Presentation on theme: "Food and Livelihood Security (FLS) Project"— Presentation transcript:
1 Food and Livelihood Security (FLS) Project Welcome toPresentation onSocial Transfers in BangladeshPhnom Penh, February 2013
2 Country Context Demographic Information In numbers In percentage Total Population in Bangladesh149,772,364100Male74,980,38650.06Female74,791,97849.94Relevant informationArea147,570 sq kmPopulation Density1,015 per sq kmPer Capita Income818 USDPopulation Growth Rate1.37Stunting rate41 %Wasting rate16 %2
3 Poverty rate in percentage Country context cont…Country ContextPoverty rate in percentageYearYear 2010Overall poverty rate58.831.5Extreme poverty41.017.6Source: Sixth Five-Year Plan (SFYP) 2011 – 2015Bangladesh is on-track to achieve the poverty reduction targets of MDG 1SFYP estimated 56 million people still below poverty line
4 SOCIAL TRANSFER PROGRAMMES IN BANGLADESH In Bangladesh there are currently more than 90 social safety net programmes in operation under 14 different ministries and departments
5 Description of major social transfer programmes in Bangladesh Objectives:Helping create assets at individual, household and community levels to reduce food insecurity;Helping individuals and households protect their assets when various types of shocks occur;Helping individuals and households to use their existing resources more effectively, and thereby helping them to cope with various types of risks;Directly raising economic growth rates by reducing inequity.
6 Types of Social Transfer Programme Provision of special allowances for the various underprivileged sections of the population, so that the poor and disadvantaged people can tackle the poverty effectively;Employment generation through grant or micro-credit and different fund management programmes;Food security based activities to better manage the consequences of natural disasters; andProvision of education, health and training to make the excluded community more capable and self-reliant.
7 Main Social Transfer Programmes in Bangladesh (1EUR=100 TK) Name of Programme/ProjectTotal no. of beneficiariesSocial transfer/ben./monthDurationObjectiveRemarksVGD0.75 M750Tk (30 Kg Rice)24 MonthsIncreased Food Security for Ultra-poor WomenMoWCA, DWAAllowances for Lactating Mother0.077M350Tk12 MonthsNutrition Support for Lactating MotherAllowances for Pregnant Mother0.112MNutrition Support for Pregnant MotherFLS0.08M400Tk20 MonthsIncrease Food SecurityOld Age Allowances2.475M300TkWhole LifeTo Support Old Age Poor PeopleDSSWidow Allowances0.920M-To Support Insolvent Poor WidowsHonorarium for Insolvent Freedom Fighter0.15M2000TkTo Support Financially Insolvent Freedom Freighter
8 (Cont.) Name of Programme/ Project Total no. of beneficiaries Social transfer/ben./monthDurationObjectiveRemarksDisabled Student Allowances0.019MTkStudent LifeTo Support Disabled StudentsDSSSecondary School Stipend for Female Student1.821M150Tk & 200TkTo Assist Female Students to be more educatedMinistry of EducationAllowances for the Financially Insolvent Disabled0.286M350TkWhole LifeTo help survival of disabled communityProtection of Children at Risk0.028MTo help survival of Children at RiskHigher Secondary School Stipend for Female Student0.281M250TkStipend for Primary School Student7.869M100TkTo Enhance Primary Education and increase literacy rateMinistry of PrimaryEduc ationPrimary School Feeding (World Bank)1.290MFood(Equivalent 60Tk)Student Life (Primary)Nutrition Support for Primary StudentsMinistry of Primary EducationPrimary School Feeding (EC)0.200M(Cont.)
9 MECHANISMS FOR GOB-DEVELOPMENT PARTNER (EU) COORDINATION In the case of the EU-funded Food and Livelihood Security project there are several mechanisms for GoB-EU coordination:Programme Steering Committee (PSC) chaired by Secretary of MoWCAProject Implementation Committee (PIC) for FLS project chaired by Director General of Department of Women AffairsProject Coordination Committee chaired by Project Director
10 TARGETING MECHANISMS IN BANGLADESH In the case of Food and Livelihood Security project there has been:Geographic targeting to identify percentage of ultra-poor in each district using WFP poverty mappingprecise criteria for beneficiary selectionthe process for selecting beneficiary has been bottom-up, democratic and participatory. Meetings were called for all classes and corners of the village population. Villagers made a list of the female-headed households and marginal and share-cropper households of that village. House-to-house visits were then carried out by village representatives and field workers and family survey forms were completed.
