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Metropolitan governance & urban-rural relationships in the Lille region.

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Presentation on theme: "Metropolitan governance & urban-rural relationships in the Lille region."— Presentation transcript:

1 Metropolitan governance & urban-rural relationships in the Lille region

2 The Lille urban region A polycentric & crossborder area London Paris Randstad Ruhrgebiet Bruxelles Metz

3 Strong increase of commuting flows 1999 – 2006 The « metropolisation » process population: + 2 % max jobs: + 10 % max commuting flows: + 20 to 25 %

4 3 scales for metropolitan governance arrangements metropolitan governance A complex institutional landscape: 2 countries 3 regions 2 departements 2 provinces

5 85 municipalities 1.2 M. inhabitants on 660 km² Half of communes with less than inhabitants > 40% of the total population in 4 cities (Lille, Roubaix, Tourcoing, Villeneuve dAscq) Metropolitan governance: communauté urbaine

6 a formal body (établissement public de coopération intercommunale) inforced by law in 1966 in charge of « organising its territory by providing services and facilities » « historic » competences: roads, waste, water & sewerage, transport, land-use planning, urban development new competences: housing, economic development, green and natural spaces, environment, sport, culture, research a council of 170 members, elected for 6 years within the local councils Metropolitan governance: communauté urbaine

7 EGTC Eurometropole Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai 2 M inhab km²

8 EGTC Eurometropole Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai Creation of the EGTC on January 22nd 2008 Adhesions Members (14) : – 10 Belgian partners: Federal gvt, 2 regions, French commmunity, 2 provinces, 4 intercommunales – 4 French ones: National gvt, Region, departement, LMCU Statutory arrangements A general assembly: 84 members A board: 32 members An executive committee: 1 chair, 3 vice-chair An operationnal instrument: the cross-border agency Operating principles Double parity - between France and Belgium - then within Belgium, between French and Dutch-speaking regions Application of the French / Dutch bilingualism Tasks (no transfer of competences) ensuring concertation, dialogue and promoting political debate producing cross-border consistency throughout the entire territory facilitating, managing and realising projects facilitating the daily life of the inhabitants

9 The Lille metropolitan area 3.8 M inhab km²

10 Association Aire métropolitaine de Lille Creation December 3 rd 2007 Adhesions Members (15): the French partners «Observers»: the Belgian partners Statutory arrangements A general assembly : 1 representative by partner; the only decision-making body A board: a chair, a vice-chair and a treasurer A technical committee, made of officers from the different partners A permanent team of 3 officers, the Agence and « Mission Bassin Minier » as technical supports Objectives Building together a space for co-operation able to play at the European level a role in keeping with its actual importance. Developing the city region as a dynamic and competitive area in the heart of Europe which bears witness of the values of solidarity, respect towards cultural diversity and responsibility towards the environment. Implementing concrete projects aiming at improving the quality of life as well as at increasing the economic opportunities in order to reinforce the city-regions attractiveness

11 Schéma directeur main objectives: rebuilding the city on the city limiting the urban sprawl preserving agriculture developing natural & recreational spaces Rural / urban spaces in the metropolitan area

12 o annual crops: 80 % of agricultural land o meadows: 18 % of agricultural land o ha: 54 % of the total land surface Importance of the agricultural land o diminushing number of farms o decrease of jobs o reduction of agricultural land: ha/year an « agricultural metropolitan area » an activity in strong mutation Rural / urban spaces in the metropolitan area

13 A need to protect & develop natural and recreational areas o protection of biodiversity & water resource o mixing production and leisure activities o « farm to table » distribution channels o development of organic farming current opportunities to develop partnerships with agriculture Rural / urban spaces in the metropolitan area

14 Lille is actually just one of many examples of metropolitan area governance in European cities as proved by the outcomes of the Eurocities Metropolitan areas W. G. WG metropolitan areas member cities

15 Thank you for your attention

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