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JOINT HUMANITARIAN-DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK (JHDF) IN THE CONTEXT OF FOOD SECURITY W HY A JHDF? W HO IS I NVOLVED ? H OW ? T HE W AY F ORWARD.

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Presentation on theme: "JOINT HUMANITARIAN-DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK (JHDF) IN THE CONTEXT OF FOOD SECURITY W HY A JHDF? W HO IS I NVOLVED ? H OW ? T HE W AY F ORWARD."— Presentation transcript:

1 JOINT HUMANITARIAN-DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK (JHDF) IN THE CONTEXT OF FOOD SECURITY W HY A JHDF? W HO IS I NVOLVED ? H OW ? T HE W AY F ORWARD

2 W HY A JHDF? Under the strategy priority No. 3 of the FSTP : To promote food security for the poor and vulnerable in exceptional situations To contribute to this objective, humanitarian and development actors need to work together: Preparation of a joint humanitarian- development framework

3 JHDF : W HO IS I NVOLVED ? EU Delegations and experts from ECHO With the support of HQs (DEVCO, ECHO) If possible, in collaboration with other donors and partners Principles to be kept in mind: A decentralised exercise Focus on the process of elaborating a JHDF, not the procedure

4 H OW TO D ESIGN A JHDF ? Following a 5-step process: Step 1: Discussion on the overall nature of the crisis Step 2: Identification of target population Step 3: Joint analysis of the causes for food insecurity of target population Step 4: Identification of EU responses Step 5: Assessment of the coherence of EU interventions, definition of strategic priorities and design of an action plan

5 AN EXAMPLE INSPIRED BY A POST - NATURAL DISASTER SITUATION (F LOOD IN B URKINA F ASO )

6 Step 1: Discussion of the crisis Flood in rural areas Step 2: Target population already vulnerable people, affected by floods Important reminder: The objective of the FSTP is to address the food insecurity of the poor and vulnerable population affected by this natural disaster

7 Step 3: Analysis of the causes of food insecurity Causes leading to the deterioration of the situation of target population and contributing to its food insecurity

8 A S CHEMATIC C AUSAL M ODEL Direct impact of the flood Contributing to Indirect impact of the flood

9 Livestock, crops, grain stores destroyed Schools damaged Houses destroyed Feeder roads destroyed Irrigation schemes damaged National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures destroyed Dam destroyed Trunk roads destroyed Dikes destroyed Malfunction & destruction of local markets

10 Livestock, crops, grain stores destroyed Schools damaged Irrigation schemes damaged Houses destroyed Destruction & Dysfonctionnement des marchés communaux Feeder roads destroyed Dikes destroyed National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures destroyed Trunk roads destroyed Dam destroyed Malfunction & destruction of local markets Erosion of financial capital LIVELIHOODS

11 Schools damaged Irrigation schemes damaged Destruction & Dysfonctionnement des marchés communaux Feeder roads destroyed Dikes destroyed National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures destroyed Trunk roads destroyed Dam destroyed Malfunction & destruction of local markets Erosion of financial capital Reduced access to food Reduced access to health Reduced access to shelter Reduced access to education Food insecurity and livelihood deterioration LIVELIHOODS Livestock, crops, grain stores destroyed Houses destroyed

12 Irrigation schemes damaged Destruction & Dysfonctionnement des marchés communaux Feeder roads destroyed Dikes destroyed National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures destroyed Malfunction & destruction of local markets Erosion of financial capital Reduced access to food Reduced access to health Reduced access to shelter Reduced access to education Lack of flood plain management Lack of a national early warning system Dysfunctional provincial early warning Dysfunctional commune early warning No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Deforestation Dam destroyed Lack of maintenance and surveillance of dams Poor road design and maintenance Low investment in education Trunk roads destroyed Food insecurity and livelihood deterioration Schools damaged LIVELIHOODS Livestock, crops, grain stores destroyed Houses destroyed

13 Step 4: Identification of the EU response (current, programmed and planned)

14 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Irrigation schemes damaged Malfunction & destruction of local markets National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures destroyed Trunk roads destroyed Dam destroyed Restoration financial capital Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter Reduced access to education Lack of flood plain management Lack of a national early warning system Dysfunctional provincial early warning system Dysfunctional commune early warning system ECHO Feeder roads rehabilitation Poor road design and maintenance Lack of maintenance and surveillance of dams Low investment in education Deforestation No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Improvement of food security and livelihoods Schools damaged Dikes destroyed LIVELIHOODS Houses destroyed

