the eligibility), - Data verification of the taxable person established in Slovenia and the taxable person established abroad, - Verification of turnover data in the VIES system, - Translation of the form, - Sending the form and the eventual documentation to the requested state via CCN/CSI e-mail, - Reception of the answer from the requested state, - Verification of the answers and of the documentation, - Translation of the answers, - Deposition of the original form, of the translation and of any eventual documentation to the directory, - Notification of the tax office employee, who is responsible for CLO, about the reception of the answer.

15 15 PROCEDURES IN DEVIATION ANALISYS OF DATA OF THE LIABLE PERSON AND VIES VIES <> ACQUISITON (unaccounted differences in the documentation of the liable person) INFLUENCE ON VAT RETURNS IN THE REP. OF SLOVENIA YES NO MAKING REQUEST IN THE EU TRANSFER OF INFORMATION WITHOUT PRIOR REQUEST (STRUCTURED AUTOMATIC) DIFFERENCE > +- 5% YES NO INFORMATION IS NOT SENT ANSWER OF THE EU IRREGULARITIES YES VAT ASSESSMENT FOR THE DIFFERENCE PROCEDURE STOPPED N0

16 16 STATISTICS -REQUEST FOR INFORMATION (Article 5)

17 17 SPONTANEOUS EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION (1) CLO receives spontaneous information in the SCAC 2004 form or SCAC 383 form via CCN/CSI e-mail Work procedure: - Inspection of the information, - Data verification of the taxable person established in Slovenia and the taxable person established abroad, - Verification of turnover data in the VIES system, - Translation of the spontaneous information, - Deposition of the original form, of the translation and of any eventual documentation on the authorised tax office (to the directory), - Notification of the tax office employee, who is responsible for CLO, about the reception of the spontaneous information and establishing a 1-month deadline for a feedback information (defining a date), - Reception of the answer to the spontaneous information from the tax office, - CLO verifies the answers, checks the VIES system data, translates findings and together with any possible documentation sends them to the applicant state via CCN/CSI e-mail.

18 18 SPONTANEOUS EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION (2) CLO receives spontaneous information in the SCAC 2004 form or SCAC 383 form from the tax office via the directory Work procedure: - Inspection of the spontaneous information, - Data verification of the taxable person established in Slovenia and the taxable person established abroad, - Verification of turnover data in the VIES system, - Translation of the spontaneous information, - Sending the spontaneous information and the eventual documentation to the relevant Member State via CCN/CSI e-mail, - Reception of the eventual answer from the Member State, - Verification of the answer, - Translation of the answers, - Deposition of the original answer, of the translation and of the eventual documentation to the directory, - Notification of the tax office employee, who is responsible for CLO, about the reception of the answer.

19 19 AUTOMATIC AND STRUCTURED AUTOMATIC EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION Information sent: Calendar year New means of transport VAT Refund Allocation of VAT ID number Information of missing traders Information about potencial missing traders 2005337691145 -- 2006612,854551622 20073573,6729718272 AUTOMATIC AND STRUCTURED AUTOMATIC EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION Information sent:

20 20 AUTOMATIC AND STRUCTURED AUTOMATIC EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION Information sent: AUTOMATIC AND STRUCTURED AUTOMATIC EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION Information received: Calendar year New means of transport VAT Refund Allocation of VAT ID number Information about potencial missing traders Information of missing traders 2005 - 1,658 - - - 2006272,13855 - 276 200795,36163 - 5,702

21 21 SUPERVISION PROCEDURES Introduction of system supervision over newly registered companies for VAT, Introduction of computer-supported auditing with ACL programme, Introduction of procedure of pre-registration supervision at allocation of identification number for VAT purposes, Introduction of procedure for cancellation of identification number for VAT purposes out of official duty, Introduction of rotation audits, Introduction of special audit supervision methodology in cases of carousel evasion or missing trader frauds, Preparation of a special programme of annual tax audit supervision for VAT and definition of risk areas in connection with VAT.

22 22 ORGANISATIONAL MEASURES Establishing of an investigative and analytical service which deals with prevention and discovering of tax evasion (mainly in the field of VAT). VAT group which provides uniformity and legality of decision-making in tax audit supervision on the central level with the assistance of preventive methods - support to the inspector at decision-making in more difficult cases. Introduction of specialists for individual fields - construction, services for guests (hotels, restaurants, etc.), transfer pricing, sale of cars, computer- supported auditing. Starting with supervised projects – on the field of construction and motor vehicle.

23 23 PROJECT MANAGAMENT OF TAX AUDIT Starting February 2008 (2 projects: Construction and Motor Vehicle) Involved 70 % of the resources (tax auditors) ADVANTAGES: Monthly meetings – spread a good and equal practice on the whole area of Tax Administration, frequent communication between auditors, Specialization of auditors, Audits are quick and effective, Public announcement – increase of voluntary compliance of tax liabilities, Cooperation between departments in Tax Administration.

24 24 CHANGES OF THE VAT ACT Newly registered persons liable for VAT shall submit monthly settlements during the period of one year - quicker reaction time for discovering missing trader companies. Shortening of the time limit for withdrawal of VAT identification number if the taxable person fails to submit VAT settlements from 12 to 6 months (for foreign persons from 6 to 3 months) - possibility of withdrawal of VAT identification number without a special declaratory procedure. Possibility of withdrawal (cancellation) of VAT identification number according to the official procedure in cases where the taxable person fails to meet requirements for registration - missing trader companies.

25 25 CHANGES OF THE VAT ACT – FIGHT AGAINST VAT EVASION Possibility of temporary insurance between audit procedure in cases of doubtful higher claims for VAT refund. Possibility of requesting insurance or requesting warranty in cases of suspicious large VAT refund requests - before VAT refund, the taxable person shall submit appropriate insurance or warranty, from which possible obligations in cases of illegal claim may be paid.

26 26 OBJECTIVES Achieving higher level of quality and not quantity of work, and with this improvement of voluntary tax compliance and provision of uniformity of tax administration's operations. Provision of uniqueness of taxation in cases of international transactions and tax frauds with the system of taxation of transactions according to their economic contents.

27 27 COOPERATION WITH STATE INSTUTIONS The quality of supervision division performance depends also on effective cooperation with the following state institutions: o Customs Administration, o Office for Money Laundering Prevention, o General police Office, o State prosecution, o Court of Auditors of the Republic of Slovenia, o Budget Supervision Office.

28 28 ESTIMATED ADDITIONAL LIABILITIES IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN 2006 AND 31 MARCH, 2008 Calendar Year Number of audits Estimated Additional Liabilities in Out of which VAT in Number of persons liable to VAT Number of all inspectors (average) 20065,06969,058,738.1131,045,447.3489,085358 20076,27887,067,610.0038,367,988.8087,163362 2008 (1 st quarter) 1,66723,043,444.6011,479,996.6288,381 335

29 29 CONCLUSION Adoption of all necessary measures against tax frauds to prevent distortion of competition on the common market. Operation of infrastructure for communication and information exchange and provision of uniform application of the Community law. It requires a high common standard of understanding of the Community law and its application in all Member States. We achieve this only with effective training and national legal and transparent control procedures with more intensive and effective information exchange in the field of prevention of tax frauds.

30 30 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!


Download ppt "UNITED AGAINST VAT FRAUD? PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF COOPERATION BETWEEN MEMBER STATES AND EU INSTITUTIONS SLOVENIAN PRESPECTIVE Marjetka Štemberger, M.Sc."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google