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Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland Jerzy Karlowski Institute for Building, Mechanization and Electrification.

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Presentation on theme: "Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland Jerzy Karlowski Institute for Building, Mechanization and Electrification."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland Jerzy Karlowski Institute for Building, Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture, Poznan Branch

2 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 2 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Acknowledgement: This presentation is based on a paper Ammonia emissions in Poland: Inventory, projections, uncertainities by T. Kuczynski, U. Dämmgen, Z. Klimont, K. Kreis-Tomczak, A. Myczko and O. Slobodzian-Ksenicz, Emissions from European Agriculture, Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 2005.

3 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 3 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Methodologies used for estimating GHG emissions Methodologies used in Poland are: –Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National GHG Inventories –Atmospheric Emission Inventory Guidebook, 2003 –Worksheets for the construction of emission inventories, that is a result of project GAS-EM - GASeous EMissions from Agriculture, elaborated by: Ulrich Dämmgen, Manfred Lüttich, Helmut Döhler, Brigitte Eurich Menden, Bernhard Osterburg.

4 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 4 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National GHG Inventories was recommended by Ministry of Environment for assessing emissions from all economic sectors: –Energy (fuel combustions) –Industry (metallurgy, minerals incl. cement and lime production, chemicals incl. fertilizers) –Agriculture incl. animals, crops, soils, land use, forestry IBMER prepared two reports: –Detailed Investigations of Methane and Dinitrogen Oxide Emissions from Enteric Fermentation and from Animal Excreta. –Strategies of Reduction of Dinitrogen Oxide Emissions from Agriculture until 2020.

5 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 5 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 MS Excel worksheets for the construction of emission inventories developed by U. Dämmgen et al. were used for the calculation of ammonia emission using the simpler and detailed methodologies. The detailed methodologies often require specific data which have not been available for agricultural production in Poland. Ammonia calculations concern all groups of animals which are bred in Poland. The numbers of animals and other data are taken from the Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland.

6 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 6 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 1990199520002002 ha (x 1000) Total agricultural area 18 720 17 934 17 812 16 899 Total area of arable land 14 388 13 886 13 683 13 067 Total area of meadows 2 475 2 272 2 503 2 253 Total area of pastures 1 585 1 498 1 369 1 030 Total area of orchards 272 278 257 271 Table 1. The structure of agricultural areas for the years 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2002.

7 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 7 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005

8 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 8 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 1990199520002002 Plant production areaha (x 1000) ha x (1000)ha (x 1000) Wheat 2 281 2 407 2 635 2 414 Rye 2 314 2 452 2 130 1 560 Winter barley 192 187 137 178 Spring barley 982 861 959 873 Oats 747 595 566 605 Triticale 749 616 695 944 Maize for grain 59 48 152 319 Maize for silage 325 133 162 196 Rape 500 606 437 439 Sugar beet 440 384 333 303 Potatoes 1 835 1 522 1 251 803 Cereal mixed for grain 1 169 1 366 1 478 1 365 Buckwheat and millet 38 39 62 36 Other 2 611 1 676 1 411 729 Total plant production area 14 242 12 892 12 408 10 764 Table 2. The structure of crops in Poland for the years 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2002.

9 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 9 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Animal category 1990199520002002 (x 1000) Calves 0-6 months 1 767 1 458 1 141 1 016 Female Beef Cattle 1 908 1 269 1 045 931 Male Beef Cattle 1 455 1 000 799 712 Cows (milking & suckling) 4 919 3 579 3 098 2 873 Fattening pigs 17 627 18 543 15 545 16 711 Sows 1 837 1 875 1 577 1 918 Broilers 54 672 47 529 47 636 47 231 Laying hens 45 378 39 766 42 649 42 178 Turkeys 888 914 802 762 Ducks 7 163 6 231 3 571 3 593 Geese 1 243 618 614 698 Horses 941 636 550 330 Sheep 4 159 713 362 345 Table 3. Animal numbers for the years 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2002.

10 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 10 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005

11 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 11 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005

12 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 12 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005

13 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 13 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005

14 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 14 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 1990199520002002 Ammonium nitrate 373,5 454,0 400,4 390,0 Calcium ammonium nitrate 89,8 165,0 147,9 155,5 Urea 126,8 180,0 222,7 190,0 NP, NK and NPK fertilizer 33,7 38,0 70,0 45,0 Ammonium nitrate urea solutions 2,7 41,1 37,5 Ammonium sulfate 44,5 15,0 14,1 14,0 Total 671,0 852,0 896,2 832,0 Table 4. Types and amounts in Gg a-1 N of fertilizers for the years 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2002 (IFC, 2004)

15 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 15 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Agricultural ammonia emissions (Gg a -1 NH 3 ) 1990199520002002 Cattle 213,55 155,30 130,98 119,90 Pigs 142,82 149,30 125,24 138,30 Poultry 40,65 35,16 33,71 33,48 Horses 7,53 5,09 4,40 2,64 Sheep 5,57 0,96 0,70 0,46 Fertilizers and Plants 39,80 50,20 60,90 54,00 Total 449,92 396,01 355,93 348,78 Table 5. Agricultural ammonia emissions for the years 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2002, based on the simpler methodology as found in AEIG (B1090 and B1010).

16 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 16 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005

17 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 17 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005

18 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 18 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005

19 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 19 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Uncertainties in emission projections The uncertainties are related with the lack detailed knowledge on: –Animal numbers in each species and age; –Differentiated structure of farming; –Data of housing, manure storage and spreading system; –Data on production efficiency; –Data on animal feeding; –Effect of all the factors mentioned above on NH 3 emission; –Technical and economical availability of measures against NH 3 emissions from housing, manure storage and spreading; –Frequent changes in Polish environmental law related to the ammonia emission in agricultural production activities.

20 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 20 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Uncertainties in emission projections Quantitative structure of cattle production in Poland Ave. 11 cows 67% holdings – less than 10 cows 22% holdings – more than 10 and less than 19 cows 11% holdings – 20 and more cows

21 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 21 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Ave. 53 pigs Uncertainties in emission projections Quantitative structure of pig production in Poland

22 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 22 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Polish authorities launched a number of legal measures in order to prevent the environment from deteriorating effects of agricultural production: –Obligatory to draw up an environmental impact report for investments with breeding animals exceeding 240 LU and and in some cases 50 LU; –New regulations regarding minimum capacities of manure (both solid and slurry) storages – six months; Nitrogen fertilizers should not be applied in hot weather; Manure application is to be planned according to a detailed nutrient balance; Application yearly limit is set at the level of 170 kg N per ha; All organic and mineral fertilizers must be incorporated not later than 24 hours after application. Introduction of abatement measures

23 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 23 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 New regulations on particular conditions of financial support by EU subsidy for modernisation of medium size farms include: –Demands for solid and slurry manure pit (6 months for Area Under Particular Protection, and 4 months for non-AUPP; –Algorithm and coefficients for calculating content of nitrogen in excreta from different animals and rearing systems. Existing Law of Environment Protection is enriched with a new chapter devoted to the integrated allowance for introducing gases and dusts to the atmosphere that refers to the BAT. Introduction of abatement measures - continued

24 Inventory of GHG and NH 3 emissions from agriculture in Poland 24 Ispra, 23 - 24 June 2005 Thank you for your attention Institute for Building, Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture Branch Poznan 67, Biskupinska Str. 60-463 Poznan Poland Phone: +48 61 820 33 31 Fax: +48 61 820 83 81 e-mail: jkarlo@ibmer.waw.pl http://www.ibmer.poznan.pl.


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