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Resource productivity and future technologies Miroslav Havránek EEA - FLIS - COPENHAGEN - 18.-19. 11.2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Resource productivity and future technologies Miroslav Havránek EEA - FLIS - COPENHAGEN - 18.-19. 11.2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Resource productivity and future technologies Miroslav Havránek EEA - FLIS - COPENHAGEN

2 Content About CUEC Resource productivity Final sink scarcity Future technologies ISIE ConAccount news

3 Charles University Environment Center Charles University in Prague Non-faculty research institute (1992) About 30 people (director prof. Bedrich Moldan) Focus on environmental and ecological economy, sustainable development indicators

4 Resource productivity metrics EEA Core set EUROSTAT IEA Upstream processes omitted Rucksack, Footprinting, Hybrid I-O tables

5 Resource productivity in Europe Source: EUROSTAT

6 Energy intensity per product Source: CZSO

7 Increasing efficiency - pitfall Physical and financial flows are coupled Resource efficiency leads to higher quality of life and ultimatelly to more resource use = rebound effect is real Economic growth is driven by consumption (income) To effectively de-couple and decrease env. burden efficiency must grow faster than GDP

8 Final sink Resource becomes waste Dematerialisation shifts materials to more dangerous materials Recycling vs. Final disposal Air & Soil & Sea

9 Technology development Strong driver of the future Omitted environmental impacts and resource needs Non-linearities in future scenarios Penetration curve of new technologies Know-how exchange

10 Accelerating technologies: race in to unknown? Improvement of technology vs. Change of basic principles

11 Technology outlook of LDV, IEA Source: IEA 2010

12 Technologies example: Demand Side Energy efficiency in buildings and appliances Heat pumps Solar space and water heating Energy efficiency in transport Electric and plug-in vehicles H 2 fuel cell vehicles CCS industry, H 2 and fuel transformation Industrial motor systems

13 Technologies example: Suply side CCS fossil-fuel power generation Nuclear power plants Onshore and offshore wind Biomass IGCC & co-combustion Photovoltaic systems Concentrating solar power Coal: integrated-gasification combined Cycle Coal: ultra-supercritical 2nd generation biofuels

14 News

15 Thank you for your attention


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