Presentation on theme: "INVOLUNTARY PLACEMENT AND TREATMENT OF PERSONS WITH MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS Mario Oetheimer Freedoms and Justice Department Vienna, 4 November 2010."— Presentation transcript:
INVOLUNTARY PLACEMENT AND TREATMENT OF PERSONS WITH MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS Mario Oetheimer Freedoms and Justice Department Vienna, 4 November 2010
Outline What are the standards? What are our preliminary findings?
International and European Standards: Treaties Liberty and security of the person –Art. 14 CRPD –Art. 5 ECHR Freedom from torture and ill-treatment –Art. 15 CRPD –Art. 3 ECHR –European Convention for the Prevention of Torture Protection of persons not able to consent and persons who have a mental disorder –Arts. 6(3) and 7 Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (Oviedo Convention)
European Soft Law Standards Council of Europe Recommendation Rec(2004)10 concerning the protection of the human rights and dignity of persons with mental disorder –Art. 17 and 25 Committee for the Prevention of Torture Standards (CPT Standards)
Preliminary Analysis of EU Member States Legislation 1) Criteria or conditions of person 2) Principle of least restriction 3) Requiring consent of the person concerned; 4) Availability of appeal and review procedures
1) Criteria or conditions of person Great variety of practices among EU Member States: All require the presence of a mental health problem together with: significant risk of serious harm; therapeutic purpose significant risk of serious harm + therapeutic purpose;
2) Principle of Least Restriction Involuntary placement should be possible only if no less restrictive means are available; This requirement is implemented by most EU Member States.
3) Consent of the Person Concerned Involuntary placement is possible only if the opinion of the person concerned has been taken into consideration Among EU Member States, consent is often sought, but not always taken into account when deciding on involuntary placement.
4) Appeal and Review Procedures Right to appeal against a decision; Review of the lawfulness of the measure by a Court at reasonable intervals; Right to be heard in person or through a personal advocate or representative. Mixed performance among EU Member States.
Summary International and European standards; Some preliminary findings related to involuntary placement.
FRA Future Work FRA report on involuntary placement and treatment in the first semester of 2011; Engage with participants on the main problems related to involuntary placement.