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The economic development History of Shanghai The economic development History of Shanghai Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th.

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Presentation on theme: "The economic development History of Shanghai The economic development History of Shanghai Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th."— Presentation transcript:

1 The economic development History of Shanghai The economic development History of Shanghai Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th Five-Year Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th Five-Year Shanghai development goals in "11th Five-Year Plan" Shanghai development goals in "11th Five-Year Plan" Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan" Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan" Economic Development and Regional Economic Policy of Shanghai Shanghai Comprehensive Economic Research Institute Zhu Jinhai Shanghai Comprehensive Economic Research Institute Prof. Zhu Jinhai

2 From 1982 to 1983, Shanghai carried on the first Economic Development Strategy Discussion, starting to make a new choice on its own economical development mentality. In 1984, Shanghai has submitted "Shanghai economic development strategy outline" to the State Council, proposed the viewpoint of developing the tertiary industry in advance, and adjusting the industrial structure; reconstructing traditional industry with new technology; Expanding the fan-like introduction to the country, and radiation perspective and so on. the State Council agreed to assess the Shanghai economy according to GDP. Thus, the first development strategy of Shanghai came out Shanghai launched its second major economic development strategy discussion, forming an investigation report as "the strategic thinking of Shanghai's economic development in the 1990s" which proposed the strategic ideas of big linkage, big market and big city, which in fact became the general program of the Shanghai's economic development in the early 1990s. Under the development policy which was proposed of the "three, two, one" plan of the 8th Five-year Plan, the Shanghai tertiary industry grew fast Because of the financial crisis in Southeast Asia, the Western Development Strategy, the national cyclical economic decline and the decline of competitiveness of Shanghai's industry, it is difficult for Shanghai's economy to emerge a new shining spot. Early in 1999, the Shanghai municipal party committee and local government made the strategic thinking of "Shanghai's industrial revitalization at the new Heights" which established the development policy that the secondary and tertiary industry should commonly develop and increased industrial inputs.. The economic development history of Shanghai. The economic development history of Shanghai Figure 1: Shanghai economic growth trajectory Shanhai has transformed from an integrated city into a unitary industrial city under the country's overall strategy. From 1950 to 1978, the proportion of tertiary industry of GDP in shanghai has decreased from 47.5% to 18.6%

3 . The economic development History of Shanghai. The economic development History of Shanghai Three industrial structural changes in Shanghai( ) Three industrial structural changes in Shanghai ( ) Fig.3 Internal structure Changes of tertiary industry Fig. 2 Three industrial structural Changes in Shanghai

4 Subway high-speed railway maglev maglev Port. Airport Hard environment the Central Bank Department Department Two Integrated reform pilot bonded port Soft environment 2. Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th Five-Year

5 1. Hard Environment A Mass rapid urban transport system speeds up the establishment Before the 2010 World Expo, Shanghai will have built 11 track lines and the total operations mileage will be over 400 kilometers. The network scale will ascent among the top three in the world II. Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th Five-Year Plan"

6 1. Hard Environment B The hub and functional infrastructure Hongqiao Airport: The second runway are to be built before 2010 Hongqiao Airport: The second runway are to be built before 2010 Pudong International Airport: West cargo area and the third runway of are to be completed before 2010 Pudong International Airport: West cargo area and the third runway of are to be completed before 2010 Yangshan Deepwater Port: first project five berths designed throughput capacity of 2.2million TEU,before 2005 Second project four berths designed throughput capacity of 2.1 million TEU, before 2006 Second project four berths designed throughput capacity of 2.1 million TEU, before 2006 Third Project: seven berths four million TEU throughput capacities before 2010 Yangshan Deepwater Port: first project five berths designed throughput capacity of 2.2million TEU,before 2005 Second project four berths designed throughput capacity of 2.1 million TEU, before 2006 Second project four berths designed throughput capacity of 2.1 million TEU, before 2006 Third Project: seven berths four million TEU throughput capacities before 2010 II. Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th Five-Year Plan"

7 1. Hard Environment C The access to the external takes on the stereo-type and diversified development Beijing- Shanghai high-speed railway from Beijing to Shanghai from Beijing to Shanghai The line is approximately 1318 km The line is approximately 1318 km There will be 21 passenger stations, including Beijing, Tianjin, Jinan, Bengbu, Nanjing, Wuxi, Suzhou, Shanghai There will be 21 passenger stations, including Beijing, Tianjin, Jinan, Bengbu, Nanjing, Wuxi, Suzhou, Shanghai the designed speed of 350 kilometers and a full time of five hours the designed speed of 350 kilometers and a full time of five hours is expected to basically completed in 2010 is expected to basically completed in 2010 Shanghai- Hangzhou maglev from Shanghai to Hangzhou from Shanghai to Hangzhou the whole length of 175 kilometers, all elevated, the whole length of 175 kilometers, all elevated, and a total project budget of about 35 billion Yuan and a total project budget of about 35 billion Yuan the normal operating speed of 450 km / h the normal operating speed of 450 km / h which is expected to be completed in 2008, and which is expected to be completed in 2008, and be operational before the Shanghai World Expo in be operational before the Shanghai World Expo in II. Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th Five-Year Plan"

