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Welcome to Presentation on Social Transfers in Bangladesh Phnom Penh, February 2013 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to Presentation on Social Transfers in Bangladesh Phnom Penh, February 2013 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to Presentation on Social Transfers in Bangladesh Phnom Penh, February 2013 1

2 Country Context 2 Demographic InformationIn numbersIn percentage Total Population in Bangladesh149,772,364100 Male74,980,38650.06 Female74,791,97849.94 2 Relevant information Area147,570 sq km Population Density1,015 per sq km Per Capita Income818 USD Population Growth Rate1.37 Stunting rate41 % Wasting rate16 %

3 Country Context 3 Country context cont… Poverty rate in percentage Year 1991-92Year 2010 Overall poverty rate58.831.5 Extreme poverty41.017.6 Source: Sixth Five-Year Plan (SFYP) 2011 – 2015 Bangladesh is on-track to achieve the poverty reduction targets of MDG 1 SFYP estimated 56 million people still below poverty line

4 SOCIAL TRANSFER PROGRAMMES IN BANGLADESH In Bangladesh there are currently more than 90 social safety net programmes in operation under 14 different ministries and departments 4

5 Description of major social transfer programmes in Bangladesh Objectives: Helping create assets at individual, household and community levels to reduce food insecurity; Helping individuals and households protect their assets when various types of shocks occur; Helping individuals and households to use their existing resources more effectively, and thereby helping them to cope with various types of risks; Directly raising economic growth rates by reducing inequity. 5

6 Types of Social Transfer Programme Provision of special allowances for the various underprivileged sections of the population, so that the poor and disadvantaged people can tackle the poverty effectively; Employment generation through grant or micro-credit and different fund management programmes; Food security based activities to better manage the consequences of natural disasters; and Provision of education, health and training to make the excluded community more capable and self-reliant. 6

7 Main Social Transfer Programmes in Bangladesh (1EUR=100 TK) 7 Name of Programme/Proj ect Total no. of beneficiari es Social transfer/ ben./month DurationObjectiveRemarks VGD0.75 M 750Tk (30 Kg Rice) 24 Months Increased Food Security for Ultra-poor Women MoWCA, DWA Allowances for Lactating Mother 0.077M350Tk12 Months Nutrition Support for Lactating Mother MoWCA, DWA Allowances for Pregnant Mother 0.112M350Tk12 Months Nutrition Support for Pregnant Mother MoWCA, DWA FLS0.08M400Tk20 MonthsIncrease Food SecurityMoWCA, DWA Old Age Allowances2.475M300TkWhole Life To Support Old Age Poor People DSS Widow Allowances0.920M300Tk- To Support Insolvent Poor Widows DSS Honorarium for Insolvent Freedom Fighter 0.15M2000TkWhole LifeTo Support Financially Insolvent Freedom Freighter DSS

8 8 (Cont.) Name of Programme/ Project Total no. of beneficiaries Social transfer/ben. /month DurationObjectiveRemarks Disabled Student Allowances 0.019M300-1000TkStudent Life To Support Disabled Students DSS Secondary School Stipend for Female Student 1.821M150Tk & 200TkStudent Life To Assist Female Students to be more educated Ministry of Education Allowances for the Financially Insolvent Disabled 0.286M350TkWhole Life To help survival of disabled community DSS Protection of Children at Risk 0.028M350TkStudent Life To help survival of Children at Risk Ministry of Education Higher Secondary School Stipend for Female Student 0.281M250TkStudent Life To Assist Female Students to be more educated Ministry of Education Stipend for Primary School Student 7.869M100TkStudent Life To Enhance Primary Education and increase literacy rate Ministry of PrimaryEduc ation Primary School Feeding (World Bank) 1.290M Food (Equivalent 60Tk) Student Life (Primary) Nutrition Support for Primary Students Ministry of Primary Education Primary School Feeding (EC)0.200MFood (Equivalent 60Tk) Student Life (Primary) Nutrition Support for Primary Students Ministry of Primary Education

9 MECHANISMS FOR GOB-DEVELOPMENT PARTNER (EU) COORDINATION In the case of the EU-funded Food and Livelihood Security project there are several mechanisms for GoB-EU coordination: Programme Steering Committee (PSC) chaired by Secretary of MoWCA Project Implementation Committee (PIC) for FLS project chaired by Director General of Department of Women Affairs Project Coordination Committee chaired by Project Director 9

10 TARGETING MECHANISMS IN BANGLADESH In the case of Food and Livelihood Security project there has been: Geographic targeting to identify percentage of ultra-poor in each district using WFP poverty mapping precise criteria for beneficiary selection the process for selecting beneficiary has been bottom-up, democratic and participatory. Meetings were called for all classes and corners of the village population. Villagers made a list of the female-headed households and marginal and share- cropper households of that village. House-to-house visits were then carried out by village representatives and field workers and family survey forms were completed. 10

11 11 The beneficiary selection criteria for the 50,000 ultra-poor women are Households with excessive food insecurity, i.e. household members are unable to afford three meals per day Real landless households i.e. households that do not have any land or have less than 0.15 acre land Female-headed household (women who are divorced or deserted or widowed or abandoned or who have disabled husband or do not have earning household member or do not have any source of income) Women aged between 18 to 55 years. If all four criteria are met, then women from ethnic minorities receive preference.

