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Government of the Canary Islands Tourism and the coastal line: the limits for growth Faustino García Márquez.

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Presentation on theme: "Government of the Canary Islands Tourism and the coastal line: the limits for growth Faustino García Márquez."— Presentation transcript:

1 Government of the Canary Islands Tourism and the coastal line: the limits for growth Faustino García Márquez

2 UNESCO 1993 UNESCO 2002 UNESCO 2000UNESCO 2005 4 Biosphere Reserves, 1 Natural heritage of humanity 4 National Parks 146 Protected natural areas (41% of the territory) Areas with european community interest, Special Protection Areas for birds (SPA), Areas of interest for birds Environmental end economic value of the territory UNESCO 2007

3 inhabitants 1900 - 2001 - (2021) 1991-2001: Pájara x 28 Fuerteventura x 18 Antigua x 25 Lanzarote x 16 Yaiza x 24 Canarias x 12 Adeje x 23 La Oliva x 22 x 10

4 Tourist demand evolution 1960 - 2005 69.000 821.000 2.521.000 5.605.000 12.000.000 (ISTAC) Unlimited growth cycle run out 1960 - 2000

5 total: 394.680 Economic pressure regular tourism 2003

6 RETAINING GROWTH goal: sustainable development = retaining growth instrument: regional settlement policy Settlement Framework General: natural resources and territory Tourism: dominant economic activity Precautionary measure: tourist deadline: moratoria turística (stopping authorisations) approval: Law 19/2003, 14th April Limits for growth: instruments

7 SUSTAINABLE TERRITORY 1. SUSTAINABLE TERRITORIAL SYSTEM urban system, multidimensional and balanced rural profitable system, diversified and preserved infrastructure and services system equal accesibility 2. CONSUMPTION LIMITATION compactness: consumption reduction of new land efficiency: more intensive use of the already used land 3. QUALIFICATION complexity: mixture of uses, groups and typologies participation: in the whole process of settlement and management environmental quality: landscape as settlement goal, residential and historical areas qualification General settlement framework goals

8 LIMITING THE LAND CONSUMPTION 1. Reduction of existing land designated for building disqualification of land designated for building not used 2. Limitation of new land designated for building general limits: islands / municipalities land designated for building 250 m 2 urban + potentially urban/ inhabitant limit: demography, 10 years building and housing coastal line: not in 500 metres not occupied coastal line 3. Efficiency and urban recycling efficiency and compactness: intensive building typologies, compact and complex traditional urban morphologies, minimum municipal urban densities maxima: 400 inhab/ha, 12 m 2 c/m 2 recycling: priority urban areas low density renovation maxima: 500 inhab/ha, 15 m 2 c/m 2 general settlement framework measures

9 SUSTAINABLE TOURISM 1. SUSTAINABLE TRANSFORMATION MODEL competitiveness: satisfaction (diversification, products) integration: resident population interest qualification: tourist city, tourist offer, destination sectorial planification and territorial framework 2. RETAINING GROWTH global: island/municipality weigh capacity temporary: maximum anual rhythm of growth land consumption: disqualification/ no new qualification 3. EFICIENT USE OF BUILT AREAS urban rehabilitation: strategies, settlement, management building renovation: incentives and obligation Tourism settlement framework goals

10 RETAINING AND EFFICIENCY 1. Retaining land consumption disqualification of land designated for building not used prohibition of new classification for land designated for building 2. Retaining the tourist offer reduction: expired authorisations and non executed licenses total limitation: weigh capacity temporary limitation: anual rhythm authorisations (triennial law) 2003-2006: 0 growth tourist islands 3. Efficiency and urban recycling urban rehabilitation: building renewal lever effect previous tourist strategy detailed settlement and coordinated management buiding renewal: diversification effect incentives: potentially building / transfer of congested areas economic and labour incentives programmes obligation: non integrated owners compulsory renovation Tourism settlement framework measures

11 Awareness of the limitations/necessities 1. sustainability like a process changed model (growth culture > limits culture) process: progress and recessions institutional leadership (assumed / compulsory) social awareness (conformism and demand) 2. policy settlemento like an instrument regional settlement: frame / reference (essential) effectiveness: effective participation direct measures (clasification / authorisation) guideline measures (medium/long term) 3. compromise as a necessity inteligent agents coherent professionals general interest public servants demanding citizens (conviction and pressure) Limits and limitations

12 o Thank you for your attention o Questions?

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