8 On August 10, 2005, the headquarters of People's Bank of China in Shanghai was officially establishedOn August 10, 2005, the headquarters of People's Bank of China in Shanghai was officially established Establish -ment a platform for open market operationsa platform for open market operations financial market operations monitoring platformfinancial market operations monitoring platform an important diplomatic window and part of the financial services businessan important diplomatic window and part of the financial services business research and development centersresearch and development centers Goals an integral part of the head officean integral part of the head office work commitment of the major central banks operate specific business functionswork commitment of the major central banks operate specific business functions perform certain management functionsperform certain management functions Functions advantages of the frontline financial markets advantages of the frontline financial markets financial product innovation and development of the financial markets financial product innovation and development of the financial markets further expand the overall impact financial market does to the domestic financial industry and the Asia-Pacific region financial market further expand the overall impact financial market does to the domestic financial industry and the Asia-Pacific region financial market accelerate the building of the internation al financial center of Shanghai 2 Soft Environment A The Central Bank Department Two will be settled in Shanghai II. Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th Five-Year Plan"

9 International transit: International transit: International distribution: International distribution: International procurement: International procurement: International re-export and export- processing business: International re-export and export- processing business: Playing international transit, distribution, procurement, re-export and export-processing business and five functions, enjoying free trade zone, export processing zones related taxes and foreign exchange management policy Playing international transit, distribution, procurement, re-export and export-processing business and five functions, enjoying free trade zone, export processing zones related taxes and foreign exchange management policy Port foreign goods to be bonded Port foreign goods to be bonded Port cargo entering the domestic sales of goods is regarded as imported and will be judged by the relevant provisions of customs clearance procedures, in accordance with the actual state of the goods taxation Port cargo entering the domestic sales of goods is regarded as imported and will be judged by the relevant provisions of customs clearance procedures, in accordance with the actual state of the goods taxation Domestic goods into Port is deemed as exports and enjoys a tax rebated Domestic goods into Port is deemed as exports and enjoys a tax rebated Port of goods between the enterprises in the transaction did not levy value-added tax and consumption tax Port of goods between the enterprises in the transaction did not levy value-added tax and consumption tax 2 Soft Environment B Policy of bonded Yangshan port was officially implemented. Bonded Port s policy is the most similar policy to Freeport nature s on Chinese mainland II. Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th Five-Year Plan"

10 In October 2005, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange launched multinationals foreign exchange funds management reform in Pudong which first to blaze new trails "nine measures In October 2005, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange launched multinationals foreign exchange funds management reform in Pudong which first to blaze new trails "nine measures In January 2006, the State Development and Reform Commission approved " the overall program of Pudong Comprehensive reform and the Plan of Action 2003 In January 2006, the State Development and Reform Commission approved " the overall program of Pudong Comprehensive reform and the Plan of Action 2003 In October 2006, Shanghai Customs launched nine measures to support Pudong integrated reform. In October 2006, Shanghai Customs launched nine measures to support Pudong integrated reform. Progress In June 2005, the State Council officially approved the Shanghai Pudong New Area Comprehensive reform In June 2005, the State Council officially approved the Shanghai Pudong New Area Comprehensive reform Focus on transformation of government functions, focus on changing our mode of operation, and strive to change the dual economic and social structure Focus on transformation of government functions, focus on changing our mode of operation, and strive to change the dual economic and social structure The reform and development should be combined to solve local problems and solve practical problems with surface similarities to achieve major breakthroughs with the overall combination of innovation, and the combination of the economic system reform and other aspects The reform and development should be combined to solve local problems and solve practical problems with surface similarities to achieve major breakthroughs with the overall combination of innovation, and the combination of the economic system reform and other aspects Pudong should take the lead to establish a complete socialist market economic system to promote the reform of the model Pudong should take the lead to establish a complete socialist market economic system to promote the reform of the modelOpening-up 2 Soft Environment C Pudong s integrated reform pilot was activated II. Improvement of Shanghai s development environment during "11th Five-Year Plan"

