Central Africa, Sudan, Chad:protracted crises in a complex environment 5 interlinked country situations Humanitarian space and relations with others actors (UN missions…) Security and access to beneficiaries Overall vulnerability and LRRD Election processes
DG ECHOs financial response SUDAN 114 M CHAD 28 M DRC 45 M BURUNDI/TANZANIA 15 M CAR 5 M ECHO-FLIGHT 8.1 M
Behind the figures: the priorities of the support provided Multisectoral assistance focusing on life-saving; Approach based on vulnerability rather than status; Surveillance and Emergency response preparedness; LRRD: exit strategy or search for complementarity; Advocacy for humanitarian space; Support to coordination, security and air transport.
EAST, WEST AND SOUTHERN AFRICA, INDIAN OCEAN (A2)
Initial budget 2009: 121 M Actual budget as of 09/12/09: 260 M Initial budget 2010: 123 M (Horn of Africa 67 M; Southern Africa 26 M; West Africa 30 M)
In order to respond, in particular, to increased needs in: - Ethiopia (from 15 M to 26 M) - Kenya (from 8 M to 27 M) - Somalia (from 18 M to 38 M) - Regional Horn of Africa (additional 50 M) - Sahel (from 13 M to 31 M)
Three specific areas of intervention: 1.Fight against malnutrition (children below 5, pregnant and lactating mothers) in the countries of the Sahel 2.Response and preparedness to drought in the countries of the Horn of Africa 3.DIPECHO Southern Africa
Key issue: Protection (Access, Humanitarian space and Advocacy) Initial budget 2010: 95.295 M Major crises and responses: Palestinian crisis: 58 M Iraqi crisis: 18 M
Occupied Palestinian Territories and Lebanon ( 58 M) Stalled Peace process. One quarter of the Palestinian population considered food insecure. Deterioration of social economic conditions of Gaza (blockade) Lack of economic perspectives of WB (fragmentation, drought) Little hope for improvement of the situation of refugees in Lebanon. Growing dependence on international aid. Focus on protection, livelihood (short term food security and cash-for work), psychosocial, water and sanitation and health service (in the West Bank only where imposed closures and movement restrictions limit the population's access to health services) and shelter rehabilitation (in Lebanon). Continued support to overall co-ordination of humanitarian aid. Yemen ( 2M) Possibility to review ECHO strategy in Yemen, response to the CAP Yemen
Iraqi crisis ( 18 M): Violence scaling down, but still very high: Remote control management remains the main MO, except for ICRC. Strict focus on emergencies and essential needs: protection, emergency health care, watsan. Refugees: Stabilisation of the number, but worsening living conditions for the most vulnerable: food aid, cash assistance, health and psychological support. Sahrawi refugees in Algeria ( 10 M): Stable crisis with little prospect of immediate durable solution, allowing medium term planning + High dependency on humanitarian aid to cover basic needs of most of the refugees + limited number of partners. Food aid: 60% of the assistance: basic food aid and fresh food distributions. Non Food: hygiene items, shelter, vaccines, essential medicines, water, sanitation and waste management. Dipecho Central Asia ( 7.295 M): a special focus on Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan Focus on capacity building, climate change adaptation and DRR mainstreaming
ECHO Strategy - 2010 Latin America and Caribbean 1. Protracted crises - Colombia: EUR 12 million Forgotten crisis Humanitarian crisis created by the internal armed conflict continues Blurring of civil-military lines, shrinking of humanitarian space - Haiti: continued intervention under 2009 budget 2. Response to new natural disasters 3. Disaster preparedness/disaster risk reduction - DIPECHO Action Plan for Central America (EUR 10 million) being prepared - DIPECHO Action Plans for South America and the Caribbean ongoing - wider DRR actions ongoing (Peru and Caribbean)
South Asia -Afghanistan: internally displaced people and almost 4 mill. refugees (Iran, Pakistan) -Pakistan: major internal population displacements ECHO priorities: Protection. Support to refugees, returnees, IDPs and host families. Facilitation of return, where possible. Support to victims of natural disasters. Challenges: Security situation, blurring of lines and consequent shrinking humanitarian space. Access and principled approach. Indicative budget: Afghanistan EUR 33 million Pakistan EUR 25 million
South Asia (contd) Sri Lanka: Multi-sectoral support to returnees, IDPs and host families after internal conflict. Support to remaining camp populations under certain conditions (benchmarks). Good LRRD opportunities. Major concerns: access for INGOs and safety and security for returnees. India: Support to victims of the Kashmir and Naxalite conflicts and to the victims of cyclone Aila.… Nepal: Continued food aid to Bhutanese refugees, phasing out response to internal conflict. Some LRRD opportunities. … Bangladesh: Support, incl. protection, for 33,500 unregistered Rohingya refugees and to the victims of cyclone Aila. … DRR: Ongoing DIPECHO Action Plan South Asia (EUR 10 million)
South East Asia/Pacific Burma/Myanmar and Thailand: Continued support to 140,000 Burmese refugees in camps in Thailand; 800,000 stateless people (Rohingya) in Northern Rakhine State (NRS); 500,000 IDPs of low-intensity conflict in border regions Indicative budget: EUR 17.25 million Philippines: Support to conflict affected populations in Mindanao Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Philippines: Phasing out of assistance provided in 2009 in response to natural disasters DRR: 7th DIPECHO Action Plan for South East Asia (EUR 10 m) Targeted community based DRR action in the Pacific
DG ECHOs Operational Strategy Two key priorities: Policy – finish revision of Humanitarian Food Assistance Policy and implement it, and contribute to policy debate on nutrition Food Aid Convention – coordinate the EUs role Approach based on vulnerability rather than status; Humanitarian Food Assistance
DG ECHOs Operational Strategy Other key task: Manage DG ECHOs food assistance response to the ongoing effects of recent crises Humanitarian Food Assistance
Communication strategy Communicate key humanitarian messages and Europes role as widely as possible, notably through the media. Focus on high impact activities with a significant multiplier effect. Engage with young Europeans. Work with key humanitarian organisations to highlight our partnership and the way this contributes to saving lives and relieving suffering. Maintain efforts to mainstream communication and encourage a wider communication reflex (internal).
Priority issues Humanitarian principles (including IHL and the threat to the humanitarian space) Climate change (in particular the impact of weather- related natural disasters and the importance of disaster-risk reduction)
Communicating with partners 1.Grants -Visibility line in operational agreements. Basic visibility obligation. See toolkit at: http://ec.europa.eu/echo/about/actors/visibility_en.htm -Planned communication decision ----------------------------------------------------------- 2.Service contracts -Communication activities run by partners for ECHO -Communication activities run by commercial contractors for ECHO (in Member States) with partner involvement in the action
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