12 12 The beneficiary selection criteria for the 30,000 marginal and share-cropper farmers are Marginal Farmers or Share Cropper Farmers are defined as: Farmers with minimum 0.05 acre of cultivatable land and maximum 1 acre leased land/ Share-Cropper Farmer Maximum 0.25 acre own cultivatable land and up to 1 acre rented land/ Share-Cropper Farmer.

13 DELIVERY MECHANISMS 13 In the Food and Livelihood Security project Each ultra-poor female beneficiary receives cash transfers: Tk.400/- subsistence allowance per month for 20 months Tk.1000/- as cash grant for IGA inputs (one-time payment) Tk.14,500/- as cash grant for productive assets. (one-time payment) Each marginal and share-cropper farmer receives cash transfers: Tk. 400/- subsistence allowance per month for 20 months Tk. 4100/- as cash grant for IGA inputs (one-time payment) Tk. 6500/- as cash grant for productive assets. (one-time payment)

14 MODALITIES OF RECEIVING ALLOWANCES AND CASH TRANSFERS Beneficiaries are organized into groups of approximately 25 beneficiaries and hold meetings twice a month Each group has opened a group current account and savings account in a local bank in order to receive the groups monthly subsistence allowances Tk. 50/- is retained from each beneficiarys monthly Tk. 400/- subsistence allowance as mandatory savings Each beneficiary has also opened an individual bank account in order to receive his/her cash transfer for inputs and productive assets 14

15 NOTABLE INNOVATIONS In the EU-funded Food and Livelihood Security project there are two main notable innovations to improve the effectiveness of social transfers in the fight against hunger: Every beneficiary has an individual bank account for receiving cash transfers for inputs and productive assets Agricultural extension activities are being implemented through Farmer Field Schools to marginal farmers and share- croppers in order to improve their farm revenues and productivity to achieve food security 15

16 SHORT DESCRIPTION OF FOOD AND LIVELIHOOD SECURITY PROJECT The Food and Livelihood Security (FLS) Project in Bangladesh is funded by the European Union It is Implemented by the Department of Women Affairs (DWA), executed through the Ministry of Women & Children Affairs (MoWCA) of Government of the Peoples' Republic of Bangladesh (GoB) It was launched in February 2012 and has a duration of 27 months It is the European Union's 5 th consecutive social safety net project executed through MoWCA in Bangladesh. 16

17 FLS OBJECTIVES Long Term Improved food security of rural ultra-poor households in the North-western districts of Bangladesh. Short Term 50,000 ultra-poor female headed households and 30,000 ultra-poor marginal farmer and share-cropper households in the south-western part of Rajshahi Division have improved food security and livelihoods and are mainstreamed in the overall development process 17

18 EXPECTED RESULTS 18 There are 4 expected results of the FLS project:- Result 1: Increased production and consumption of nutritious food. Multi-layered home gardens will be promoted in order to supply extra nutritious food and for earning income from the sale of the produce. Result 2: Improved household income and livelihood from non-agricultural activities. Landless households will be encouraged to increase and diversify their income sources and livelihood options by taking up one or more income- generating activities in addition to home gardens. (Cont.)

19 Result 3: Improved revenues and productivity for marginal farmers and share-croppers. Farmers will be involved in agricultural extension activities such as Farmer Field Schools through their farmers groups. Result 4: Increased social inclusion and community coherence. It is expected that by the end of the project, the women and their household members will be gradually removed from their position of social exclusion and will be mainstreamed into overall development interventions. 19

20 PROJECT COST (1EUR=100TK) Estimated cost of the Project (In Lakh Taka) Total : BDT 223 Crore 33 Lakh GoB : BDT 5 Crore 40 Lakh EU : BDT 216 Crore NGO Contribution: :BDT 1 Crore 93 Lakh 20

21 21 Visit of the Minister and EU Ambassador to FLS Distribution Ceremony of Monthly Subsistence Allowances in Atrai, Naogaon 03 October 2012

22 THANK YOU! 22

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