15 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Irrigation schemes damaged Housing reconstruction Well-functioning local markets Dike recovery National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Trunk roads destroyed Dam destroyed Restoration financial capital Reduced access to education Lack of flood plain management Lack of a national early warning system Development provincial early warning system Development commune early warning system ECHO Feeder roads rehabilitation Envelope B / FSTP Low investment in education Lack of maintenance and surveillance of dams Deforestation No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Improvement of food security and livelihoods Schools damaged LIVELIHOODS Poor road design and maintenance Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter

16 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Irrigation schemes damaged Housing reconstruction Dike recovery National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Dam reconstruction Restoration financial capital Reduced access to education Lack of flood plain management Lack of a national early warning system Development provincial early warning system Development commune early warning system ECHO Feeder roads rehabilitation Envelope B / FSTP Geographic programmes Regional programme Appropriate road design and maintenance Maintenance and surveillance of dams Low investment in education Trunk roads destroyed Reforestation No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Improvement of food security and livelihoods Well-functioning local markets Schools damaged LIVELIHOODS Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter

17 Step 5: Analysis of risks and shortcoming of EU interventions & Design of an action plan

18 A NALYSIS OF EU I NTERVENTIONS Gaps? Overlapping? Contradictions? No sustainability and no possible exit strategy (for the humanitarians)?

19 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Irrigation schemes damaged Housing reconstruction Dike recovery National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Trunk roads destroyed Dam reconstruction Restoration financial capital Reduced access to education Lack of flood plain management Lack of a national early warning system Development provincial early warning system Development commune early warning system ECHO Feeder roads rehabilitation Envelope B / FSTP Geographic programmes Regional programme Gaps? Other donors? Appropriate road design and maintenance Maintenance and surveillance of dams Low investment in education Reforestation No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Improvement of food security and livelihoods Well-functioning local markets Schools damaged LIVELIHOODS Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter

20 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Irrigation schemes damaged Housing reconstruction Dike recovery National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Trunk roads destroyed Dam reconstruction Restoration financial capital Reduced access to education Lack of flood plain management Lack of a national early warning system Development provincial early warning system Development commune early warning system ECHO Feeder roads rehabilitation Envelope B / FSTP Geographic programmes Regional programme Duplication or reinforcement? Reforestation No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Appropriate road design and maintenance Maintenance and surveillance of dams Low investment in education Improvement of food security and livelihoods Well-functioning local markets Schools damaged LIVELIHOODS Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter

21 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Irrigation schemes damaged Housing reconstruction Dike recovery National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Trunk roads destroyed Dam reconstruction Restoration financial capital Reduced access to education Lack of flood plain management Lack of a national early warning system Development provincial early warning system Development commune early warning system ECHO Commune roads rehabilitation Envelope B / FSTP Geographic programmes Regional programme Contradictions? Reforestation No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Appropriate road design and maintenance Maintenance and surveillance of dams Low investment in education Amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire et des conditions de vie Well-functioning local markets Schools damaged LIVELIHOODS Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter

22 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Irrigation schemes damaged Housing reconstruction Dike recovery National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Trunk roads destroyed Dam reconstruction Restoration financial capita l Reduced access to education Lack of flood plain management Lack of a national early warning system Development provincial early warning system Development commune early warning system ECHO Commune roads rehabilitation Envelope B / FSTP Geographic programmes Regional programme Sustainability? Reforestation No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Appropriate road design and maintenance Maintenance and surveillance of dams Low investment in education Improvement of food security and livelihoods Well-functioning local markets Schools damaged LIVELIHOODS Restored access to shelter Restored access to food Restored access to health

23 C HRONO - COHERENCE Analysis of the timing and sequencing in a global way Identification of different phases (and phasing out)

24 Livestock, crops, grain stores destroyed Irrigation schemes damaged Houses destroyed Malfunction & destruction of local markets Dikes destroyed National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures destroyed Trunk roads destroyed Barrage détruit Erosion of financial capital Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter Reduced access to education Lack of flood plain management Lack of a national early warning system Dysfunctional provincial early warning system Dysfunctional commune early warning system Feeder roads destroyed Phase No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Deforestation Dam destroyed Lack of maintenance and surveillance of dams Poor road design and maintenance Low investment in education Improvement of food security and livelihoods Schools damaged LIVELIHOODS

