Presentation on theme: "Navigation solutions powered by Europe Note: * Agreed upon by Burundi, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia,"— Presentation transcript:
Navigation solutions powered by Europe Note: * Agreed upon by Burundi, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe; ** CIA (only rivers, does not include navigable routes in lakes); *** Includes Mali, Gabon, Angola, Guinea, Ghana, Republic of the Congo, Senegal, Cote dIvoire, Sierra Leone, Malawi, Madagascar, Mozambique, The Gambia, Niger, Benin and Togo 29 African countries have navigable waterways that could provide an inexpensive form of transport They remain however the weakest link in Africa's transport system. Main constraints are non-harmonized procedures and standards,Poor safety and security,Seasonal blockages due to water weeds that often close routes Several initiatives have been taken to improve the current situation still with small impact on African waterways EGNOS can provide significant added values for inland waterways: Integrity and accuracy can support transport management systems Navigation support services will allow guidance of small ships 000 km By country Congo 50.1 Nigeria Sudan Egypt CAR Zambia Others*** African inland waterways extension** (2008) III. Details on applications – Inland waterways 17 February, 2014 The European GNSS Programmes 1 Africa has many navigable waterways that could support economic development of the continent
Navigation solutions powered by Europe The Congo basin (covering c. 12% of Africa) has up to 25.000 km of navigable waterways, with more than 10.000 boats*and is is pivotal for trade among Central African countries. However, several problems plague the basin: Dredging or beaconing is inadequate all over the basin (waterways blocked with sand ) Between Brazzaville / Kinshasa and Bangui navigation is possible only 6-7 months per year. Port infrastructure/ equipment is obsolete and it is difficult to access to quays due to silting 17 February, 2014 The European GNSS Programmes 2 Illustration of EGNOS added value :case of the Congo basin Key issuesEGNOS added value Nowadays, 95% of CARs imports (c. 270m** per year) transit through the Congo, but navigation to Bangui is blocked for 5-6 months per year. EGNOS can support bathymetry surveys to run dredging vessels through the shallow areas, to allow all season navigation on the Oubangui (between Bangui and Brazzaville/ Kinshasa.) If such a system uses EGNOS and guarantee an efficiency improvement of 10%, then it can be preliminarily estimated that CAR imports could benefit of up to 30m per year. More in general, providing beaconing and enhanced security measures along the waterways would greatly help the development of all the region Note: * CICOS; ** c. 378$m, CIA Factbook (2011) III. Details on applications – Inland waterways
Navigation solutions powered by Europe Back up slides 17 February, 2014 The European GNSS Programmes 3
Navigation solutions powered by Europe Nile river Length: 6,671 km (1 st African river, 2 nd on earth). It receives flows from the Blue Nile from Ethiopia Navigable: The river traverses Uganda, Sudan and Egypt with variable navigability. Navigation is interrupted by the first cataract at Aswan. In Egypt, less than 1% of goods are transported via the Nile river and its canals Zambezi river Length: 2,574 km (4 th African river) Navigable: c. 570km (lower stretches from Tete). Navigation studies are considered for its Shire River section that joins Zambezi flowing out of Lake Malawi Congo river Length: 4,374 km (2 nd African river). It receives flows from the Oubangui and from Sangha that drains Central Africa southwest Navigable: c. 3,000 km, but Livingstone Alls prevent access from the sea. The transport fleet serving the Congo-Oubangui-Sangha river systems is estimated at 10,000 units Niger river Length: 4,184 km (3 rd African river). Its main tributary is the Benue River Navigable: c. 1,000km with small boats; from Koulikoro also with bigger ships. Various projects are underway to improve the navigability. Provision of adequate river ports and places for handling freight is increasingly along its middle section. And efforts are in place to reactivate navigational activities by dredging the Niger and the Benue following the political and economic improvement of its riparian states Senegal river Length: 1,790 km (5 th African river). Main tributaries are the Faleme, Karakor and the Gorgol rivers Navigable: c. 500km, from the Atlantic Ocean to Podor, Senegal, all year long, and to Kayes, Mali, during rainy seasons Mali, Mauritania, Senegal and Guinea manage the river basin through the organization pour la mise en valeur du fleuve Senegal (OMVS) Lake Victoria Area: Lake Victoria is Africas largest lake (2 nd in the world) with an area of 69,000 kmq and a shore- line of 3,500 km, shared between Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. Navigable: Fully navigable, but the state of navigation aids has been non-functional for a long time, leading to increased fatal accidents. Moreover, the hydrographic survey maps done in 1924 are now obsolete. There are about 10 ferries and a number of open- decked cargo boats and passenger ships. Uganda railways operates two big ferries, which transport about 400,000 tons annually through Port Bell (Uganda)-Kisumu (Kenya) and 250,000 tons through Port Bell-Mwanza (Tanzania). The passenger ships transports c. 6,000 pax/ day Lake Tanganyica and lake Malawi Lake Tanganyika is the 2 nd largest lake in Africa with an area of 36,000 kmq that inter-connect DRC, Tanzania, Burundi and Zambia. The operational characteristics are the same as Lake Victoria. Lake Malawi (3 rd largest lake in Africa) is navigable between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. Operations on the lake are under the same conditions as in Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika 17 February, 2014 The European GNSS Programmes 4 III. Details on concrete applications - Maritime Africa has many navigable waterways, with relevant quantities of goods transported...
Navigation solutions powered by Europe 17 February, 2014 The European GNSS Programmes 5 III. Details on concrete applications - Maritime Congo river Strong Navigation limitations 5-6 months per year
Navigation solutions powered by Europe Note: * International Navigation Association (formerly, Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses); ** River Information System; *** Automatic Identification System Source: ESA Fairways vary according to adopted navigation control systems PIANC* recommends a fairway 5x the width of the largest ship when guided by radar PIANC recommends a fairway 2.8x the width of the largest ship when guided by more precise GNSS navigation systems AIS*** Position Accuracy (obtained with RIS) Radar Position Accuracy Position variable by sensor GPS DGPS (IALA signal) DGPS (local signal) SBAS Position variable by Speed Distance Weather (rain, waves,..) III. Details on concrete applications - Maritime 17 February, 2014 The European GNSS Programmes 6 With EGNOS, inland waterways traffic can be better managed thanks to RIS** technology implementation