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Innovation and the Regions Cohesion and the Lisbon Agenda in the Free State of Saxony since 1991 1 Prof. Dr. Georg Milbradt Prime Minister.

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Presentation on theme: "Innovation and the Regions Cohesion and the Lisbon Agenda in the Free State of Saxony since 1991 1 Prof. Dr. Georg Milbradt Prime Minister."— Presentation transcript:

1 Innovation and the Regions Cohesion and the Lisbon Agenda in the Free State of Saxony since Prof. Dr. Georg Milbradt Prime Minister

2 Prague London Stockholm Moscow Warsaw Budapest Rome Paris Madrid Helsinki Reykjavik Athens Vienna Bern Lisbon Oslo Amsterdam Copenhagen Brussels Tallinn Riga Vilnius Minsk Kiev Dublin Bratislava Zagreb Sofia Bucharest Saxony - a central European Region Hamburg Frankfurt Munich Berlin Luxembourg 3 h 2 h 1 h 24 h 48 h 24 h 10 h 5 h 12 h Saxony S A X O NY Source: WFS

3 4 Universities - 3 with main focus on natural & engineering sciences 5 Universities of Applied Sciences 13 Fraunhofer Institutes and Research units 7 Leibniz Institutes (3 with focus on technology) 21 Agencies for Technology Consulting 21 Technology business incubators R&D projects ( ) with a volume of approx. 1.6 billion ; 800 Mio. financed by Saxon Technology Funding Programs (75% ERDF co-financed) Science and R&D Infrastructure

4 High-Tech Competence in Saxony Starting Points in 1991 Leipzig Dresden Chemnitz Freiberg Zwickau Microelectronics Information Technologies Biotechnology Material Research Automotive Machine Engineering Semiconductor Materials Solar Technolgy Automation Technologies Material Research Microelectronics Microsystem Technologies Production Technologies OEM/ Automotive Machine Engineering OEM/ Automotive Biotechnology Medical Technologies Communication Technologies Multi Media Applications OEM/ Automotive

5 Microelectronics - AMD, Infineon, ZMD companies, employees Car manufacturing industry - VW, Porsche, BMW, Neoplan companies, employees Machinery (Chemnitz, Dresden) companies, employees Life Sciences Industry (Biotechnology, Medical Technology, Pharmaceutical Industry) companies, employees Aerospace Industry - 30 companies, employees Technical Textiles - 60 companies, employees Main Fields of Excellence in Saxony – a Selection

6 Centre of Competence (Research and Development, Industry) in High Technologies of the former COMECON (Micro-) Electronics in Saxony - centering in the Dresden Region - has a long tradition - Basic Research (molecular electronic, Prof. Hartmann, 1961) - Production of Semiconductor Materials (Freiberger Elektronikwerkstoffe: employees) - Development of a One-Megabit-Chip (Zentrum Mikroelektronik Dresden: employees) - Production of Computers, Printed Circuit Boards (Robotron: employees) Break-down because of lacking competitiveness after 1990 Remaining:Human Capital, qualified and qualifiable employees, population with a special affinity for technology Electronics Industry in Saxony until 1989

7 Chip Industry in Dresden 2005 Integrated Circuits ASICs D RAMs, Logic Microprocessors ZMD AG jobs: 700 products: applied specific ICs technology: 0.35 micrometer investment: 0,13 billion since ´99 INFINEON jobs: products: dyn. memories, logic circuits technology: 0,14 micrometer and below investment: 4,05 billion AMD Fab 30 (Fab 36) jobs: ( )) products: microprocessors technology: 0,09 micrometer and below investment: 2,5 (+2,4) billion Total Investment: > 9 billion > jobs

8 Network of the semiconductor electronics and microsystem technology industry Connects manufacturers, suppliers, service providers, universities, institutes and policy in the region Companies and jobs 171 member companies, employees, 2 billion turnover Silicon Saxony

9 R&D in Nanoelectronics in Dresden R&D Photomasks 300mm Si-Wafer Technologies 300mm Si-Wafer Technologies AMTC GmbH & Co.KG jobs: 170 products: high end photomasks technology: 90 nm and below investment: 360 Mio CNT Center for Nanoelectronic Technologies CNT Center for Nanoelectronic Technologies jobs: approx R&D for the next generation of seminconductor process technology project volume: 170 Mio

10 Job Effects of AMD and Infineon Investments (Dresden Region) Source: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) 2002; * SMWA (2005, 2006 = estimated)

11 in Mill. (cumulated) public subsidies billion taxes billion reduced social security expenses billion additional social security proceeds billion Fiscal Effects of the Public Subsidies to AMD and Infineon Investments (without Fab 36) Source: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) 2002

12 Primary reasons to invest in Saxony (investors view): 1.Financial subsidies (grants for investments) including funding of R&D 2.Qualified and qualifiable people, with an affinity for technology " It is all about people. People come first, products and profits will follow." J. Sanders, Former CEO of AMD 3.Science Community and R&D infrastructure 4.Partnership of political leadership, public administration and entrepreneurs Qualities and Incentives Attracting Investments in Saxony

13 a)R&D is the basic element for the innovation process b) R&D is an integral part of high-end manufacturing c) Investments in manufacturing facilities for high-tech industries are quite substantial (up to several billion ) d) An investors decision for a production site is influenced by comparison of incentives on a global scale e) higher incentives outside of the EU imply the risk of loosing not only the production line but also the R&D Conclusion: Where Europe invested in R&D, State Aid should be allowed for subsequent Investments Future State Aid for large Investments – a Key Element for the Lisbon Process

14 Strategy for Innovation Recognising and exploiting endogenous potential. The ability that exists in the region is the best breeding ground for innovation. Developing an efficient research landscape and striving for a healthy sectoral mix of SMEs and large companies. Networking of industry and science with the objective of forming clusters (networks, integrated projects) Creating a favourable economic climate (the costs of bureaucracy are increasingly becoming an industrial location factor) Continuity, also in relation to support, so as not to have investment stop halfway in ruins.

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