25 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Irrigation schemes damaged Malfunction & destruction of local markets Dikes destroyed National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Trunk roads destroyed Dam destroyed Restoration financial capital Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter Reduced access to education Lack of a national early warning system Dysfunctional provincial early warning system Dysfunctional commune early warning system Housing reconstruction Phase Feeder roads rehabilitation Flood plain management plan No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Deforestation Lack of maintenance and surveillance of dams Poor road design and maintenance Low investment in education Improvement of food security and livelihoods Schools damaged LIVELIHOODS

26 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Schools reconstruction Irrigation schemes damaged Dikes destroyed National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Trunk roads rehabilitation Dam destroyed Restoration financial capital Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter Reduced access to education Lack of a national early warning system Dysfunctional provincial early warning system Dysfunctional commune early warning system Housing reconstruction Feeder roads rehabilitation Flood plain management plan Phase Appropriate road design and maintenance 2 Investment policy in education 2 No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Deforestation Lack of maintenance and surveillance of dams 2 Improvement of food security and livelihoods Well-functioning local markets LIVELIHOODS

27 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Schools reconstruction Irrigation schemes rehabilitation National level Provincial level County level Village level Individual level Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Trunk roads rehabilitation Restoration financial capital Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter Reduced access to education Lack of a national early warning system Dysfunctional provincial early warning system Dysfunctional commune early warning system Housing reconstruction Feeder roads rehabilitation Flood plain management plan Investment policy in education Phase Dike recovery Dam reconstruction 3 Maintenance and surveillance of dams 3 Appropriate road design and maintenance No formulation or implementation of watershed management policies Deforestation Improvement of food security and livelihoods Well-functioning local markets LIVELIHOODS

28 Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Irrigation schemes rehabilitation National level Provincial level County level Village level Niveau individu Household level Supra national level Pastures rehabilitation Trunk roads rehabilitation Restoration financial capital Restored access to food Restored access to health Restored access to shelter Reduced access to education Development national early warning system Development provincial early warning system Development commune early warning system Watershed management policies Reforestation Housing reconstruction Feeder roads rehabilitation Flood plain management plan Dike recovery Dam reconstruction Phase Investment policy in education Maintenance and surveillance of dams Appropriate road design and maintenance Improvement of food security and livelihoods Well-functioning local markets 44 Schools reconstruction LIVELIHOODS

29 Step 5: Design of an action plan

30 Level of intervention Phase 0Phase 1Phase 2Phase 3Phase 4 Supra national (regional) Reforestation National Flood plain management plan > Road policy Education policy > Dam reconstr. Dam policy > Watershed manag. policy EW system Provincial Provincial roads rehabilitation > Dike recovery > EW system County Feeder roads rehabilitation > Villages Pastures rehabilitation Schools reconstr > Irrigation schemes rehabilitation > EW system Households Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment Housing reconstr > Individuals Direct actions: Food assistance Health > Food security (ST) >

31 Level of intervention ECHOEnvelope B / FSTP Geographic programmes Regional programme Other donors Phase 0 Direct actions: Food assistance Health Phase 1 Food security (ST)Pastures rehab. Housing reconstr. Flood plain management plan Phase 2 Road policy Provincial roads rehabilitation Schools reconstr. Education policy Phase 3 Dike rehabilitationDam reconstr. Dam policy Irrigation schemes rehabilitation Phase 4 EW systems (province and county) Reforestation National EW system Watershed manag. policy Livestock, crops, grain stores replenishment

32 T HE W AY F ORWARD Specific technical assistance and training July in Brussels: Training Acting in transition To help EC/EU staff to prepare JHDF To help staff better understand EC/EU policies, regulations and administrative modalities applicable to transition situations

33 A S ELECTION OF K EY D OCUMENTS AVAILABLE AT Linking relief, rehabilitation and development – COM(1996) 153 – April 1996COM(1996) 153 Linking relief, rehabilitation and development. An assessment – COM(2001) 153 – April 2001COM(2001) 153 Governance in the European Consensus on Development – COM(2006) 421 – August 2006COM(2006) 421 Towards an EU response to situations of fragility – COM(2007) 643 – October 2007COM(2007) 643 EU Council conclusions on Security and Development - November 2007

34 A S ELECTION OF K EY D OCUMENTS AVAILABLE AT Reinforcing the Unions disaster response capacity – COM(2008)130 – April 2008COM(2008)130 EU strategy for supporting disaster risk reduction in developing countries – COM(2009) 84 – February 2009 COM(2009) 84 FSTP: Thematic strategy paper (update) and multiannual indicative programme – December 2010 ROSA Newsletter No. 8 : Linking relief, rehabilitation and development – August 2008


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