11 The beneficiary selection criteria for the 50,000 ultra-poor women are Households with excessive food insecurity, i.e. household members are unable to afford three meals per day Real landless households i.e. households that do not have any land or have less than 0.15 acre land Female-headed household (women who are divorced or deserted or widowed or abandoned or who have disabled husband or do not have earning household member or do not have any source of income) Women aged between 18 to 55 years.If all four criteria are met, then women from ethnic minorities receive preference.
12 The beneficiary selection criteria for the 30,000 marginal and share-cropper farmers are Marginal Farmers or Share Cropper Farmers are defined as: Farmers with minimum 0.05 acre of cultivatable land and maximum 1 acre leased land/ Share-Cropper Farmer Maximum 0.25 acre own cultivatable land and up to acre rented land/ Share-Cropper Farmer.
13 DELIVERY MECHANISMSIn the Food and Livelihood Security projectEach ultra-poor female beneficiary receives cash transfers:Tk.400/- subsistence allowance per month for 20 monthsTk.1000/- as cash grant for IGA inputs (one-time payment)Tk.14,500/- as cash grant for productive assets. (one-time payment)Each marginal and share-cropper farmer receives cash transfers:Tk. 400/- subsistence allowance per month for 20 monthsTk. 4100/- as cash grant for IGA inputs (one-time payment)Tk. 6500/- as cash grant for productive assets. (one-time payment)
14 MODALITIES OF RECEIVING ALLOWANCES AND CASH TRANSFERS Beneficiaries are organized into groups of approximately 25 beneficiaries and hold meetings twice a monthEach group has opened a group current account and savings account in a local bank in order to receive the group’s monthly subsistence allowancesTk. 50/- is retained from each beneficiary’s monthly Tk. 400/- subsistence allowance as mandatory savingsEach beneficiary has also opened an individual bank account in order to receive his/her cash transfer for inputs and productive assets
15 NOTABLE INNOVATIONSIn the EU-funded Food and Livelihood Security project there are two main notable innovations to improve the effectiveness of social transfers in the fight against hunger:Every beneficiary has an individual bank account for receiving cash transfers for inputs and productive assetsAgricultural extension activities are being implemented through Farmer Field Schools to marginal farmers and share-croppers in order to improve their farm revenues and productivity to achieve food security
16 SHORT DESCRIPTION OF FOOD AND LIVELIHOOD SECURITY PROJECT The Food and Livelihood Security (FLS) Project in Bangladesh is funded by the European UnionIt is Implemented by the Department of Women Affairs (DWA), executed through the Ministry of Women & Children Affairs (MoWCA) of Government of the Peoples' Republic of Bangladesh (GoB)It was launched in February 2012 and has a duration of 27 monthsIt is the European Union's 5th consecutive social safety net project executed through MoWCA in Bangladesh.
17 FLS OBJECTIVES Long Term Improved food security of rural ultra-poor households in the North-western districts of Bangladesh.Short Term50,000 ultra-poor female headed households and 30,000 ultra-poor marginal farmer and share-cropper households in the south-western part of Rajshahi Division have improved food security and livelihoods and are mainstreamed in the overall development process
18 There are 4 expected results of the FLS project:- Result 1: Increased production and consumption of nutritious food. Multi-layered home gardens will be promoted in order to supply extra nutritious food and for earning income from the sale of the produce.Result 2: Improved household income and livelihood from non-agricultural activities. Landless households will be encouraged to increase and diversify their income sources and livelihood options by taking up one or more income-generating activities in addition to home gardens.(Cont.)
19 Result 3: Improved revenues and productivity for marginal farmers and share-croppers. Farmers will be involved in agricultural extension activities such as Farmer Field Schools through their farmers’ groups.Result 4: Increased social inclusion and community coherence. It is expected that by the end of the project, the women and their household members will be gradually removed from their position of social exclusion and will be mainstreamed into overall development interventions.
20 PROJECT COST (1EUR=100TK) Estimated cost of the Project (In Lakh Taka) Total : BDT 223 Crore 33 LakhGoB : BDT 5 Crore 40 LakhEU : BDT 216 CroreNGO Contribution : :BDT 1 Crore 93 Lakh
21 Visit of the Minister and EU Ambassador to FLS Distribution Ceremony of Monthly Subsistence Allowances in Atrai, Naogaon03 October 2012