Presentation on theme: "Anna Donald Marine Planning and Strategy Marine Scotland"— Presentation transcript:
1 Anna Donald Marine Planning and Strategy Marine Scotland Marine Strategy Framework Directive Consultation on Good Environmental Status Background and IntroductionAnna DonaldMarine Planning and StrategyMarine Scotland
2 What this presentation will cover Introduction to the Marine Strategy Framework DirectiveBrief explanation of the links to other policiesIntroduction to the consultation
3 Aims of the Directive?Put in place measures to achieve Good Environmental Status in Europe’s seas by 2020Ecologically diverse and dynamic oceans and seas which are clean, healthy and productive within their intrinsic conditions.Use of the marine environment is sustainable - safeguarding the potential for uses and activities by current and future generationsprotect and preserve the marine environment, prevent its deterioration or, where practicable, restore marine ecosystems;prevent and reduce inputs in the marine environment, with a view to phasing out pollutionapply an ecosystem-based approachdetermined at the level of the marine region or subregion.
4 Timeline2010: Transposition into UK legislation – Scottish Ministers as competent authority for Scottish waters2012: Initial assessment; determination of GES; targets and indicators2014: Monitoring programme2015: Devise programme of measures2016: Implement programme of measures2018: Review process2020: Measures in place to achieve or maintain GES
5 ExceptionsThere are some legitimate reasons why GES might not be achieved by 2020:Modifications of marine waters for reasons of overriding public interest;Action or inaction for which a Member State isn’t responsible;Natural conditions don’t allow GES to be achieved by 2020.Not required to take measures to achieve GES if the cost of doing so is disproportionate taking into account risks to marine environment.
7 Descriptors of GES (Annex 1 of MSFD) No.Descriptor1Biological diversity maintained2Non-indigenous species3Commercial fish & shellfish4Food-webs5Eutrophication6Sea-floor integrity7Hydrography8Contaminants9Contaminants in seafood10Litter11Energy, incl. underwater noise
8 GES = Sustainable Use Ecosystem State Pressures Pristine Science SocietyEcosystem StateGES fits well with our existing vision of clean, healthy, safe and biologically diverse sea.It is not about achieving a pristine marine environment – it is consistent with sustainable use of our seas by current and future generations.The challenge for us in setting targets for GES is describing what sustainable use means in practice.Science can’t give us all the answers – might be able to define what pristine state looks like and the limits beyond which the ecosystem won’t be able to recover, but may not be able to define sustainable use – this is something that involves societal judgement as well as science.DestroyedNoneHighPressures8
9 Regional co-operation (within OSPAR for UK) Member States sharing a marine region must co-operate to ensure a coherent and coordinated approach to implementationMARINE REGIONSThe Baltic SeaThe North East Atlantic OceanThe Mediterranean SeaThe Black SeaCeltic SeasGreater North Sea
10 Regional co-ordination to date STRONG COORDINATIONPOTENTIAL FOR STRONG FUTURE COORDINATIONLESS PROGRESS ON COORDINATIONCommercial fish and shellfish (Descriptor 3)Biodiversity (Descriptor 1)Changes to hydrographical conditions (Descriptor 7)Minimising eutrophication (Descriptor 5)Impacts of non-indigenous species (Descriptor 2)Food webs (Descriptor 4)Effects of contaminants (Descriptor 8)Sea-floor integrity (Descriptor 4)Contaminants in seafood (Descriptor 9)Marine litter (Descriptor 10)Underwater noise (Descriptor 11)
11 Fit with other Directives Marine Strategy Framework DirectiveWater Framework DirectiveHabitats DirectiveGoodVery GoodGoodModeratePoorVery poor----GEcS----FavourableInadequateBad----GES--------FCS----[Not good]We have tried to make the links between these different requirements as clear as possible, and where species or habitats are covered by the Habs Directive or WFD, we consider that this should be sufficient to ensure that GES is achieved for these habitats and species. Many of the targets/thresholds from those Directives have been used in our proposals for GES targets and indicators.However, the more complicated issue is in relation to those areas of the marine environment that are not covered by the Habs Directive and WFD. MSFD is much broader than these two Directives, so we have had to consider how GES should apply within that wider area. In general we have chosen not to apply FCS or GEcS standards across the whole of UK waters, because this was felt to be too ambitious and not in line with sustainable use of the marine environment.11
12 Consultation exercise - coverage Initial assessment – Charting Progress 2 and Scotland’s Marine AtlasCharacteristics of GES – high level and qualitativeGES targets and indicators – more detailed, quantitative. Bound by criteria and indicators set by European Commission.Potential implications – additional to existing workImpact assessment – costs and benefitsBusiness as Usual report as baselineCost Benefit Analysis Report – options for targets and indicators
13 Principles for target setting Sufficient to achieve or maintain GES;Quantitative wherever possible, qualitative where not;Include state, pressure, impact or operational targets;Measurable;Link through to management measures wherever possible;Based as far as possible on existing targets/monitoring;Appropriate scale;Due consideration to socio-economics;Timescales;Regard to the precautionary principle.
14 Consultation questions Initial assessmentOverall conclusions an accurate summary?Any new evidence?GES characteristicsConsistent with Directive, Commission decision, evidence base?Consistent with other policies and commitments?GES targetsSufficient to guide progress towards GES?Feasible in terms of management measures?Feasible in terms of cost effective monitoring?Proposals for filling gaps?
15 Consultation questions Impact assessmentAre the illustrative measures a reasonable assessment of what is required?Any other potential measures?Any more information on costs?
16 Consultation process Ends 18 June Further information at