Presentation on theme: "Sudan, Chad, Central Africa: main humanitarian challenges for 2011 Sudan 2011: an uncertain future for Sudan and the region How to address needs in a further."— Presentation transcript:
Sudan, Chad, Central Africa: main humanitarian challenges for 2011 Sudan 2011: an uncertain future for Sudan and the region How to address needs in a further reduced humanitarian space (Darfur, Transitional areas, Eastern Chad) Supporting humanitarian access and coordination (advocacy, transport, coordination, clusters) Remembering forgotten crises: Central African Republic, LRA- affected populations Addressing protection needs (especially in DRC) Linking Relief Rehabilitation and Development: handing over (Burundi), complementarity of approaches (nutrition/food security) and exit strategies by partners
Sudan, Chad, Central Africa: main response elements Sudan (100 M): focus on emergency preparedness and response DRC (40 M): basic needs of affected populations regardless of status + protection mainstreaming Chad (East/South- 19.8M): basic needs of affected populations in a self-sustaining manner Burundi/Tanzania (9 M): camp refugee needs + new emergencies (Burundi) CAR (8 M): improving quality and timeliness of response in remote areas Support to transport/logistics: ECHO-Flight (8.5 M) + UNHAS / NGO transport
Horn of Africa Djibouti (1 M): Food security slightly improved. Consolidation of 2010 results to allow rural population to recover. Ethiopia (15 M): Acute needs in health, nutrition, water and sanitation, agriculture. Food security improved but still major factor of vulnerability. Focus on reducing under-nutrition of children<5y. Support to farmers and agro-pastoralists affected by drought, animal health service. Water, sanitation and hygiene/capacity to respond to epidemics outbreak. Kenya (15 M): - Dadaab camps (>290,000 refugees) water and sanitation, health/nutrition, possibly shelter and NFI, food - Arid and semi-arid lands nutrition and livelihood activities. Focus on treatment and surveillance
Horn of Africa – contd Somalia (30 M): nearly 2,000,000 people in need. Focus on life-saving activities in Southern-Central zone. Actions in Puntland and Somaliland (health, nutrition, support to IDPs, water, sanitation, food security, community based drought preparedness and DRR initiatives Uganda (3 M): Gradual phasing out. Decreasing needs: remaining IDP camps expected to close. Support may be needed for drought prone north-eastern Karamoja: some 150,000 refugees, mainly from DRC.
Southern Africa & Indian Ocean Zimbabwe (10 M): needs over entire country. Some progress but challenge of reversing economy and structural collapse remains. Key priority areas: rehabilitation of social, public health and education services. ECHO focus: health/water/sanitation West Africa The Sahel (45,2 M): chronic and acute under-nutrition, major cause of infant mortality and suffering. ECHOs approach: knowledge of causes of malnutrition and early warning systems, treatment, advocacy and awareness Liberia (5 M): progress in transition from humanitarian aid to development. Post-conflict recovery and rehabilitation: food security, water and sanitation
South West Asia, Caucasus and Central Asia Afghanistan: Conflict affected area, prone to natural disasters – Protection of civilians – militarised and politicised agenda – blurring of lines – access, humanitarian space and security – Budget 33 MEUR Pakistan: major ECHO operation in twin faceted crisis with conflict (IDPs) and floods. Protection, exclusion of beneficiaries, access and security as major concerns – Budget 70 MEUR Caucasus: DG ECHO exit in Last funding decision in 2010 with Protection as the main focus. 2 MEUR Central Asia: no funding foreseen – monitoring of the Kyrgyzstan crisis.
Middle east and Mediterranean OPT: Large-scale protracted crisis; violations of IHL; access issues hampering development; protection as entry point/advocacy for IHL; stronger focus on core humanitarian mandate. 42 MEUR incl. 24 MEUR FA. Lebanon (palest. refugees): a neglected crisis 6 MEUR incl. 1.2 MEUR FA. Iraqi crisis: Phasing down within Iraq; significant number of refugees in Syria and Jordan (protection, health, psycho). 10 MEUR Yemen: 3 forgotten crises in complex environment. DG ECHO increased effort in 2010/11. Office opening. 4 MEUR
Asia and the Pacific 1. Response to ongoing humanitarian crises -Burma/Myanmar and Thailand MEUR Continued support to ethnic minorities in border areas, to stateless people (Rohingyas) in Northern Rakhine State and to Burmese Refugees in camps in Thailand -Sri Lanka MEUR 11. Maintained multi-sectoral support to IDPs and returnees, and to SL refugees in India. -India Support to victims of the Kashmir and Chhattisgarh conflicts -Nepal Phasing out in favour of LRRD. Maintained food support to Bhutanese refugees -Bangladesh Support to unregistered Rohingya refugees. Continued support to the victims of recent natural disasters. 2. Response to new natural disasters 3. Disaster Preparedness/Disaster Risk Reduction - New DIPECHO Action Plans 2011 (South Asia MEUR 12; Pacific MEUR 2.3) - DRR mainstreaming in most projects
Latin America and the Caribbean 1.Haiti - MEUR 33 Continued multi sectoral support to earthquake-affected and other vulnerable people 2. Colombia – MEUR 12 Continued support to IDPs and other victims of the conflict, and to Colombian Refugees in neighbouring countries 3. Response to new natural disasters 4. Disaster Preparedness/Disaster Risk Reduction - Caribbean : New DIPECHO Action Plan 2011 (MEUR 8) - South America: New DIPECHO Action Plan 2011 (MEUR 12) - DRR mainstreaming in most projects
Joint communication & visibility EU visibility is not an end in itself…the EU public has the right to be given accurate and complete information about the way the EU is responding to disasters. At present, EU efforts are considered operationally effective but they are not always visible to EU citizens. Commissioner Georgieva
Joint communication & visibility 79% of EU citizens think it is important that the EU funds humanitarian aid outside its borders 43% know that the EU funds humanitarian actions (Eurobarometer 2010)
Joint communication & visibility Toolkit for visibility, information and communication actions (http://ec.europa.eu/echo/about/actors/visibility_en.htm) Humanitarian aid decision for public awareness, information and communication Visibility in emergencies