Presentation on theme: "Mediation, violence and conflict"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mediation, violence and conflict MessagesDiscover the new cohesion policy : it opens a wide range of public and private investment opportunities.Public-private partnerships: working together for more competitiveness, innovation and sustained regional growth.EU Cohesion policy means achieving more together – Structural Funds investments make enlargement a success for all.Investing in Europe: Regions and cities deliver the Growth and Jobs agenda.Brendan McAllisterMediation Northern Ireland
2 Values within mediation Non-violenceto promote or defend justice by serving truth, with compassion.Independencefrom state control or sectional interests.Justiceserved by building and maintaining right relationships.Mediation should be more than mere technique; more than professionalism. It should have an underlying philosophy in relation to violence and conflict. Mediation Northern Ireland’s approach to mediation has evolved from within a philosophy of peace. Our philosophy is expressed in the corporate values of our organisation.
3 A mediator is a neutral third party The idea of mediationA mediator is a neutral third partyMediation is about conflict resolutionIt is about inter-personal conflictIt is needs-basedRealities of the Northern Ireland contextA cross-generational conflictChange happens incrementallyIntervention must be systemicMuch of the conflict is ‘identity-based’Indigenous practitioners can only be impartialImage: Security gates on the peace line at Lanark Way, Belfast. Source: cain.ulst.ac.uk/photographsDeveloping the practice of mediation for peacebuilders in Northern Ireland involved a critique of the abstract idea of mediation, taking some of its orthodoxies and applying them to realities of the Northern Ireland context.
4 A concept of mediation - 1 Definition:mediation involves an impartial outsider helping people affected by conflict or division to engage each other to effect positive change to their situation.Functions:assisting communicationimproving understandingssupporting creative thinkingexploring accommodationsfacilitating agreements.Applying the abstract, universal idea of mediation to such realities, enabled us to fashion a concept of mediation which fitted our context.Image: Dialogue
5 A concept of mediation - 2 Three civic tasks:1. Conflict intervention2. Building good relations3. Promoting social partnershipDimensions of societal reconciliation:Agreed law and orderEconomic developmentSocial progress
6 Methodology Conciliation: working with each side separately Facilitation:mediation without fanfare;relatively superficial.Mediation:Inter-personalSystemicInter-group
7 Mediation Northern Ireland strategy Practice:Casework: intervention in specific, short-lived disputesProjects: longer term, systemic changeTraining: developing skillsEducation: facilitating learningThe importance of being ‘practice-led’; demonstrating what would otherwise be abstract and theoretical; St.Augustine: ‘it is solved by walking’.
8 Mediation Northern Ireland sectors of work BeyondNorthernIrelandNeighbourhoodsand CommunitiesPolicingLocal GovernanceHousing
9 Mediation Northern Ireland - 1 EU support toMediation Northern Ireland - 1A Place Apart: the Mediation Development CentreThe Monitors’ Project: civic peacekeeping on the streetsSupporting Learning: travel and conferences (Norway; Helsinki; Cyprus; Mediation U.K. conference in England; World Mediation Forum in Geneva; Summer School in U.S.A. - 4 people; Nordic Mediation Conference, Helsinki – 3 people; Global Migration Forum in Geneva)
10 Mediation Northern Ireland - 2 EU support toMediation Northern Ireland - 2The Civic Leadership Project:Boston- on Policing (2003)Leuven- on Restorative Justice in Europe (2005)Amsterdam- on Migration and Diversity (2005)Newry- on The Challenge of Change Convention (2006)
11 EU support to Mediation Northern Ireland - 3 European Mediation Conference, Belfast,8 -10 April 2008Building Relationships and Getting Results.Objectives:To reflect on the task of building peace for Europe and the world.To explore developments in the practice of mediation.To raise awareness of mediation among policy makers, opinion formers and the general public.To strengthen relationships in the European mediation field.To make a record of the conference widely available.
12 EU support to M ediation Northern Ireland – 4 The Macedonian Centre for International CooperationStrategic Leadership seminars (2000 – 2001)Staff training in mediation and peacebuilding (2000 – 2001)MCIC Study Visits to Belfast:Senior Journalists (2004)Church and Faith leaders (2006)Address by MCIC Director, Community Relations Conference, Belfast (2007)MNI Director at U.N./O.S.C.E. mediation seminar, Geneva (2007)