11 Achieving faster and better economic and social development, to host successful, excitement and unforgettable World Expo, forming international economic, financial, trade and shipping center basic framework, to achieve phased progress of the socialist modern construction of an international metropolis, and to lay a solid foundation for sustainable development of Shanghai from 2011 to Comprehensive goals Forming international economic, financial, trade and shipping center basic framework. Shanghai Development Goals in "11th Five-Year Plan"

12 Relatively high economic growth and healthy development An average annual economic growth rate is expected to be more than 9% the city's GDP in trillion Yuan The mode of economic growth will achieve major changes Main strategy of science and education has made new breakthroughs integrated unit GDP energy consumption is about 20% lower than that in the end of the"11th Five-Year Plan" the proportion of environmental investment is equivalent to the 3% of city's GDP research and development expenditures for the whole society equivalent to the proportion of the city's GDP amounted to 2.8% above technological progress contribution rate is up to 65 2 Classified goals(1). Shanghai Development Goals in "11th Five-Year Plan"

13 2 Classified goals(2) Urban comprehensive services have obviously increased Realization of the financial market s direct financing will have been accounting for a proportion of 25% of the total domestic financing. Total import and export volumes reach 550 billion US dollars or more International Container throughput reach 24 million TEUs and above. The quality of people's lives will be further improved Urban and rural households capita disposable income continued to grow steadily The registered urban unemployment rate will be controlled at around 4.5% Shanghai takes the lead in forming the first more dynamic, more open, more reasonable international practices and institutional environment The building of democracy and legal system and government services, the responsibility of the government building and the rule of law are steadily advancing The modern enterprise system, modern property rights system, a social credit system, and a modern market system have been further improved The strategic adjustment of state-owned economy has made new progress, the added value of the non-public economy of the city's share of GDP will up to 50%. Shanghai Development Goals in "11th Five-Year Plan"

14 Co-ordination of functional development, industrial development and urban construction of a three-dimensional system Four centers" Four centers" basic framework Functionaldevelopment Modern service industry Advanced manufacturing High-tech industries Industrialdevelopment 1966 urban systems Songjiang new city Jiading new city Lingang new city Urban Systems.Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan".Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan"

15 (1) Functional development focuses and implements timing Accelerating the creation of diversified financial markets and financial institutions, further improving financial development environment, and further strengthening the domestic financial center status to become one of financial centers with international influence Accelerating the creation of diversified financial markets and financial institutions, further improving financial development environment, and further strengthening the domestic financial center status to become one of financial centers with international influence Basically complete Yangshan Deep Water hub port and the Shanghai aviation hub; forming one form of trade, trade in goods and trade in services simultaneously development pattern Basically complete Yangshan Deep Water hub port and the Shanghai aviation hub; forming one form of trade, trade in goods and trade in services simultaneously development pattern Through the interactive integration of international financial, shipping and trade center, the economic center s radiation functions will be enhanced markedly Through the interactive integration of international financial, shipping and trade center, the economic center s radiation functions will be enhanced markedly Information services Education of medical services Intermediate Advisory services Tourism services Culture media service Core function region Supporting function region Assistant function region International Trade Center International financial center world manufacturing center International Shipping Center Port facilities Logistics services.Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan".Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan"

16 2 The development of key industries and policy guidance Modern Service Goals Focus Policy-oriented In 2010 the tertiary industrial added value amounted to above 50% of the city's GDP ratio In 2010 the tertiary industrial added value amounted to above 50% of the city's GDP ratio The Center City District third industrial added value account for the Center City District GDP ratio of 80%. The Center City District third industrial added value account for the Center City District GDP ratio of 80%. Modern financial services Modern financial services Logistics, culture and related industries Logistics, culture and related industries Tourism, professional services, community services Tourism, professional services, community services Stable business, the real estate industry Stable business, the real estate industry "Shanghai s development framework for accelerating development of the modern service industry" "Shanghai s development framework for accelerating development of the modern service industry" A few pieces of policy advice on accelerating the development of modern service industry in Shanghai " A few pieces of policy advice on accelerating the development of modern service industry in Shanghai " 1 Modern Service 1 Modern Service.Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan".Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan"

17 advanced manufacturing 2 advanced manufacturing 2 advanced manufacturing Until 2010, industry added value will go beyond 600 billion RMB Until 2010, industry added value will go beyond 600 billion RMB The six industry foundations, including microelectronic, automobile, chemical engineering, fine steel, ship, and equipment, will be fully established The six industry foundations, including microelectronic, automobile, chemical engineering, fine steel, ship, and equipment, will be fully established Four pillar industries: Four pillar industries: electronic information, automobile, steel, and petrochemical electronic information, automobile, steel, and petrochemical Equip industries: Equip industries: power stations, transmission equipments, traffic, microelectronic equipments, Precision machining equipments, important special equipments, energy equipments, new-environmental equipments, intelligent measure equipments, and auto-control equipments power stations, transmission equipments, traffic, microelectronic equipments, Precision machining equipments, important special equipments, energy equipments, new-environmental equipments, intelligent measure equipments, and auto-control equipments Urban Industry Urban Industry The action program in prior developme nt in advanced manufactu ring The action program in prior developme nt in advanced manufactu ring.Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan".Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan" 2 The development of key industries and policy guidance Goals Focus Policy-oriented

