Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Infections"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sexually Transmitted Infections Vladimir Oge, MPH, CHESSexual Health SpecialistStudent Health Care Center(352) , ext. 4281
2 What Am I Going to Learn today?? Various types of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)Modes of Transmission & signs and symptomsUnderstanding your risk and preventing STIsNOTE: Don’t worry…no nasty pictures!!
3 What is an STI? Sexually Transmitted Infection Any disease or infection that is spread through sexual contactUsually spread through:Exchange of body fluidsDirect skin-to-skin contact
4 STI: Facts & Stats50% of all STI cases in U.S. among people ages 15-24Women are at higher risk of STI transmissionChlamydia is the most common STI in the U.S.; followed by HPV and Herpes
6 Bacterial Infections Chlamydia Women: infects urethra, cervix Often no symptomsSometimes pain with urination or lower abdominal painInfection can spread to tubes and ovariesCan cause infertilityMen: infects urethra, epididymisCan cause pain with urinationSwelling and pain of the testicles
7 Herpes Herpes Simplex I: Oral Herpes Herpes Simplex II: Genital Herpes Presents as cold sore or fever blisterCan be spread by kissing!Herpes Simplex II: Genital HerpesBlisters on genitals/genital areaContagious during outbreakCan be treated with suppressive therapy
8 Human Papillomavirus HPV: Genital Warts 100 types The annual Pap smear can detect lesions on cervixSome HPV types cause lesions that can be pre-cancersIf not treated, they can eventually become cancersWarts can be treated and removed, but the virus may remain in latent form
9 Common Signs & Symptoms Sore, bumps, blisters near genitals, anus, or mouthBurning sensation during urinationDischarge from penis, vagina, anusSwollen testiclesPain in lower belly (Women)Bleeding from vagina not associated with period (Women)
10 A Warning about STI Symptoms You should never attempt to diagnose yourself. Consult a health care providerYou may be infected and not show any symptomsIf symptoms disappear, it doesn’t mean the infection has!!
11 Why are college students at risk? More likely to have sex than any other age groupMultiple partnersAlcohol & DrugsMost students don’t know their STI/HIV status
12 Prevention is the Key… Know your Options It’s not who you are, it’s what you do!!Abstinence is the only 100% effective method of preventing pregnancy and contracting STDsDefined as completely refraining from any type of sexual contactWith any other method there’s ALWAYS a possibility of failure.
13 Reducing the Risk!! Practice Safer Sex Use approved latex male or female condoms during sexual intercourseCondoms & “dental dams” should be used during oral sexChange condoms between each sex actAvoid sharing sex toysLimit number of sex partners; practice monogamyStay away from alcohol & drugs during sexual situations
14 If you think you have an STI… Stop having sex!!Get help from your health care provider, immediatelyTake ALL of the medicine given to youAvoid sex until treatment is completeContact anyone you’ve had sex with so they can be tested
15 Where to go for HIV Testing UF Student Health Care Center (Infirmary)(352)Alachua County Health Department(352)Planned Parenthood of North Central Florida, Inc.(352)
16 Resources UF Student Health Care Center www.shcc.ufl.edu Centers for Disease Control and PreventionGo Ask Alice!Alachua County Health DepartmentMyStudentBody.com(enter school code : GATORS)