Presentation on theme: "Evolution of the Tropical Forests since 1990 and analysis of the deforestation drivers Philippe Mayaux, Frédéric Achard, René Beuchle, Hans-Jürgen Stibig,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Evolution of the Tropical Forests since 1990 and analysis of the deforestation drivers Philippe Mayaux, Frédéric Achard, René Beuchle, Hans-Jürgen Stibig, Hugh D. Eva, Andreas Brink, Catherine Bodart, Silvia Carboni, Baudouin Desclée,François Donnay, Andrea Lupi, Jukka Miettinen, Rastislav Raši, Roman Seliger, Dario Simonetti Institute for Environment and Sustainability Joint Research Centre - European Commission + FAO collaborators+ 150 regional experts
2 JRC heritage in tropical forest monitoring TREES-1 ( )First reliable maps of the tropical forestsTREES-2 ( )Global estimates of deforestationTREES-3 ( )Regional estimates of deforestation + C emissionsFOROBS ( )Assessment of forest degradationOFAC ( )Regional Observatory for Central African ForestsReCaREDD ( )Capacity-building on forest degradation
3 Final report released in Dec. 2012 Global forest land-use change Joint FAO/JRC reportFinal report released in Dec. 2012FAO & JRC. 2012Global forest land-use change1990–2005FAO Forestry Paper No. 169.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and European Commission Joint Research Centre. Rome, FAO.
4 FAO/JRC Forest Resource Assessment 1990200020052010Regions that JRC will analyse
5 for which 30 m resolution satellite data are collected Systematic sampling ofLandsat images at 3 epochsThe methodology is based on the analysis of a systematic sample of sitesfor which 30 m resolution satellite data are collectedSub-Saharan Africa2,045Central & South America and the Caribbean1,230South and Southeast Asia741
6 Methodology: Example Change Map 1990-2000 1990 2000 Change From Forest To ForestNo change
7 Regional TREES-3 Validation Workshops for Africa Workshop West AfricaDakar (08-13 March 2010)15 Experts from 14 countries3 JRC support staffWorkshop East AfricaNairobi (28 Sept- 2 Oct 2009)12 Experts from 10 countries4 support staff including 3 JRCWorkshop Central AfricaKinshasa (28 Sept- 9 Oct 2009)15 Experts from 7 countries6 support staff from FAO, UCL & JRCWorkshop Southern AfricaCape Town (3-7 May 2010)15 Experts from 8 countries3 support staff including 2 JRC7
13 Deforestation drivers in Amazon Basin Direct driversAgro-business: wide range of commodities such as beef, soy, maize, oil palm, sugar, rice, cacao, coffee, pulp & paper, tobacco.Subsistence agriculture (+ fuel wood)Forest exploitation (timber extraction, artisanal logging…)Extractive industries (mining, oil)Infrastructure and urbanisationUnderlying causesPopulation growth and local economic developmentWeak governance structures and lawGlobal demand for commoditiesCash crop plantations and pastureSoya, sugar cane, cattle, other cash cropsUrbanisation and infra-structure (roads) improvementsThe road network has grown from nothing in 1970 to thousands of km’s $40 billion investment from 2000 to 2007 in highways and infrastructureConcession logging and illegal logging1 hectare of forest costs 10 times less than a hectare of pastureDirect and Indirect effect of biofuelSugar cane and oil Palm (Pará)
14 Deforestation drivers in Congo Basin ImportanceSubsistence agricultureRural and food for citiesFuel wood & charcoalRural and peri-urbanMining, oilLimited extent, but strong impactLogging in concessionsVery low impactIllegal logging????Agro-industryLow impact, but increasingInfrastructureLimited extent but increasingUrbanisationClimate ChangeDrier climate in coastal partCash crop plantations and pastureSoya, sugar cane, cattle, other cash cropsUrbanisation and infra-structure (roads) improvementsThe road network has grown from nothing in 1970 to thousands of km’s $40 billion investment from 2000 to 2007 in highways and infrastructureConcession logging and illegal logging1 hectare of forest costs 10 times less than a hectare of pastureDirect and Indirect effect of biofuelSugar cane and oil Palm (Pará)Underlying causesPopulation growthLocal economic developmentWeak governance (institutions and law)
15 Need for a long-term land-use planning CategoryRoleResearch needsIncentives/ policiesForestsTimber ProductionEcology (regeneration)FLEGT, Lacey Act…REDD+Forests / plantationsFuel wood productionAgronomyCarbon credits / CDMProtection and ConservationCC mitig. / adapt.HydrologyBiodiv. royaltiesNTFP, bushmeatSustainability of proteins provisionSmall-scaleAgricultureFood for rural populationSocio-economyPrice policyAgro-industriesHigh revenueMarket prices, Round tablesMines, oilRevenueImpact assessmentMarket prices, EITI
16 New data and methods for degradation (RECAREDD) Landsat, 30 m resolutionKompsat, 4 m resolution
17 ConclusionsDeforestation is still a hot issue, but political will can reduce the intensity of the phenomenonIllegal logging is not a main deforestation driver, bad governance isFocus on other benefits than VPAs of the FLEGT Action Plan on other policiesFLEGT must be combined with the others EU policies for a long-term maintenance of the ecosystem services provided by tropical forests: biodiversity, energy, REDD+, sustainable agriculture, EITI…FLEGT is an important process, but the goal is the sustainable provision of services by forestsNeed for an innovative land-use planning policy in terms of local, national and global benefit (which ecosystem services for which beneficiaries?)TECHNICAL capacities on forest management are desperately missing
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