18 High-tech industry 3 High-tech industry 3 High-tech industry The whole social R&D input will get to about 3% of the sell revenue till 2010, and the industries total R&D fund input will take up about 65% The whole social R&D input will get to about 3% of the sell revenue till 2010, and the industries total R&D fund input will take up about 65% The contribution rate that technical advance made to economic increase can get around 65%, and the increasing value made by intelligence intensive can take up above 30% of the whole production. The contribution rate that technical advance made to economic increase can get around 65%, and the increasing value made by intelligence intensive can take up above 30% of the whole production. Biomedicines Biomedicines New energies, clean energies and energy saving industries New energies, clean energies and energy saving industries New materials industries New materials industries Shanghai develop planning and framework in long-term science and technology ( ) Shanghai develop planning and framework in long-term science and technology ( ) Some provisions in impelling fruits conversion in high-technology, Some provisions in impelling fruits conversion in high-technology,.Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan".Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan" 2 The development of key industries and policy guidance Goals Focus Policy-oriented

19 3.Key point and political guidance in urban construction system "1966" four levels of urban systems "one central city", "nine new cities (Songjiang, Baoshan, Minxing, Jiading, Qingpu, Fengxiannanqiao, Jinshan, Lingangxincheng, Ch'ung-ming Xinqiao), "about 60 new towns" and "600 central villages". "1966" four levels of urban systems "one central city", "nine new cities (Songjiang, Baoshan, Minxing, Jiading, Qingpu, Fengxiannanqiao, Jinshan, Lingangxincheng, Ch'ung-ming Xinqiao ), "about 60 new towns" and "600 central villages"..Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan".Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan"

20 Jiading new city Songjiang new city Lingang new city Shanghai-Nanjing Expressway Lingang expressway Shanghai-Hangzhou Expressway 3. Key point and political guidance in urban construction system

21 1 Songjiang New City 1 Songjiang New City Songjiang New City RangeFunctionsGoals Composed of Husong Rd., Huhang Rd., Youdun Port, and Huachen Rd. Area in planning is 60 km2 Industry The main relief direction of the Center City s excessive concentration of population The political, economic and cultural center of Songjiang District Shanghai s important base of higher education; it s a garden city that has beautiful living environment. It s a tourist city that has good ecological environment and city landscape. An economic prosperity and rational layout, complete functions, advanced facilities, convenient efficient, beautiful environment modernization new city. The resident population is going to be up to about 600,000 in Education Cultural, Scientific research, Tourism.Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan".Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan" 3. Key point and political guidance in urban construction system

22 2 Jiading new city 2 Jiading new city Jiading new city Facing Baoshan Jiading in the east; faces Wenzaobang in the South; facesJiasong Rd. in the west; faces Baoqian Rd. in the north.Area in planning is 168 km2 Political, economic and cultural center of Jiading District Luxury living and the emerging commercial business concentration; Shanghai s international sports competition, the automobile culture and tourism services place It s the main modernized new city that embodies Shanghai modern international metropolis It s part of Shanghai services and interaction "Yangtze River Delta" urban agglomeration of regional central cities. T o build a high-tech standards, integrated radiation functions, the hub of the modern medium-sized cities and core cities of metropolitan regions of the Yangtze River Delta regional, has million populations Automobile industry, Scientific education, Leisure sport and living.Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan".Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan" 3. Key point and political guidance in urban construction system RangeFunctionsGoals Industry

23 3 Lingang new city 3 Lingang new city Lingang new city Facing Dazhi river in the north, and the south cross spart of A30 Expressway in the west, and the area is surrounded by the coastline in the planning in the east. Area in planning is km2 An international shipping core functional area and a national new emerging equipment manufacturing base modern logistics, shipping services Tourism and living To build economic, social highly coordinated, functional and dynamic modern integrated coastal city emerging as China and the world an important base for modern equipment manufacturing industry Advanced manufacturing, Modern logistics, shipping services, Export processing, Trade exhibitions, urban life.Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan".Shanghai's economic development focus in "11th Five-Year Plan" 3. Key point and political guidance in urban construction system RangeFunctionsGoals Industry

24 Thank You!


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