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Evolution of the Tropical Forests since 1990 and analysis of the deforestation drivers P hilippe Mayaux, Frédéric Achard, René Beuchle, Hans-Jürgen Stibig,

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Presentation on theme: "Evolution of the Tropical Forests since 1990 and analysis of the deforestation drivers P hilippe Mayaux, Frédéric Achard, René Beuchle, Hans-Jürgen Stibig,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Evolution of the Tropical Forests since 1990 and analysis of the deforestation drivers P hilippe Mayaux, Frédéric Achard, René Beuchle, Hans-Jürgen Stibig, Hugh D. Eva, Andreas Brink, Catherine Bodart, Silvia Carboni, Baudouin Desclée, François Donnay, Andrea Lupi, Jukka Miettinen, Rastislav Raši, Roman Seliger, Dario Simonetti Institute for Environment and Sustainability Joint Research Centre - European Commission + FAO collaborators regional experts

2 JRC heritage in tropical forest monitoring TREES-1 ( ) First reliable maps of the tropical forests TREES-2 ( ) Global estimates of deforestation TREES-3 ( ) Regional estimates of deforestation + C emissions FOROBS ( ) Assessment of forest degradation OFAC ( ) Regional Observatory for Central African Forests ReCaREDD ( ) Capacity-building on forest degradation

3 Joint FAO/JRC report Final report released in Dec FAO & JRC Global forest land-use change 1990–2005 FAO Forestry Paper No Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and European Commission Joint Research Centre. Rome, FAO. gsurvey/en/

4 FAO/JRC Forest Resource Assessment

5 Sub-Saharan Africa2,045 Central & South America and the Caribbean 1,230 South and Southeast Asia 741 The methodology is based on the analysis of a systematic sample of sites for which 30 m resolution satellite data are collected Systematic sampling of Landsat images at 3 epochs

6 Change Map No change Change From Forest Change To Forest Methodology: Example

7 Workshop East Africa Nairobi (28 Sept- 2 Oct 2009) 12 Experts from 10 countries 4 support staff including 3 JRC Workshop Central Africa Kinshasa (28 Sept- 9 Oct 2009) 15 Experts from 7 countries 6 support staff from FAO, UCL & JRC Workshop West Africa Dakar (08-13 March 2010) 15 Experts from 14 countries 3 JRC support staff Workshop Southern Africa Cape Town (3-7 May 2010) 15 Experts from 8 countries 3 support staff including 2 JRC Regional TREES-3 Validation Workshops for Africa

8 Forest area (10 6 ha)

9 Deforestation estimates (H+D Forests)

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12 Drivers of Change in Southeast Asia 12

13 Deforestation drivers in Amazon Basin Direct drivers Agro-business: wide range of commodities such as beef, soy, maize, oil palm, sugar, rice, cacao, coffee, pulp & paper, tobacco. Subsistence agriculture (+ fuel wood) Forest exploitation (timber extraction, artisanal logging…) Extractive industries (mining, oil) Infrastructure and urbanisation Underlying causes Population growth and local economic development Weak governance structures and law Global demand for commodities

14 Deforestation drivers in Congo Basin DriversImportance Subsistence agricultureRural and food for cities Fuel wood & charcoalRural and peri-urban Mining, oilLimited extent, but strong impact Logging in concessionsVery low impact Illegal logging???? Agro-industryLow impact, but increasing InfrastructureLimited extent but increasing UrbanisationLimited extent but increasing Climate ChangeDrier climate in coastal part Underlying causes Population growth Local economic development Weak governance (institutions and law)

15 Need for a long-term land-use planning CategoryRoleResearch needsIncentives/ policies ForestsTimber Production Ecology (regeneration)FLEGT, Lacey Act… REDD+ Forests / plantations Fuel wood production AgronomyCarbon credits / CDM ForestsProtection and Conservation CC mitig. / adapt. Hydrology REDD+ Biodiv. royalties ForestsNTFP, bushmeatSustainability of proteins provision Small-scale Agriculture Food for rural population Agronomy Socio-economy Price policy Agro-industriesHigh revenueAgronomyMarket prices, Round tables Mines, oilRevenueImpact assessmentMarket prices, EITI

16 Kompsat, 4 m resolution Landsat, 30 m resolution New data and methods for degradation (RECAREDD)

17 Conclusions Deforestation is still a hot issue, but political will can reduce the intensity of the phenomenon Illegal logging is not a main deforestation driver, bad governance is Focus on other benefits than VPAs of the FLEGT Action Plan on other policies FLEGT must be combined with the others EU policies for a long-term maintenance of the ecosystem services provided by tropical forests: biodiversity, energy, REDD+, sustainable agriculture, EITI… FLEGT is an important process, but the goal is the sustainable provision of services by forests Need for an innovative land-use planning policy in terms of local, national and global benefit (which ecosystem services for which beneficiaries?) TECHNICAL capacities on forest management are desperately missing

18 Merci Thank you


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