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1 THE WORLD BANK South East Europe Consultants DEVELOPMENT OF POWER GENERATION IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE IMPLICATION FOR INVESTMENTS IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.

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Presentation on theme: "1 THE WORLD BANK South East Europe Consultants DEVELOPMENT OF POWER GENERATION IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE IMPLICATION FOR INVESTMENTS IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 THE WORLD BANK South East Europe Consultants DEVELOPMENT OF POWER GENERATION IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE IMPLICATION FOR INVESTMENTS IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION by Milan Jovanić, Project Manager Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004

2 2 OVERVIEW OF THE PRESENTATION OVERVIEW OF THE PRESENTATION OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY APPROACH CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POWER SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT IN SEE REGION MAXIMUM EMISSION VALUES FROM TPPs EMISSION LIMIT VALUES – EU PROJECT UPDATE REMAINING ACTIVITIES CONCLUSIONS FROM THE 1 st CONSULTATIVE WORKSHOP Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004

3 3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY Assess environmental compliance requirements under national, EU and international regulations, and Estimate required investments and operating costs for GIS scenarios Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004

4 4 APPROACH FOR GIS – IEEP STUDY Integration with GIS study and methodology to ensure consistency Use of the same computer models as in GIS (WASP IV) Collect data from all countries to allow determination of power plant emission rates Assess the suitability of environmental control technologies for the power plants of the region Engage all countries to improve quality of data and gain acceptance of the results Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004

5 5 INTERACTION WITH GIS Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004 GIS –IIEP GIS Data Acquisition Data on existing and new TPP (Capacity, life, rehabilitation) Data on existing and new TPP (Capacity, life, rehabilitation) Environmental standards Required environmental control and timing Required environmental control and timing Cost of environmental compliance Cost of environmental compliance Generation by TPP units Evaluation of scenarios 1.Pollutants trajectories 2.Compliance Costs 3.Recommendations 1.Pollutants trajectories 2.Compliance Costs 3.Recommendations

6 6 THERMAL POWER PLANT PRODUCTION IS OVER 60% OF THE ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION IN THE REGION THE AVERAGE TPPs ARE OVER 18 YEARS OLD MOST OF TPPs HAVE EXCESIVE POLLUTANTS EMISSION OF: DUST, SO 2, NOx AND CO 2 MOST OF TPPs WILL NEED EITHER REFURBISHMENT OR CLOSING DOWN IN THE PLANNED PERIOD NEW TPPs HAVE TO BE CONSTRUCTED TO REPLACE OLD ONES AND TO MAKE ADDITIONAL POWER PRODUCTION TO MEET THE ELECTRICITY DEMAND Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF POWER SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN SEE

7 7 MAXIMUM EMISSION VALUES mg/m3 Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004 Country Dust NO x SO 2 Albania15010004000 B&H700123023500 Bulgaria860146020000 Croatia FYR Macedonia723002310 Kosovo260730750 Montenegro5404502800 Romania9008505000 Serbia15005006000

8 8 EMISSION LIMIT VALUES (ELV) INTO THE AIR – EU DIRECTIVE 2001/80/EC Pollutant Fuel type ELV mg/m3MWthmg/m3MWth SO 2 Solid2000<50400>500 Liquid1700<300400>500 NO X Solid600<500500 (200)>500 Liquid450<500400>500 Gaseous300<500200>500 DUSTSolid100<50050>500 Liquid50- - Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004

9 9 STATUS OF NATIONAL EMISSION LIMIT VALUES INTO THE AIR FROM LARGE COMBUSTION PLANTS Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004 Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia recently adopted ELV, almost accordingly with UE standards for air pollutants (SO2, NOx, Dust) Serbia in 1997 adopted ELV for air pollutants but they are not harmonized with EU standards Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, FYR Macedonia, Montenegro and Kosovo have not adopted any ELV for air pollutants

10 10 PROJECT UPDATE Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004 Questionnaire issued and data collected Some data gaps remain Methodology finalized Data collected on: - Environmental standards - International treaties - Environmental control technologies Consultative workshop in Belgrade on May 27-28

11 11 REMAINING ACTIVITIES Complete data collection on power plants and environmental standards Determine required compliance (emission reduction, required technology and timing) Determine emissions and costs (investment and operating) of GIS scenarios 2 nd Consultative Workshop (September?) Final report (tentatively: end of November) Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004

12 12 1 st CONSULTATIVE WORKSHOP KEY FINDINGS Representatives from all countries attended CW except Albania and Bulgaria Workshop was very useful; sharing of information and establishing informal network Some countries have already aligned their environmental regulations with EU (Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia); others have no regulations, but intend to align them to EU Directives (no intermediate step) All countries agree that new power plants will follow EU requirements There is great uncertainty about the likelihood and timing of plant retirements, rehabilitations and environmental control retrofits Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004

13 13 1 st CONSULTATIVE WORKSHOP Implications for GIS and Environment Study (1) 1 st CONSULTATIVE WORKSHOP Implications for GIS and Environment Study (1) Rehabilitation and environmental controls should be looked at together Develop two scenarios for existing power system Scenario 1: Compliance with EU requirements upon accession or with a grace period (e.g., 4-5 yrs) Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004

14 14 1 st CONSULTATIVE WORKSHOP Implications for GIS and Environment Study (2) 1 st CONSULTATIVE WORKSHOP Implications for GIS and Environment Study (2) Scenario 2: Most likely scenario; potential elements: –ESP upgrades and primary deNOx in most plants; timing tied to rehabilitations and EU accession –SO2 control (mainly FGD) in power plants above certain size (e.g., 250-300 MW) with remaining life (when the SO2 is required) to be at least X (15?) yrs –Remaining units to comply through SO2 averaging; compliance with emission ceilings –Plant retirement based on operating life and economics; input to be provided by each country GIS study to use one of the two scenarios (Scenario 2 recommended ) Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004

15 15 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION REGARDING FURTHER IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROJECT WE ARE OPEN FOR DISCUSSION. ANY SUGGESTION AND PROPOSAL PLEASE CONVEY TO: MILAN JOVANIĆ, Project manager, +381-11-322- 2502, milan.jovanic@seec-bg.com DAVID KENNEDY, WB Project Manager,+1-202- 458-5195, dkennedy1@worldbank.org STRATOS TAVOULAREAS, WB Consultant, +1- 703-757-7910, stavoulareas@attglobal.netmilan.jovanic@seec-bg.comdkennedy1@worldbank.orgstavoulareas@attglobal.net Energy Week, Athens, June 2-4, 2004


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