Presentation on theme: "LULUCF under the Kyoto Protocol- Spain. Definitions Forest definition: Minimum area: 1 ha Tree crown cover: 20% Minimum tree height: 3 m Additional Activities."— Presentation transcript:
Definitions Forest definition: Minimum area: 1 ha Tree crown cover: 20% Minimum tree height: 3 m Additional Activities under 3.4 FM - Forest Management - All forests are considered managed. Cropland management – Good Agricultural Practices Guidance that are in force in country Accounting 3.3 & 3.4 At end of 1 st Commitment Period
Data sources: Biomass: NFI2 (1986-1996), NFI3 (1997-2008) Forest Fires: ADCIF (MARM) Areas/Land use: Working group Corine Land Cover-CLC CLC1990, CLC2000 Spanish forest Map MFE50 (1998-2004) - Forest land - Grassland - Cropland - Wetland - Settlements - Other lands DGOECC DGMNPF DGCEA SEMRA IGN Inventory compilators (AED, CEAM, Tecmena) Inventory under the Convention
Dehesas land cover (Source: CLC90+CLC00+ MFE) Orange: Fcc=5-10%, light green: Fcc=10-20%, dark green: Fcc>20%, red: unknown Fcc. Difficulties in classification of Dehesas (agro-forestry systems) Inventory under the Convention Broad difference between Dehesas land cover in CLC compared to MFE50. MFE50 prevails in forest lands Double contability!! Working group
Working on: –SIOSE for land use areas identification –FM data compilation for forest management activities –SIGPAC for croplands –Crops and land uses Map Ongoing work on: –Different approaches for Soil C modelling from semi-empirical to process approaches –Improvement in EFs KP working procedures. Outline.
SIOSE Sources: Data: SPOT-5, LANDSAT5, PNOA, BCN25, CATASTRO, etc. Other information: MCA, MFE, SIGPAC, etc. Results: 1:25.000 - GIS Every 5 years Finished 2009. Available for 2011 inventory (1990-2009) KP working procedures. Working on… SIOSE is an Information System of Land Cover/Land Use in Spain and integrates the different data bases of land cover/land use (from Autonomous Regions and National one) Since 2004, the departments involved in this issue have made efforts to achieve the objectives of the project.
SIOSE (cont.) Field verification and Quality Control (internal & external) Geometric and thematic edition Statistical analysis and final results KP working procedures. Working on…
ARD data compilation From 1990-2006 In each autonomous region Definitions (from Marrakech Accords 11 CP.7) KP working procedures for forest related activities. Working on… Required information Afforestation Reforestation Deforestation -Province- Town- Spot- Area -Description of activity -Species -Number of trees/specie -Number of trees/ha -Georreference -Year of activity -Others
ARD data compilation Every activity must be described following this list: KP working procedures for forest related activities. Working on…
Modelling –Evaluation and comparison of several carbon models, studying the possibilities of application (even adaptation) to the Spanish forest. Gotilwa CO2FIX CBM-CFS3 Adaptation to Spanish forest of Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector (CBM-CFS3) An operational-scale model of forest C dynamics. Accounts for all carbon stocks, stock changes and greenhouse gas emissions required under the Kyoto Protocol following the IPCC Guidelines: –Aboveground biomass –Belowground biomass –Dead wood –Litter –Soil carbon KP working procedures for forest related activities. Future.
Modelling (cont.) Operates with data commonly used for forest management planning: KP working procedures for forest related activities. Future.
Soil carbon –Proposal from MARM –2 years (2009) –Contents: Research and compilation of information about C in forest soils. Comparation of found information. Soils evolution research. Possibilities of soil carbon estimation. Evaluation and comparison of several soil carbon models. KP working procedures for forest related activities. Future.
Update of areas of activities to be included in cropland management –Areas with low tillage / no-till. Herbaceous annual crops with minimum tillage. Herbaceous annual crops from direct sowing. Vegetal covers in tree crops. –Ecological production; since 1991, regional & Provincial data Establishment of vegetal covers in crops Low tillage / no-till Optimized crops rotation Fertility restoration in degraded soils Manure as fertilizer Animal and vegetal integrated production –Integrated production; since 2001, Provincial data –Replacement of herbaceous crops with woody crops –Afforestation of agricultural lands; since 1994. KP working procedures for croplands. Working on…
Improvement data of location of lands under these activities: Avoid double accounting. –Due to the use of different data sources for some agricultural activities (i.e. no-tillage and ecological production), overlapping could occur, and double accounting would have to be solved. KP working procedures for croplands. Working on…
Compilation of data of Soil carbon contents, and development of national emission factors for SOC KP working procedures for croplands. Working on… Soil profile database (2200) C content in Spanish soils (1 m depth) Climate Bed rock Vegetation Average C content (± SE) Homogeneous Units Ct = 100 C * Da * Depth * [(100-V)/100] Ct = Carbon content by horizon (g m-2 C = Concentration in the fine fraction (%) Da =Apparent density (g cm-3) Da = 1.801 - 0.397 ln (1.724C)